Rosa 'American Beauty'
|Rosa 'American Beauty'|
|Hybrid parentage||Rosa hybrid|
|Cultivar group||Hybrid Perpetual|
|Marketing names||'Mme Ferdinand Jamin'|
'American Beauty' is a deep pink rose cultivar, bred by Henri Lédéchaux in France in 1875, and originally named 'Madame Ferdinand Jamin'. The hybrid perpetual has cup-shaped flowers with a brilliant crimson colour and up to 50 petals, situated on long stiff stems. The buds are thick and globular and open to strongly scented flowers with a diameter of 11 cm. They appear in flushes over a long period, but according to the RHS Encyclopedia of Roses, only sparingly. The height of the upright, vigorous shrub ranges between 90 and 200 cm at an average width of 125 cm. 'American Beauty' has prickly shoots, dark green foliage and is winter hardy up to -29 °C (USDA zone 5), but is susceptible to the fungi diseases mildew, rust and black spot. It can be grown solitary or in groups, and is well suited as cut flowers.
In 1875 it was brought to the United States by George Valentine Nash. It was introduced as a new rose cultivar named 'American Beauty' by Bancroft and Field Bros in 1886, but quite soon identified as 'Madame Ferdinand Jamin'. In 1888, Bassett & Washburn first introduced the rose to other florists for purchase. It became a famous greenhouse variety and was the best selling rose cultivar in the United States until the 1920s. Due to its high price per stem (at least two dollars per stem right from its launch in 1886) and its popularity, the cultivar was called the million-dollar rose. Interestingly, its popularity remained focused on the United States, while it is only rarely cultivated in other countries.
The flower is commemorated in the Joseph Lamb ragtime composition "American Beauty Rag". It makes repeated appearances in the 1999 film American Beauty. It was also featured on the cover of the Grateful Dead album American Beauty.
'American Beauty' is the official flower of the District of Columbia. It was further adopted as the formal symbol of the upscale Lord & Taylor store chain in 1943, and as the official flower of sSeveral fraternities and sororities (Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity, Mu Beta Psi Fraternity, Phi Sigma Sigma Sorority, Tau Beta Sigma Sorority, Beta Beta Beta, a coed academic fraternity for biology majors, and Alpha Rho Omega Sorority).
- "American Beauty". HelpMeFind.com Roses. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
- Charles and Brigid Quest-Ritson (2010). Rosen - die große Enzyklopädie [RHS Encyclopedia of Roses] (in German). Dorling Kindersley. p. 130. ISBN 978-3-8310-1734-8.
- Bauer, Ute; Grothe, Bärbel (2010). Quickfinder Rosen [Quickfinder Roses] (in German). Gräfe und Unzer. p. 35. ISBN 978-3-8338-1726-7.