Rose Royce

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Rose Royce
RoseRoyceCollage-1000.jpg
Rose Royce in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort in Santa Ynez, California in 2005
Background information
Origin Los Angeles, California, United States
Genres Soul, R&B, Disco, Funk
Years active 1973–present
Labels Whitfield, Epic, Streetwave, Omni
Associated acts Yvonne Fair
The Undisputed Truth
Website rose-royce.com
Members Gwen Dickey (aka Rose Norwalt)
Kenny Copeland
Kenji Brown
Lequeint "Duke" Jobe
Victor Nix
Henry Garner
Freddie Dunn
Michael Moore
Terry Santiel
Michael Nash

Rose Royce is an American soul and R&B group. They are best known for several hit singles during the 1970s including "Car Wash," "I Wanna Get Next to You," "I'm Going Down", "Wishing on a Star", and "Love Don't Live Here Anymore".

Career[edit]

The Los Angeles-based group originally comprised Henry Garner (drums), Terral "Terry" Santiel (congas), Lequeint "Duke" Jobe (bass), Michael Moore (saxophone), Kenny Copeland (trumpet, lead vocals), Kenji Brown (guitar, lead vocals), Freddie Dunn (trumpet), and Victor Nix (keyboards). The group began in the early 1970s, when members of several backup bands from the Watts and Inglewood areas of Los Angeles united under the name Total Concept Unlimited. In 1973, this collective toured England and Japan behind Motown soul star Edwin Starr. Starr introduced them to Norman Whitfield, Motown's 'psychedelic shaman' who was responsible for bringing a progressive funk-rock slant to the company, via such productions as Starr's "War", The Undisputed Truth's "Smiling Faces Sometimes" and The Temptations' "Papa Was A Rolling Stone".[1]

Whitfield, after a decade at Motown, wanted to start a company of his own. He took the T.C.U. octet under his wing and signed them to his label. The group, now called Magic Wand, began working with Yvonne Fair and became the studio and concert band for The Undisputed Truth. During a tour stop in Miami, Undisputed Truth leader Joe Harris stumbled upon a singer named Gwen Dickey, then a member of a local group called The Jewels. Harris informed Whitfield of his discovery and Dickey was flown to Los Angeles to audition. In Dickey, Whitfield found the ingredient he felt was missing in Magic Wand: a charismatic female singer. He gave her the stage name Rose Norwalt. The original band lineup, now complete, prepared their debut album.

During this time Whitfield was contacted by film director Michael Schultz, fresh from the success of his first feature, Cooley High. Schultz offered Whitfield the opportunity to score his next picture, Car Wash. Whitfield would utilize the film to launch his new group, and began composing music based on script outlines. He and the band visited the film set, soaking up the atmosphere. This was one of the rare instances in Hollywood in which the music was composed concurrently with the picture instead of after the fact. In the spirit of the soundtrack, the band's name was changed one final time to 'Rose Royce'. The name not only referenced the movie's automotive theme, but it also placed Gwen "Rose" Dickey front and center. Further, it hinted at a touch of class the band strove to bring to 1970s soul-funk.[2]

The movie Car Wash and the soundtrack were great successes, bringing the group national fame. Whitfield won the Best Music award at the Cannes Film Festival, and the album received the Grammy for Best Motion Picture Score Album of the Year. Released in late 1976, the soundtrack featured three Billboard R&B Top Ten singles: "Car Wash," "I Wanna Get Next to You," and "I'm Going Down." The first of these was also a number one single on the Billboard popular music charts, and "I Wanna Get Next to You" reached number ten.

The group's follow-up album, Rose Royce II: In Full Bloom, produced two Top Ten singles, "Do Your Dance" and "Ooh Boy". It also included "Wishing on a Star", which for Rose Royce was a top-10 hit only in the UK; it became notable elsewhere through its cover versions, including The Cover Girls' Top Ten single in 1992.

During 1978, they released their third album, entitled Rose Royce III: Strikes Again!, and it featured "I'm in Love (And I Love the Feeling)" and "Love Don't Live Here Anymore". Both singles entered the Billboard R&B Top Five. "Love Don't Live Here Anymore" also gained greater exposure through its cover versions, most notably by Madonna in 1984 and 1995.

The group followed with a series of modest successes that reached the charts, but never gained the status that their previous songs did. Dickey left the group in April 1980 and the band temporarily disbanded.[3] However, the remaining members regrouped, adjusted the line-up, and kept the group somewhat popular in the UK, where they remained a marquee attraction.

