Rosa persica

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Not to be confused with Rosa foetida 'Persiana'.
Rosa persica
Rosa persica; Baikonur 01.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rosa
Species: R. persica
Binomial name
Rosa persica
J.F.Gmel.
Synonyms [1][2]

Rosa persica is an anomalous species of rose that at one time was placed in a separate genus Hulthemia. It is native to deserts and steppes from Iran and Afghanistan in the south, through Central Asia, to western Siberia in the north.[3] Its distinctive characteristics include a simple leaf without stipules (most rose leaves are pinnate with 3 to 7 leaflets, and have stipules), and a distinctive flower with a darker coloured central zone. In its natural habitat it is a deep-rooted weed that suckers - growing in Iranian fields for example, where it is collected for fuel once the grain crop has been harvested[4] - but it is difficult to grow in gardens and rarely cultivated.

Rosa berberifolia is sometimes considered to be variety of this species, as R. persica var. berberifolia.

Hybrids[edit]

Rosa persica can hybridise with other rose species,[5] and these hybrids have in the past been known as the hybrid genus ×Hulthemosa. One of the few ×Hulthemosa cultivars commercially available is 'Alissar, Princess of Phoenicia' (also known as 'Harsidon').[6] In the spring of 2012, rose hybridizer Jim Sproul released a new line of Hulthemia hybrids known as Eyeconics, the culmination of fifteen years of effort on his part.[7]

The yellow colour in cultivated roses is not generally derived from this species, but from other yellow-flowered wild roses.

Similar species[edit]

Other species of yellow-flowered roses include:[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network entry for Rosa persica
  2. ^ USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network entry for Hulthemia
  3. ^ a b Phillips, R.; Rix, M. 1988. The Random House Book of Roses. Random House, New York.
  4. ^ Phillips R. and Rix, M., Roses, Macmillan, 1994, p19
  5. ^ Jack Harkness "Breeding with Hulthemia persica (Rosa persica)", American Rose Annual 1977
  6. ^ HelpMeFind.com listing for rose cultivar 'Alissar, Princess of Phoenicia'
  7. ^ Hunt, Lynn. "A Closer Look at the New Eyeconic Roses". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved March 21, 2013. 

External links[edit]