Rory O'Hanlon

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Rory O'Hanlon
Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann
In office
6 June 2002 – 14 June 2007
Preceded by Séamus Pattison
Succeeded by John O'Donoghue
Leas-Cheann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann
In office
9 July 1997 – 6 June 2002
Preceded by Joe Jacob
Succeeded by Séamus Pattison
Minister for the Environment
In office
14 November 1991 – 14 February 1992
Preceded by John P. Wilson
Succeeded by Michael Smith
Minister for Health
In office
10 March 1987 – 14 November 1991
Preceded by John Boland
Succeeded by Mary O'Rourke
Minister of State for Social Welfare Claims
In office
28 October 1982 – 14 December 1982
Preceded by Denis Gallagher
Succeeded by Fergus O'Brien
Teachta Dála
In office
5 July 1977 – 1 February 2011
Preceded by New constituency
Succeeded by Joe O'Reilly
Constituency Cavan–Monaghan
Personal details
Born (1934-02-07) 7 February 1934 (age 80)
Dublin, Ireland
Nationality Irish
Political party Fianna Fáil
Spouse(s) Teresa Ward
Children 6
Alma mater University College Dublin

Rory O'Hanlon (born 7 February 1934) is a former Irish Fianna Fáil politician. He was a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Cavan–Monaghan constituency from 1977 until 2011, and also served in a range of cabinet positions and as Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann.[1]

Early life[edit]

Born in Dublin in 1934, O'Hanlon was brought up in a family that had a strong association with the republican tradition. His father was a member of the Fourth Northern Division of the Irish Republican Army during the War of Independence.

O'Hanlon was educated at Mullaghbawn National School, before later attending St. Mary's College, Dundalk and Blackrock College in Dublin. He subsequently studied medicine at University College Dublin and qualified as a doctor. In 1965 O'Hanlon he was appointed to Carrickmacross as the local general practitioner and was the medical representative on the North Eastern Health Board from its inception in 1970 until 1987.[2]

Political career[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

O'Hanlon entered his first electoral contest when he was the Fianna Fáil candidate in the 1973 Monaghan by-election caused by the election of Erskine Childers to the Presidency. He was unsuccessful on this occasion but was eventually elected at the 1977 general election for the Cavan–Monaghan constituency.[3] O'Hanlon was one of a handful of new Fianna Fáil deputies who were elected in that landslide victory for the party and, as a new TD, he remained on the backbenches. Two years later he became a member of Monaghan County Council, serving on that authority until 1987.

In 1979 Jack Lynch suddenly resigned as Taoiseach and leader of Fianna Fáil. The subsequent leadership election resulted in a straight contest between Charles Haughey and George Colley. The latter had the backing of the majority of the existing cabinet, however, a backbench revolt saw Haughey become Taoiseach. O'Hanlon supported Colley and was thus overlooked for appointment to the new ministerial and junior ministerial positions. In spite of this he did become a member of the powerful Public Accounts Committee in the Oireachtas.

When Fianna Fáil returned to power after a short-lived Fine Gael-Labour Party government in 1982, O'Hanlon was once again overlooked for ministerial promotion. An extensive cabinet reshuffle towards the end of the year saw O'Hanlon become Minister of State for Social Welfare Payments. His tenure was short-lived as the government fell a few weeks later and Fianna Fáil were out of power.

Government minister[edit]

In early 1983, Charles Haughey announced a new front bench and O'Hanlon was promoted to the position of spokesperson on Health and Social Welfare.

Following the 1987 general election, Fianna Fáil were back in power, albeit with a minority government, and O'Hanlon became Minister for Health. Immediately after taking office, he was confronted with a number of controversial issues, including the resolution of a radiographers' dispute and the formation of an HIV/AIDS awareness campaign. While Fianna Fáil campaigned on a platform of not introducing any public spending cuts, the party committed a complete u-turn once in government. The savage cuts in relation to healthcare earned O'Hanlon the nickname "Dr. Death". In spite of earning this reputation, O'Hanlon also introduced law to curb smoking in public places.

O'Hanlon's handling of the Department of Health meant that he was one of the names tipped for promotion as a result of Ray MacSharry departure as Minister for Finance. In the end, he was retained as Minister for Health and was disappointed not to be given a new portfolio following the 1989 general election.

In 1991, O'Hanlon became Minister for the Environment following Albert Reynolds' failed leadership challenge against Charles Haughey.

When Reynolds eventually came to power in 1992, O'Hanlon was just one of several high-profile members of the cabinet who lost their ministerial positions.

Post-cabinet career[edit]

In 1995, O'Hanlon became chairman of the Fianna Fáil parliamentary party before being elected Leas-Cheann Comhairle (Deputy Chairman) of Dáil Éireann in 1997. Following the 2002 general election, O'Hanlon became Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann. In this position, he was required to remain neutral and, as such, he was no longer classed as a representative of any political party. He was an active chairman of the Dáil; however, on occasion, he was criticised, most notably by Labour's Pat Rabbitte, for allegedly stifling debate and being overly protective of the government. Following the 2007 general election, he was succeeded as Ceann Comhairle by John O'Donoghue. He was the Vice-Chairman of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on Foreign Affairs.

He retired from politics at the 2011 general election.[4]

Private life[edit]

Two of O'Hanlon's children have served as local politicians in Cavan–Monaghan, a son Shane is a former member of Monaghan County Council and a daughter Fiona O'Hea served one term on Cootehill Town Council while the Sinn Féin TD Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin, is also a relation of O'Hanlon. O'Hanlon is also the father of the well-known comedian Ardal O'Hanlon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dr. Rory O'Hanlon". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 13 October 2009. 
  2. ^ "Biography of Rory O'Hanlon". Rory O'Hanlon. 27 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Rory O'Hanlon". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 13 October 2009. 
  4. ^ "FF's O'Hanlon will not contest seat at Election". Irish Examiner. 30 November 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
Oireachtas
New constituency Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála for Cavan–Monaghan
1977–2011
Succeeded by
Joe O'Reilly
(Fine Gael)
Political offices
Preceded by
Denis Gallagher
Minister of State for Social Welfare Claims
1982
Succeeded by
Fergus O'Brien
Preceded by
John Boland
Minister for Health
1987–1991
Succeeded by
Mary O'Rourke
Preceded by
John Wilson
(acting)
Minister for the Environment
1991–1992
Succeeded by
Michael Smith
Preceded by
Joe Jacob
Leas-Cheann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann
1997–2002
Succeeded by
Séamus Pattison
Preceded by
Séamus Pattison
Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann
2002–2007
Succeeded by
John O'Donoghue
Party political offices
Preceded by
Joe Jacob
Chairman of the Fianna Fáil Parliamentary Party
1995–2002
Succeeded by
Séamus Kirk