Rosa Maltoni or Rosa Maltoni-Mussolini (1858-1905) was the mother of Italian Fascist founder and leader Benito Mussolini. Maltoni was a devoutly Catholic schoolteacher who married Alessandro Mussolini. After Benito, Rosa had two more children, Arnaldo and Edvige. She died of meningitis in 1905.
Mussolini was reportedly very attached to his mother, and during the Fascist period, Rosa came to represent the ideal Italian woman. On June 17, 1930, a ceremony was held to honor her as a "great educator and glorious mother."
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