Roosevelt Boulevard (Philadelphia)
Roosevelt Boulevard at Rhawn Street, looking north toward Pennypack Circle
|Length||15.7 mi (25.3 km)|
|South end||I-76 (Schuylkill Expy) / US 1 in West Philadelphia|
|PA 63 (Red Lion Rd./Woodhaven Rd.) in Northeast Philadelphia|
|North end||US 1 (Lincoln Highway) in Trevose|
Roosevelt Boulevard, officially named the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Boulevard and often referred to, chiefly by Philadelphian locals, simply as "the Boulevard," is a major traffic artery through North and Northeast Philadelphia. The road begins at the Schuylkill Expressway in Fairmount Park, running as a freeway also known as the Roosevelt Boulevard Extension or the Roosevelt Expressway through North Philadelphia, then transitioning into a twelve-lane divided highway that forms the spine of Northeast Philadelphia to its end at the city line.
Historically, Roosevelt Boulevard is a part of the Lincoln Highway, the first road across America, which ran for 3,389 miles (5,454 km) from Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park on the Pacific Ocean in San Francisco, California.
Today, Roosevelt Boulevard is designated as US 1 (north of the Roosevelt Expressway), US 13 (between Hunting Park Avenue and Robbins Street), and Pennsylvania Route 63 (between Red Lion and Woodhaven Roads).
The road is notorious for two intersections which have been designated the second and third most dangerous intersections in the country by State Farm Insurance, at Red Lion Road and Grant Avenue respectively. The dangerous reputation of the road led to installation of the first red light cameras in Philadelphia in 2004. The road has been the scene of numerous pedestrian casualties and studies are underway to allow pedestrian traffic to be separated from vehicular traffic.
The Roosevelt Boulevard Extension, also known as the Roosevelt Expressway, begins at the Schuylkill Expressway in Fairmount Park adjacent to the Philadelphia city line, as an expressway also known as the Roosevelt Boulevard Expressway U.S. Route 1. It crosses the Schuylkill River via the Twin Bridges and runs eastward through the neighborhoods of East Falls and Hunting Park. The Roosevelt Expressway interchanges with Broad Street (Pennsylvania Route 611) and ends at an interchange with US 13 (Roosevelt Boulevard), at which point US 1 merges onto the Roosevelt Boulevard and continues northeast along with US 13.
The Roosevelt Boulevard begins at an intersection with Hunting Park Avenue, continuing northeast as a part of US 13. The road crosses Broad Street (PA 611) before US 1 (Roosevelt Expressway) merges in at an interchange and Roosevelt Boulevard becomes a 12-lane surface arterial with local and express lanes and at-grade intersections, carrying US 1 and US 13.
The road continues east through Hunting Park and Feltonville, where it curves and starts running in a northeasterly direction. It meets Oxford Avenue (Pennsylvania Route 232) at a large traffic circle known as Oxford Circle (the express lanes pass through the circle via an underpass). The road carries northbound U.S. Route 13 one more mile until it splits off onto Robbins Street and Levick Street (both one-way streets). The road continues to a large interchange with Cottman Avenue (Pennsylvania Route 73) and the Roosevelt Mall and a traffic circle with Holme Avenue known as the Pennypack Circle. It continues past Pennypack Park and Northeast Philadelphia Airport, passing through two notoriously dangerous intersections with Grant Avenue and Red Lion Road.
The road continues northeast, interchanging with Woodhaven Road (Pennsylvania Route 63), then narrowing as it approaches its end at an intersection on the Philadelphia-Bucks County border. After 2 traffic light intersections in Trevose in Bensalem Township, U.S. 1 continues as a freeway to the north.
Proposed in 1903 by Mayor Samuel H. Ashbridge as part of the City Beautiful movement, the 300-foot-wide thoroughfare originally extended from Broad Street to the Torresdale neighborhood, and was first named Torresdale Boulevard, then Northeast Boulevard in 1914 when the road was completed. On its extension to Pennypack Creek in 1918, it was finally renamed to Roosevelt Boulevard, in honor of Theodore Roosevelt. The road was designated U.S. 1 in 1926, and was extended through Philadelphia to neighboring Bucks County in the post-World War II years.
In 2000, by act of the state legislature, the Boulevard was designated the "Police Officer Daniel Faulkner Memorial Highway" in memory of Daniel Faulkner, a Philadelphia police officer whom Wesley Cook, aka Mumia Abu-Jamal, was convicted of having slain in the line of duty in 1981. The designation is alongside the roadway's official name of Roosevelt Boulevard.
