Plowboy grain elevator in Roscoe
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Elevation ||2,388 ft (728 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Website||Handbook of Texas|
Roscoe is a town near the intersection of Interstate 20 and US Highway 84 in Nolan County in the U.S. state of Texas. The Union Pacific Railroad passes through the center of town. Another rail line, the Roscoe, Snyder and Pacific Railway (RS&P), used to extend 50 miles (80 km) from Roscoe to Fluvanna, passing through Snyder, Texas. Built in 1908, the railway served as a bridge between the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Texas and Pacific Railway. Although the RS&P became one of the most profitable short lines in the nation during its early years, passenger service was discontinued in 1953, freight service was discontinued in the late 1970s, and the tracks were removed in 1984.
Roscoe is located at (32.4459520 -100.5387184).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all of it land. The population was 1,378 at the 2000 census, but has since decreased to only 900.
As of the census of 2000, 1,380 people, 509 households, and 382 families resided in the city. The population density is 728.1 people per square mile (281.5/km²). There were 588 housing units at an average density of 310.7/sq mi (120.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city were 75.18% White, 1.09% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 20.17% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 36.94% of the population.
Of 509 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were not families. About 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town, the population was distributed as 28.2% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $23,816, and for a family was $28,393. Males had a median income of $25,313 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,792. About 20.6% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.
The Roscoe Wind Farm owned and operated by E.ON Climate & Renewables is one of the world's largest capacity wind farms with 634 wind turbines and a total installed capacity of 781.5 MW. At the time of its completion, it was the largest wind farm in the world, surpassing the nearby 735.5 MW Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center. In 2012, it was overtaken by California's 1,020 MW Alta Wind Energy Center. The project cost more than $1 billion and provides enough power for more than 250,000 average Texan homes. A landowner can earn between $500 and $1,000 per windmill per year.
The City of Roscoe is served by the Roscoe Independent School District (ISD). The recent wind development in the area has enabled Roscoe ISD to update its aging facilities built in the era of the Works Progress Administration. In the 2012–13 school year, all of the district's students will be in new or updated buildings. Roscoe ISD operates one of 50 Early College High Schools in Texas in partnership with Western Texas College in Snyder. Students of Roscoe Collegiate High School have the ability to earn an associate's degree from Western Texas College at the time of high school graduation. The mascot of Roscoe Collegiate High School is the Rplow.
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- "Roscoe". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- William R. Hunt, " Roscoe, TX," Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hjr13, accessed January 15, 2012, Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
- Climate Summary for Roscoe, Texas
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Window of Change Blow into Roscoe, Texas, John Burnett, NPR, November 27, 2007.
- City of Roscoe website
- Roscoe, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Roscoe, TX
- Photos of West Texas