Rosa Maltoni

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Rosa Maltoni

Rosa Mussolini (née Maltoni; 1858-1905)[1] was the mother of Italian Fascist founder and leader Benito Mussolini. Maltoni was a devoutly Catholic schoolteacher who married Alessandro Mussolini.[2] After Benito, Rosa had two more children, Arnaldo and Edvige. She died of meningitis in 1905.[1]

Mussolini was reportedly very attached to his mother, and during the Fascist period, Rosa came to represent the ideal Italian woman.[3][4][5][6] On June 17, 1930, a ceremony was held to honor her as a "great educator and glorious mother."[5]


  1. ^ a b De Giorgi, Valentina (2004). Mussolini. Glorie e disonori del primo Novecento italiano. Alpha Test. 
  2. ^ Roberts, Jeremy. Benito Mussolini. A & E; Twenty-First Century Books, 2006. Pp. 10.
  3. ^ Borneman, John (2004). Death of the father: an anthropology of the end in political authority. Berghahn Books. p. 41. 
  4. ^ Mangan, J.A.; Fan Hong (2001). Freeing the female body: inspirational icons. Psychology Press. p. 185. 
  5. ^ a b Ongaro, Ercole (2006). Il lodigiano nel Novecento. La cultura. FrancoAngeli. p. 100. 
  6. ^ Dittrich-Johansen, Helga (Jul–Sep 1995). "La "Donna nuova" di Mussolini tra evasione e consumismo". Studi Storici 36 (3): 821.