Rosa 'American Beauty'
|Rosa 'American Beauty'|
|Hybrid parentage||Rosa hybrid|
|Origin||Bred by Henri Lédéchaux, France 1875|
'American Beauty' is a hybrid perpetual rose, bred in France in 1875, and originally named 'Madame Ferdinand Jamin'. The cup-shaped flowers, which are deep pink and strongly scented, are situated on long stiff stems. They appear in flushes over a long period. The height of the shrub ranges between 90 and 200 cm.
In 1875 it was brought to the United States by George Valentine Nash. It was introduced as a new rose cultivar named 'American Beauty' by Bancroft and Field Bros in 1886, but quite soon identified as 'Madame Ferdinand Jamin'. In 1888, Bassett & Washburn first introduced the rose to other florists for purchase. It became a famous greenhouse variety and was the best selling rose cultivar in the United States until the 1920s. Due to its high price per stem (at least two dollars per stem right from its launch in 1886) and its popularity, the cultivar was called the million-dollar rose. 
The flower is commemorated in the Joseph Lamb ragtime composition "American Beauty Rag". It makes repeated appearances in the 1999 film American Beauty. It was also featured on the cover of the Grateful Dead album American Beauty.
It is the official flower of the District of Columbia.
It is also the official flower of the Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity, Mu Beta Psi Fraternity, Phi Sigma Sigma Sorority, Tau Beta Sigma Sorority, Beta Beta Beta (a coed academic fraternity for biology majors), and Alpha Rho Omega Sorority.
In 1943, the American Beauty Rose was adopted as the formal symbol of the upscale Lord & Taylor store chain.
- "American Beauty". HelpMeFind.com Roses. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
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