Rose Mary Woods
|Rose Mary Woods|
|Woods demonstrates the "Rose Mary Stretch", a gesticulation that purportedly led to the erasure of five-plus minutes of the Watergate tapes.|
|Personal Secretary to the President|
January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974
|Appointed by||Richard Nixon|
|Preceded by||Gerri Whittington|
|Succeeded by||Dorothy E. Downton|
|Born||December 26, 1917
|Died||January 22, 2005
Rose Mary Woods (December 26, 1917 – January 22, 2005) was Richard Nixon's secretary from his days in Congress in 1951, through the end of his political career. Before H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman became the operators of Nixon's presidential campaign, Woods was Nixon's gatekeeper.
Early life and connection to Nixon
Rose Mary Woods was born in northeastern Ohio in the small pottery town of Sebring on December 26, 1917. Following graduation from McKinley High School, she went to work for Royal China, Inc., the city's largest employer. Woods had been engaged to marry, but her fiance died during World War II. To escape all the memories of her hometown she moved to Washington, D.C., in 1943, working in a variety of federal offices until she met Nixon while she was a secretary to the Select House Committee on Foreign Aid. Impressed by his neatness and efficiency, she accepted his job offer in 1951.
Secretary to the President
Woods was President Nixon's personal secretary, the same position she held from the time he hired her until the end of his lengthy political career.
Fiercely loyal to Nixon, Woods claimed responsibility in a 1974 grand jury testimony for inadvertently erasing up to five minutes of the 181⁄2 minute gap in a June 20, 1972, audio tape. Her demonstration of how this might have occurred – which depended upon her stretching to simultaneously press controls several feet apart (what the press dubbed the "Rose Mary Stretch") – was met with skepticism from those who believed the erasures, from whatever source, to be deliberate. The contents of the gap remain a mystery.
- Wilkinson, Francis (2005-12-25), Nixon's Real Enforcer, New York Times, retrieved 2008-10-08
- Rose Mary Woods, Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, retrieved 2012-04-26
- Sullivan, Patricia (2005-01-24), Rose Mary Woods Dies; Loyal Nixon Secretary, Washington Post, retrieved 2008-10-08
- The Watergate Files - Battle for the Tapes: July 1973 - November 1973, Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library
- Shenon, Philip (2005-01-24), Rose Mary Woods, 87, Nixon Loyalist for Decades, Dies, New York Times, retrieved 2008-10-08