Rosa chinensis

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Rosa chinensis
A double-flowered cultivar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rosa
Species: R. chinensis
Binomial name
Rosa chinensis
Jacq.

Rosa chinensis (Chinese name:月季, pinyin: yueji), known commonly as the China Rose, is a member of the genus Rosa native to Southwest China in Guizhou, Hubei, and Sichuan Provinces.

It is a shrub growing to 1–2 m tall. The leaves are pinnate, have 3-5 leaflets, each leaflet 2.5–6 cm long and 1–3 cm broad. In the wild species (sometimes listed as Rosa chinensis var. spontanea), the flowers have five pink to red petals. The fruit is a red hip 1–2 cm diameter.

Uses[edit]

The species is extensively cultivated in China as an ornamental plant; numerous cultivars have been selected, with varying flower colour and usually an increased number of petals (semi-double or double flowers). The species is also important in the breeding of many modern garden roses, including the Hybrid Tea roses.

The flowers and fruits are used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of irregular and/or painful menstruation,[citation needed] as well as swollen thyroid.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]