Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science

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Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science
Rosalind Franklin University Logo 2012.jpg
Motto Life in Discovery (Vita In Inventione)
Established Predecessors established 1912.
Type Private
President K. Michael Welch, MB, ChB, FRCP
Academic staff 989
Location North Chicago, Illinois, USA
Campus Urban, 97 acres
Website www.rosalindfranklin.edu

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science (RFUMS) is a non-profit, private graduate school located in North Chicago, Illinois. It has 2,000 students in five schools: the Chicago Medical School, the College of Health Professions, the College of Pharmacy, the School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies and the Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine.

The university is named for Rosalind Franklin, the DNA crystallographer. Photo 51, her X-ray diffraction pattern for B-DNA, was pivotal in the history of biology in the twentieth century, and this photograph is the basis for the university's seal.

The university offers over 29 study programs in graduate health-related subjects, including PhD programs for medical and basic research.[1]

It is located to the west of the Naval Station Great Lakes and to the south of the Captain James A. Lovell Federal Health Care Center.

History[edit]

The precursor of RFUMS, then known as The Chicago Hospital-College of Medicine, was founded in Chicago in 1912. A group of physicians and community leaders formed a non-profit school to serve those medical students who were able to attend only at night. William Dorland, editor of the well-known medical dictionary bearing his name, was dean of the School for a time.

The School had its most noteworthy period of development under the direction of Dr. John J. Sheinin, who served as dean and president from 1932 to 1966. The institution successfully met the challenges arising from the restructuring of American medical education following the Flexner Report, a time period in which more than half of all American medical schools merged or closed. In 1930, the School, by then known as the Chicago Medical School, moved to what would become one of the world’s largest aggregations of medical facilities. Located in downtown Chicago, this complex contained two undergraduate universities, three medical schools, seven hospitals, and colleges of dentistry, pharmacy, and nursing.

From the beginning, the leaders of the Chicago Medical School rejected the use of quotas to limit minority enrollment, believing that only a student's merit should play a role in the admissions process.[2] Enrollment more than doubled during the Great Depression. The school became a refuge for Jewish researchers and faculty, recruited in great numbers as they fled Nazi Europe beginning in the late 1930s, and it continued to provide a haven for refugee physicians from Europe after World War II began in 1939.

1967 marked the formation of the University of Health Sciences/Chicago Medical School (UHS/CMS). The University of Health Sciences was designed to build teams of health professionals, bringing diagnostic, supportive, and investigative functions of medicine together in one setting. In 1968, the University of Health Sciences established the School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, followed by the School of Related Health Sciences (now the College of Health Professions) in 1970.

The University of Health Sciences was one of the first schools in the country committed to developing integrated educational programs for physicians and related health professionals. This educational model, conceived by Dr. A. Nichols Taylor, president of Chicago Medical School, and funded largely through the efforts of board chairman Herman M. Finch, brought together diagnostic, supportive and investigative functions of medicine in one setting.[3]

In 1980, the University moved from Chicago to its current location at 3333 Green Bay Road in North Chicago. A centerpiece of the campus was and remains the Otto L. and Hazel T. Rhoades Auditorium. The University was renamed for its chairman, Herman M. Finch, in 1993 as the Herman M. Finch University of Health Sciences. The Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine, joined Finch University in 2001. In 2004, the University was again renamed, this time to Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, in honor of Dr. Rosalind Franklin, whose work with X-ray crystallography provided the data and scientific basis for description of the structure of DNA, the single most important advance of modern biology. The name of the School of Related Health Sciences was changed to the College of Health Professions at this time as well.

In October 2002, the University opened its new Health Sciences Building, a 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) facility that houses laboratories, auditoriums, classrooms, a student union, bookstore and the Feet First Museum. In July 2003, the University opened its first phase of student housing, making the institution a residential campus for the first time in its history. In the summer of 2003, the University completed two new facilities designed to provide the latest in medical technology to students. The Education and Evaluation Center and the John J. Sheinin, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., Gross Anatomy Laboratory provide state-of-the-art equipment and multimedia resources by which students participate in invaluable training. These facilities promote the use of integrated technologies and novel approaches to the study of human anatomy, to the practice of physical examination, and to the art of taking a patient history.[4]

In 2011, the university opened a new College of Pharmacy housed in a 23,000 square-foot, three story building known as the William J. and Elizabeth L. Morningstar Interprofessional Education Center.

