Roquelaure

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For A. N. Roquelaure, see Anne Rice.
Roquelaure
RoqueLoin.JPG
Roquelaure is located in France
Roquelaure
Roquelaure
Coordinates: 43°43′16″N 0°34′47″E / 43.7211°N 0.5797°E / 43.7211; 0.5797Coordinates: 43°43′16″N 0°34′47″E / 43.7211°N 0.5797°E / 43.7211; 0.5797
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Gers
Arrondissement Auch
Canton Auch-Nord-Ouest
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Baylac
Area
 • Land1 21.23 km2 (8.20 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 544
 • Population2 density 26/km2 (66/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 32348 / 32810
Elevation 106–239 m (348–784 ft)
(avg. 228 m or 748 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Roquelaure (Ròcalaura in Gascon) is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

History[edit]

The village is situated on a rocky height near the site of an Iron-Age oppidum and Gallo Roman villa on the neighboring hill of La Ciotat (La Sioutat). The ruins of Roman baths were found in the 18th century, which may be part of the same villa that was discovered more recently in 1898 and excavated in the 1960s.[1][2]

The name Roquelaure means "laurel hill" in Gascon.[3] A medieval fortified town was built at the current location sometime in the 12th century under the auspices of a lord of Roquelaure, and it received its charter (charte de coutumes) in 1244. From the 16th century on, the lords of Roquelaure built and maintained a chapel in the Gothic Church of Saint-Loup. The lords of Roquelaure, including Antoine de Roquelaure (1544-1625), are buried in the church crypt. Antoine de Roquelaure built the nearby château of Rieutort and began refurbishing the castle at Lavardens, a project which was never completed. Francis I had a fort built on the northern slope of the village hill, guarding the road to Peyrusse-Massas, the ruins of which remain. The grounds of the fort have been the Robert Dauzère Stadium since 1969.[4]

The former commune of Arcamont was joined to Roquelaure in 1952.[5]

Government and politics[edit]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Term start Term end
Michel Baylac 2001

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1962 432 —    
1968 424 −1.9%
1975 338 −20.3%
1982 392 +16.0%
1990 464 +18.4%
1999 454 −2.2%
2008 544 +19.8%

Viticulture[edit]

The lands of the commune of Roquelaure are classified as part of the Côtes de Montestruc and Côtes de Gascogne vin de pays zones. They are also part of the Haut-Armagnac zone.

Duchy[edit]

The seigneurie of Roquelaure was elevated to a duchy in 1652 in favor of Gaston-Jean-Baptiste de Roquelaure (1617-1683), son of Antoine de Roquelaure.

After this line died out, a different marquisate of Roquelaure was created in 1766 for their relatives, the lords of Saint-Aubin, today Roquelaure-Saint-Aubin.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Urizzi, 59.
  2. ^ Lapart, Jacques; Petit, Catherine (1993). Carte archèologique de la Gaule: Le Gers 32. Paris: Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, Ministère de la Culture. pp. 115–119. ISBN 2-87754-025-1. 
  3. ^ Fénié, Bénédicte; Fénié, Jean-Jacques (1992). Toponymie gasconne. Bordeaux: Editions Sud-Ouest. p. 50. ISBN 2-87901-093-4. 
  4. ^ Urizzi, 59-61.
  5. ^ Urizzi, 60-61.
  • Urizzi, Pascale (2003). "Roquelaure". In Georges Courtès. Communes du département du Gers: Arrondissement d'Auch 1. Auch: Société archéologique et historique du Gers. pp. 59–61. ISBN 978-2-9505900-7-7. 

Further reading[edit]

Jones, Peter (2003). Liberty and Locality in Revolutionary France: Six Villages Compared, 1760-1820. New Studies in European History. Cambridge University. ISBN 978-0521821773. 

External links[edit]

  • Roquelaure. Community of Communes of the Cœur de Gascogne (in French).