There have been several plans to change the boulevard into an expressway-like artery, like the Roosevelt Expressway itself, and construct a subway underneath the boulevard, but no such plans have been acted upon.
Today, Roosevelt Boulevard is among the most congested arteries in the country. According to a 2001 report by State Farm Insurance, the second- and third-worst intersections in the country are both found on the Boulevard, at Red Lion Road and Grant Avenue, respectively, only a mile apart from each other. Red-light enforcement cameras have been installed at these intersections, as well as Cottman Avenue, and have been operational since June 1, 2005. New cameras installed at the intersections with Southampton Road, Welsh Road, Rhawn Street, Levick Street, Rising Sun Avenue, and Mascher Street became operational in summer 2007. Additional plans include adding cameras at Tyson Avenue and Devereaux Avenue.
Mileage is the distance along U.S. Route 1 from the Maryland border.
|52.31||84.18||I-76 (Schuylkill Expressway) – Valley Forge, Central Philadelphia||Exit 340B on I-76|
|52.86||85.07||Ridge Avenue, Kelly Drive||Southbound only
Was proposed to interchange with the Manayunk Expressway
|53.33||85.83||Fox Street, Henry Avenue||Southbound only|
|53.53||86.15||Wissahickon Avenue south – Hunting Park Avenue||Northbound only|
|54.01||86.92||Wissahickon Avenue north – Germantown Avenue||Northbound only|
|54.80||88.19||PA 611 (Broad Street)|
|55.32||89.03||US 13 south (Roosevelt Boulevard)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
|US 13 (Hunting Park Avenue)|
|PA 611 (Broad Street)|
|55.32||89.03||US 1 south (Roosevelt Expressway)|
|58.87||94.74||PA 232 (Oxford Avenue) / Cheltenham Avenue||Interchange (Oxford Circle)|
|59.65||96.00||US 13 (Robbins Street)||Northbound one-way pair of US 13.|
|59.71||96.09||US 13 (Levick Street)||Southbound one-way pair of US 13.|
|60.79||97.83||PA 73 (Cottman Avenue)||Interchange|
|Holme Avenue / Solly Avenue||Interchange (Pennypack Circle)|
|63.14||101.61||PA 532 (Welsh Road)||Southern terminus of PA 532.|
|64.88||104.41||PA 63 (Red Lion Road)||Southern end of concurrency with PA 63|
|66.23||106.59||PA 63 east (Woodhaven Road)||Interchange; northern end of concurrency with PA 63|
|US 1 north (Lincoln Highway)||Bucks County line|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Google Inc. "I-76 & Roosevelt Expy, Philadelphia, PA 19131 to Roosevelt Blvd & Lincoln Hwy, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=&time=&date=&ttype=&saddr=I-76+and+Roosevelt+Blvd,+Philadelphia,+Pennsylvania&daddr=Roosevelt+Blvd+and+Lincoln+Hwy,+Philadelphia,+Pennsylvania&sll=40.074656,-75.05928&sspn=0.126102,0.32135&ie=UTF8&ll=40.06257,-75.085716&spn=0.126124,0.32135&z=12&om=1.
- "Focus on lethal Roosevelt Blvd". The Philadelphia Inquirer. December 13, 2006.[dead link]
- "Roosevelt Expressway (US 1): Historic Overview". The Roads of Metro Philadelphia.[unreliable source]
- "List of 'most dangerous' intersections released". CNN. June 27, 2001.
- "Study Evaluates the Effectiveness of Red Light Camera Enforcement in Philadelphia". Government Technology. January 31, 2007.
- Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (2006) (PDF). Pennsylvania Official Tourism and Transportation Map (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/MAPS/Statewide/otm/2006/otm_2006.PDF. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- "HB 2503. PN 3498" (PDF). Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Legislative Journal (40): 1431. June 14, 2000.
- Walker, Julian. "It's Danny's way". The Northeast Times. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009.
- DeLorme (2007). Street Atlas USA (Map).
- DeLorme (2007). Street Atlas USA (Map).
- Phillyroads.com Article covering history of the Boulevard
- Greater Philadelphia GeoHistory Network - historical maps and atlases of Philadelphia
- Article on US-1 with history of Roosevelt Boulevard