Phragmidium

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Phragmidium
Phragmidium 0542.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Pucciniomycetes
Order: Pucciniales
Family: Phragmidiaceae
Genus: Phragmidium
Link (1815)
Type species
Phragmidium mucronatum
(Pers.) Schltdl. (1824)
Synonyms[1]

Ameris Arthur (1906)
Aregma Fr. (1815)
Earlea Arthur (1906)
Epitea Fr. (1832)
Frommea Arthur (1917)
Lecythea Lév. (1847)
Phragmidiopsis (G.Winter) Mussat (1901)
Phragmotelium Syd. (1921)
Physonema Lév. (1847)
Teloconia Syd. (1921)
Trolliomyces Ulbr. (1938)

Phragmidium is a genus of rust fungus that typically infects plant species in the Rosaceae. It is characterised by having stalked teliospores borne on telia each having a row of four or more cells. All species have a caeoma which is a diffuse aecidium lacking a peridium.[2]

There are a number of species of 'Phragmidium most of which are restricted to one or a few host species. Examples include:

Possible the most commonly encountered is P. mucronatum found on most species of wild roses including Rosa canina and Rosa arvensis[3]

Pathology[edit]

Roses infected with species of Phragmidium will show a characteristic orange mass of spores and distorted growth at specific locations on the bush. The rose may be substantially weakened and lack vigour and may die. Later in the year small black spots or raised areas will be visible which are telia containing overwintering teliospores.

Prevention[edit]

Rose growers recommend the use of fungicides[4] some of which may have health implications for the gardener.[5] Many cultivated roses are now bred to have resistance to rust diseases. In wild roses, Phragmidium infections are one of a normal range of pests and diseases which are part of the normal ecological pressures affecting all species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Phragmidium Link 1815". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  2. ^ Fungi. Lilian E Hawker, 1966, Hutchinson University Library
  3. ^ Henderson, Douglas M. (2001). A Checklist of Rust Fungi of the British Isles. British Mycological Society. ISBN 0-9527704-4-X. 
  4. ^ "Royal Horticultural Society Rose rust". Apps.rhs.org.uk. 2011-12-22. Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  5. ^ Fungicides: Chemistry, Environmental Impact and Health Effects, , Costa and Bezerra