Roosevelt Island Bridge

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Roosevelt Island Bridge
Roosevelt Island Bridge.jpg
Roosevelt Island Bridge as viewed from Queensboro Bridge.
Carries 2 lanes of 36th Ave and a sidewalk on the north side
Crosses East River (East Channel)
Locale Roosevelt Island and Queens, New York
Maintained by New York City Department of Transportation
Design Lift bridge
Total length 2,877 ft (877 m)[1]
Width 40 ft (12 m)[1]
Longest span 418 ft (127 m)[1]
Clearance below 100 ft (30 m) when open
Opened May 18, 1955
Daily traffic 10,161 (2008)[2]
Coordinates 40°45′50″N 73°56′46″W / 40.76389°N 73.94611°W / 40.76389; -73.94611Coordinates: 40°45′50″N 73°56′46″W / 40.76389°N 73.94611°W / 40.76389; -73.94611
Roosevelt Island Bridge is located in New York City
Roosevelt Island Bridge

The Roosevelt Island Bridge is a lift bridge that connects Roosevelt Island in Manhattan to Astoria in Queens, crossing the East Channel of the East River. It is the sole route to the island for vehicular and foot traffic (without using public transportation).

Construction of the bridge began on March 17, 1952, at a cost of $6.5 million. It opened on May 18, 1955, as the Welfare Island Bridge.[3] The name was changed to the Roosevelt Island Bridge in 1973.[4]

When the bridge is open it provides ships with 100 feet (30 m) of vertical clearance. It is 40 feet (12 m) wide, and its total length, including approaches, is 2,877 feet (877 m). The main span is 418 feet (127 m).

Before the bridge was constructed, the only way vehicles could access Roosevelt Island was via an elevator on the Queensboro Bridge.[5]

The Roosevelt Island Bridge provides direct access to the Motorgate Parking Garage, which was designed to minimize vehicular traffic on the island. The garage was completed in 1974 and later expanded in 1990.

In 2001, the New York City Department of Transportation considered converting the Roosevelt Island Bridge into a fixed bridge to reduce the cost of its maintenance. The bridge is rarely opened, because most vessels passing by Roosevelt Island use the West Channel of the East River.[4] Most of the bridge openings occur in September during the General Assembly at the United Nations when the West Channel is closed for security reasons.[6]

Queens side of Roosevelt Island Bridge, with the Queensboro Bridge in the background

See also[edit]

Roosevelt Island Tramway

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Roosevelt Island Bridge Facts". New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  2. ^ "New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes 2008" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. March 2010. p. 153. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  3. ^ "Welfare Island Gets Own Bridge; $6,500,000 Link With Long Island City Is Opened by Jack and Lundy". The New York Times. May 19, 1955. p. 33. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  4. ^ a b Lippincott, E.E. (January 14, 2001). "Neighborhood Report: Roosevelt Island; ... and a Recommendation to Make Its Only Bridge an Immovable Object". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  5. ^ Guide to Civil Engineering Projects In and Around New York City (2nd ed.). Metropolitan Section, American Society of Civil Engineers. 2009. p. 45. 
  6. ^ "Roosevelt Island Bridge". New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
Western end of the bridge.

External links[edit]