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science is an interprofessional health sciences University. Facilities include a multi-media laboratory, virtual microscopy lab and the Education and Evaluation Center with high tech opportunities for education and research.[5]

The University has seen massive construction projects to its physical plant in the past few years, including the opening of the Rothstein Warden Centennial Learning Center in late 2013, and then in 2014 the DeWitt C. Baldwin Institute of Interprofessional Education, the Margot A. Surridge Student Welcome Center, as well as many new and renovated offices. A statue of namesake Rosalind Franklin was also unveiled in front of the school in May 2014; in attendance were the niece and nephew of Dr. Rosalind Franklin.

Schools[edit]

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, front lawn near Green Bay Road, North Chicago, Illinois

Chicago Medical School[edit]

The Chicago Medical School (CMS), founded in 1912, confers clinical degrees. The entering class each year is approximately 190 students. During the first two years, students enrolled at CMS study a core of basic sciences that include Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Anatomy and many more. The students then transition to clinical experiences for their third and fourth years. CMS students have completed rotations in Anesthesiology, Emergency Medicine, Neurology, OB/GYN, Pediatrics, Surgery and many other specialties. Upon completion of coursework students are awarded a Doctorate of Medicine (MD).

The Chicago Medical School has had accreditation issues starting in 2004 [6] and again in 2013,[7] where it was placed on probation by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education. In February 2014, the LCME determined that the school's areas of concern are no longer in non-compliance.[8] The LCME is the major accrediting body for educational programs at medical schools in the United States and Canada.

College of Health Professions[edit]

The College of Health professions (CHP) was founded as the School of Related Health Sciences in 1970 and took on its present name in 2004. It is a professional school which offers masters and doctoral programs in Interprofessional Healthcare Studies, Nurse Anesthesia, Nutrition, Pathologists' Assistant, Doctor of Physical Therapy, Physician Assistant, and Psychology. It also has a Biomedical Sciences program, which is a pre-professional masters program covering pre-med type credits for students seeking admission to medical school or advanced standing.

Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine[edit]

Rosalind Franklin University has a school of podiatry, named the Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine. It was founded by William Scholl in 1912. The schools merged in 2001. Scholl College's program is closely integrated with CMS and other colleges at Rosalind Franklin. Scholl College students participate in multiple rounds including ER, infectious diseases, surgery and internal medicine.

Scholl College is an international leader in podiatric research. The Center for Lower Extremity Ambulatory Research (CLEAR) at Rosalind Franklin conducts research with a special emphasis on the diabetic foot and limb preservation. In 2005 Scholl College and Advocate Medical Group established the National Center for Limb Preservation at Advocate Lutheran General Hospital in Park Ridge, Illinois.

The campus has a podiatric museum, named Feet First, dedicated to Dr. William Mathias Scholl.

School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies[edit]

In addition, Rosalind Franklin University has a School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies (SGPS). The school offers several programs including interdisciplinary graduate programs in biomedical sciences as well as combined MD/PhDs and DPM/PhDs.

College of Pharmacy[edit]

The College of Pharmacy (COP) confers a rigorous and challenging four-year PharmD degree preparing students to be Doctor's of Pharmacy. Students may then do PGY residency to specialize in an area in which they are interested in. The College of Pharmacy (COP) provides an outstanding pharmacy education for its students. Students prepare to be successful pharmacists who practice in a variety of settings.

The pharmacist is the medication expert on the healthcare team. They counsel patients on medication use, provide treatment recommendations to the health care team, and supervise the medication dispensing process. The faculty members are dedicated to teaching pharmacy students to become lifelong learners and make a difference in the lives of their patients. In addition to teaching, most faculty are also practicing pharmacists in many specialized areas of pharmacy practice, including cardiology, emergency care, critical care, oncology, infectious diseases, psychiatric care, ambulatory care, and many others. Most faculty are board certified in their areas of specialization.

The pharmacy curriculum includes four types of teaching environments. Students attend lectures provided by faculty with clinical and scientific expertise, who provide real-life examples to illustrate concepts. Courses also may include workshops where students work in small groups to solve problems and discuss patient cases, using technology to access current treatment guidelines. Some courses include labs where students practice formulating unique drug dosage forms or practice patient care in simulated environments.

Students also participate in experiential courses. These courses begin in the first year and are required throughout the program. Experiential courses are often referred to as rotations and require students to practice pharmacy in the "real world" under the supervision of clinical faculty, referred to as preceptors.

The College of Pharmacy partners with the best medical centers, clinics and community pharmacies in the Chicago and Wisconsin metropolitan areas to provide rotations. Summer breaks after the first and second professional years offer more opportunities to build students' pharmacy resume before graduation. Most take advantage of this time to participate in various pharmacy internship positions or gain valuable research experience.

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