Rose Royce was featured in the TV One's seasonal series, Unsung during the spring of 2010. The story featured the successes and internal bickering of the group. Dickey, Copeland, Jobe, Moore and Garner were the only members of the band who gave interviews throughout the program. Dickey now performs as a solo artist in the UK, but mentioned during the interview that she would not mind performing with the group once again.

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications Record label
US
[4]
US
R&B

[4]
AUS
[5]
CAN
[6]
NLD
[7]
NZ
[8]
UK
[9]
1977 Rose Royce II: In Full Bloom 9 1 16 18 Whitfield
1978 Rose Royce III: Strikes Again! 28 4 44 49 40 19 7
1979 Rose Royce IV: Rainbow Connection 74 22 72
1981 Golden Touch 160 30
Jump Street 210 12
1982 Stronger Than Ever 210 50 22 Epic
1984 Music Magic 69 Streetwave
1985 The Show Must Go On
1986 Fresh Cut 50 Omni
1989 Perfect Lover
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Soundtrack albums[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications Record label
US
[4]
US
R&B

[4]
AUS
[5]
CAN
[6]
NZ
[8]
UK
[9]
1976 Car Wash: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack 14 2 40 1 14 59 MCA

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Title Peak positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
Record label
US
[4]
UK
[9]
1980 Greatest Hits 204 1 Whitfield
1987 The Best of Rose Royce Omni
2001 The Very Best of Rose Royce Rhino
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Singles[edit]

Year Title Peak chart Positions Certifications
US
[12]
US
R&B

[12]
US
Dan

[12]
AUS
[5]
BEL
[13]
CAN
[6]
IRE
[14]
NLD
[7]
NZ
[8]
UK
[9]
1976 "Car Wash" 1 1 3 12 9 1 20 5 5 9
1977 "Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is" 22 44
"I Wanna Get Next to You" 10 3 53 27 14 6 14
"I'm Going Down" 70 10 58
"Do Your Dance (Part 1)" 39 4 20 66 30
"Ooh Boy" 72 3 35 46
1978 "Wishing on a Star" 101 52 22 15 3
"It Makes You Feel Like Dancin'" 16
"I'm in Love (And I Love the Feeling)" 5 51
"Love Don't Live Here Anymore" 32 5 10 18 41 7 11 2 2
1979 "First Come, First Serve" 65 34
"Is It Love You're After" 105 31 23 17 42 13
"What You Waitin' For"
1980 "Pop Your Fingers" 60
"You're a Winner"
"Funkin' Around"
1981 "Golden Touch" 56
"I Wanna Make It with You"
"R.R. Express" 8 6 2 52
1982 "Best Love" 64 12 19
"Still in Love"
"You Blew It"
1984 "Magic Touch" 77 56
"Holding on to Love"
1985 "Love Me Right Now" 49 60
1986 "Doesn't Have to Be This Way" 22
1987 "Lonely Road" 45
"If Walls Could Talk" 69
1988 "Car Wash" / "Is It Love You're After" (re-release) 20
1989 "Perfect Lover"
1998 "Car Wash 1998" (featuring Gwen Dickey) 18
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Cover versions[edit]

In addition, Jay-Z recorded his own song, also called "Wishing on a Star", for which Gwen Dickey re-recorded some of her original lyrics and was credited as a featured artist. And the song "Theme from S-Express" by S-Express uses a substantial portion of "Is It Love You're After" as a sample.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Album notes by A. Scott Galloway, The Very Best of Rose Royce, 2001, Warner Bros.
  2. ^ A. Scott Galloway album notes The Very Best of Rose Royce 2001 Warner Bros
  3. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 341. CN 5585. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "US Albums Charts > Rose Royce". Billboard. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  5. ^ a b c David Kent (1993). Australian Charts Book 1970—1992. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, Turramurra, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  6. ^ a b c "CAN Charts > Rose Royce". RPM. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  7. ^ a b "NLD Charts > Rose Royce". MegaCharts. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  8. ^ a b c "NZ Charts > Rose Royce". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  9. ^ a b c d "UK Charts > Rose Royce". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  10. ^ a b c d "US Certifications > Rose Royce". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "UK Certified Awards Search > Rose Royce". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  12. ^ a b c "US Singles Charts >Rose Royce". Billboard. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  13. ^ "BEL Charts > Rose Royce". VRT Top 30. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  14. ^ "IRE Charts Search > Rose Royce". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  15. ^ "CAN Certifications > Rose Royce". Music Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  16. ^ Published Tuesday, Oct 11 2011, 23:34 BST (2011-10-11). "'X Factor' finalists to cover Rose Royce's 'Wishing on a Star' - X Factor News - Reality TV". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 

External links[edit]