||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (March 2013)|
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) (Russian: Росатом), is a state corporation (non-profit organization) in Russia, established in 2007, the regulatory body of the Russian nuclear complex. It is headquartered in Moscow. Rosatom is the only vendor in the world able to offer the nuclear industry’s entire range of products and services.
The Ministry for Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (Russian: Министерство по атомной энергии Российской Федерации), or MinAtom (МинАтом), was established on January 29, 1992 as a successor of the Ministry of Nuclear Engineering and Industry of the USSR. It was reorganized as the Federal Agency on Atomic Energy on March 9, 2004. According to the law adopted by the Russian parliament in November 2007, and signed by the President Putin in early December, the agency was transformed to a Russian state corporation.
Rosatom controls nuclear power holding Atomenergoprom, nuclear weapons companies, research institutes and nuclear and radiation safety agencies. It also represents Russia in the world in the field of peaceful use of nuclear energy and protection of the non-proliferation regime. Rosatom manages the Russian fleet of nuclear icebreakers through Atomflot.
Rosatom is currently holding 37% of newly built nuclear reactors worldwide. Fennovoima, an electricity company in Finland, announced in September 2013 that it had chosen the Rosatom AES-2006 pressurized water reactor for a proposed power-generating station in Pyhäjoki, Finland. The construction contact is estimated to be worth 6.4 billion euros.
On 11th of November 2014 head of Rosatom Sergey Kiriyenko and head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi have signed a Protocol to Russian-Iranian Intergovernmental Agreement of 1992, according to which the sides will cooperate in construction of eight power generating units with VVER reactors. Four of these reactors are planned to be constructed for the second construction phase of Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant and four of them will be constructed on another site.
Rosatom received $66.5 billion of foreign orders in 2012, including $28.9bn for nuclear plant construction, $24.7bn for uranium products and $12.9bn for nuclear fuel exports and associated activities.
International NPP projects in the Russian nuclear industry
|Vietnam||Ninh Thuan 1-1/2||VVER-1000/428||Under Construction|
|Ninh Thuan 1-3/4||VVER-1000/428||negotiation|
|Hungary||Paks-5/6||VVER-1200||Deal signed. Construction planned from 2018. |
The first and current head of Rosatom is Sergei Kiriyenko.
- Ministry of Medium Machine Building of the USSR, Soviet ministry in charge of civil nuclear activities in the USSR
- Nuclear power in Russia
- Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics
- Institute for High Energy Physics
- Atomenergoprom, civil nuclear activities including Tekhsnabexport (fuel/uranium exporter), Energoatom
- Energy policy of Russia
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- "Rosatom aims for $72bn in foreign orders for 2013". Nuclear Engineering International. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.