Roseau County, Minnesota

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Roseau County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Roseau County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1894[1]
Named for Roseau Lake and Roseau River
Seat Roseau
Largest city Roseau
Area
 • Total 1,678.33 sq mi (4,347 km2)
 • Land 1,662.51 sq mi (4,306 km2)
 • Water 15.82 sq mi (41 km2), 0.94%
Population
 • (2010) 15,629
 • Density 10/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.roseau.mn.us

Roseau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,629.[2] Its county seat is Roseau.[3] It is south from the Canadian border of Manitoba.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,678.33 square miles (4,346.9 km2), of which 1,662.51 square miles (4,305.9 km2) (or 99.06%) is land and 15.82 square miles (41.0 km2) (or 0.94%) is water.[4] Roseau is one of 17 Minnesota savanna counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils.[5] Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information shows:Roseau County Pie Chart New Wiki Version.pdf

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

Roseau County was once the home of many Chippewa, Sioux, and Mandan tribes. Archeologists have found artifacts within the county belonging to these tribes that date back 7,200 years ago.[6]

Facts[edit]

  • Lutefisk was sent through the mail, often having to be stored in the Post Office until settlers would come to pick it up.
  • The first general election was held in 1888. 55 votes were polled and all but three were Republican.
  • The county sent men to war in every war the United States has been involved in, starting with the Spanish–American War in 1898.
  • There were eight newspapers in the county in 1907.
  • There were 139 automobiles in the county in 1915.
  • A 400 pound sturgeon was taken from the Roseau River and had to be hauled up the river bank by a team of horses.
  • The Roseau Lake was drained in the early 1900s because of a flood control project headed by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, but at one time it had a recorded depth of 50 feet deep. The lake remains drained today but does re-flood during a wet season when the Roseau River floods.

Information obtained from the Official City of Roseau History website.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 6,994
1910 11,338 62.1%
1920 13,305 17.3%
1930 12,621 −5.1%
1940 15,103 19.7%
1950 14,505 −4.0%
1960 12,154 −16.2%
1970 11,569 −4.8%
1980 12,574 8.7%
1990 15,026 19.5%
2000 16,338 8.7%
2010 15,629 −4.3%
Est. 2012 15,476 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000,[8] there were 16,338 people, 6,190 households, and 4,438 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 7,101 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.92% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 1.42% Native American, 1.73% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.0% were of Norwegian, 18.8% German and 10.7% Swedish ancestry.

There were 6,190 households out of which 38.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.80% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 105.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,852, and the median income for a family was $46,185. Males had a median income of $29,747 versus $23,630 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,053. About 4.60% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.

One of the airports in the county is Piney Pinecreek Border Airport, which extends into Canada.

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities Townships Unorganized Unincorporated
communities
Ghost town

† A small part of Roosevelt extends into Lake of the Woods County.

Politics[edit]

Election results from statewide races[9]
Year Office GOP DEM Others
2008 President 57.6% 40.2% 2.2%
Senator 57.5% 31.7% 10.8%
2006 Governor 56.2% 38.8% 5.0%
Senator 46.7% 49.4% 3.9%
2004 President 67.7% 30.9% 1.4%
2002 Governor 49.7% 42.5% 7.8%
Senator 55.7% 40.8% 3.5%
2000 President 65.5% 29.7% 4.8%
Senator 43.3% 48.8% 7.9%
1998 Governor 49.8% 31.2% 19.0%
1996 President 43.2% 39.9% 16.9%
Senator 54.6% 40.9% 4.5%
1994 Governor 59.8% 37.6% 2.6%
Senator 59.1% 36.6% 4.3%
1992 President 38.3% 32.2% 29.5%

When it comes to presidential elections, this county is the most reliable Republican county in the state. Here was John McCain's and George W. Bush's best performances in the state. Bush won here with over 65% of the vote twice. This was also one of the few counties in the state that George H. W. Bush won in 1992 and Bob Dole in 1996.

The county is less reliable for the Republican Party at the senatorial and gubernatorial levels. The Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party has won two senatorial elections here since 1992; independents do not perform here as well as the rest of the state. In 1998, Norm Coleman's best performance in the state was here where he won with almost 50% of the vote.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57-60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ Roseau History, Roseau, Minnesota. Accessed 2008-05-17.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°46′N 95°48′W / 48.77°N 95.80°W / 48.77; -95.80