Roselle, New Jersey

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Roselle, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Roselle
Map of Roselle in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Roselle in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Roselle, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Roselle, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°39′08″N 74°15′37″W / 40.652211°N 74.260158°W / 40.652211; -74.260158Coordinates: 40°39′08″N 74°15′37″W / 40.652211°N 74.260158°W / 40.652211; -74.260158[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated December 20, 1894
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Jamel Holley (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator David G. Brown, II[4]
 • Clerk Rhona C. Bluestein[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 2.664 sq mi (6.899 km2)
 • Land 2.651 sq mi (6.866 km2)
 • Water 0.013 sq mi (0.033 km2)  0.47%
Area rank 365th of 566 in state
16th of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 56 ft (17 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 21,085
 • Estimate (2012[12]) 21,299
 • Rank 123rd of 566 in state
11th of 21 in county[13]
 • Density 7,953.5/sq mi (3,070.9/km2)
 • Density rank 46th of 566 in state
5th of 21 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07203[14][15]
Area code(s) 908[16]
FIPS code 3403964620[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID 0885379[19][2]
Website www.boroughofroselle.com

Roselle is a Borough located in Union County in the state of New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 21,085,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 189 (-0.9%) from the 21,274 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 960 (+4.7%) from the 20,314 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

On January 19, 1883, the world's first electric lighting system employing overhead wires began service in Roselle, and was built by Thomas Edison to demonstrate that an entire community could be lit by electricity.[21] The First Presbyterian Church, located on the corner of West 5th Avenue and Chestnut Street, was the first church in the world to be lit by electricity.[22]

Roselle was incorporated on December 20, 1894, at the height of the Boroughitis phenomenon sweeping through New Jersey at the time, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier, from portions of Linden.[23]

Geography[edit]

Roselle is located at 40°39′08″N 74°15′37″W / 40.652211°N 74.260158°W / 40.652211; -74.260158 (40.652211,-74.260158). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.664 square miles (6.899 km2), of which, 2.651 square miles (6.866 km2) of it is land and 0.013 square miles (0.033 km2) of it (0.47%) is water.[2][1]

The borough is bordered by Roselle Park to the north, Elizabeth to the east, Linden to the south and Cranford to the west.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 996
1900 1,652 65.9%
1910 2,725 65.0%
1920 5,737 110.5%
1930 13,021 127.0%
1940 13,597 4.4%
1950 17,681 30.0%
1960 21,032 19.0%
1970 22,585 7.4%
1980 20,641 −8.6%
1990 20,314 −1.6%
2000 21,274 4.7%
2010 21,085 −0.9%
Est. 2012 21,299 [12] 1.0%
Population sources: 1890-1920[24] 1890-1910[25]
1900-1920[26] 1910-1930[27]
1930-1990[28] 2000[29][30] 2010[8][9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,085 people, 7,407 households, and 5,096 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,953.5 per square mile (3,070.9 /km2). There were 7,939 housing units at an average density of 2,994.7 per square mile (1,156.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 29.59% (6,240) White, 55.06% (11,610) Black or African American, 0.31% (65) Native American, 2.23% (471) Asian, 0.02% (5) Pacific Islander, 9.63% (2,030) from other races, and 3.15% (664) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 26.77% (5,644) of the population.[9]

There were 7,407 households, of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.44.[9]

In the borough, 23.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.0 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,041 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,948) and the median family income was $64,038 (+/- $4,495). Males had a median income of $40,163 (+/- $3,874) versus $36,210 (+/- $1,612) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,678 (+/- $1,130). About 7.5% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[31]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 21,274 people, 7,520 households, and 5,226 families residing in the borough. The population density was 8,048.8 people per square mile (3,111.3/km2). There were 7,870 housing units at an average density of 2,977.5 per square mile (1,151.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 51.32% African American,35.58% White, 0.31% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.07% from other races, and 3.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.11% of the population.[29][30]

There were 7,520 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.41.[29][30]

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.[29][30]

The median income for a household in the borough was $51,254, and the median income for a family was $58,841. Males had a median income of $37,604 versus $32,535 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,269. About 5.8% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Roselle is incorporated under the Borough system of municipal government. The governing body is the Borough Council which is made up of six members and a mayor. The mayor and council represent the borough at-large and are elected by the entire borough. The remaining five council members are elected from five wards, one from each ward in which the member resides. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[6]

Roselle has a "weak" mayor-council form of government in which the mayor has less control and the council more over fiscal operations and the appointment and removal of executive officers. The mayor has no vote except in case of a tie. The mayor can veto legislation, but the veto can be overridden by two-thirds vote of the council. A borough administrator, appointed by the Borough Council, tends to the day-to-day operations of the municipal government.

As of 2013, the Mayor of the Borough of Roselle is Jamel C. Holley (D, term of office expires on December 31, 2015). Member of the Roselle Borough Council are Council President Yves Francois Aubourg (Ward 1; D, 2014), Christine Dansereau (Council at Large; D, 2012), Ronald Hayman (Ward 2; D, 2015), Roy Locke (Ward 5; D, 2015), Randy T. Sandifer (Ward 3; D, 2014) and Kim Shaw (Ward 4; D, 2013).[32][33][34][35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Roselle is located in the 10th Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 20th state legislative district.[10][38][39]

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[43][44]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 20th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Raymond Lesniak (D, Elizabeth) and in the General Assembly by Joseph Cryan (D, Union) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth).[45][46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[49] As of 2014, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[50] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[51] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[52] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[53] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[54] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[55] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[56] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[57] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[58][59] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[60] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[61] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[62][63] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[64]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 11,743 registered voters in Roselle, of which 7,127 (60.7% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 526 (4.5% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 4,087 (34.8% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[65] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 55.7% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 72.8% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[65][66]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,034 votes here (88.8% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 875 votes (9.7% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 53 votes (0.6% vs. 0.8%), among the 9,043 ballots cast by the borough's 12,694 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.2% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[67][68] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,055 votes here (85.4% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,262 votes (13.4% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 52 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 9,428 ballots cast by the borough's 12,533 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.2% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[69] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 6,325 votes here (79.4% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 1,564 votes (19.6% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 40 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 7,971 ballots cast by the borough's 11,609 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.7% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[70]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 3,816 ballots cast (77.3% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 866 votes (17.5% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 170 votes (3.4% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 35 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 4,939 ballots cast by the borough's 12,148 registered voters, yielding a 40.7% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[71]

Education[edit]

Students are educated by the Roselle Public Schools, which serves students in pre-Kindergarten through 12th grade. As of the 2010-11 school year, the district's six schools had an enrollment of 2,979 students and 236.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.60:1.[72] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[73]) are Roselle Preschool, Kindergarten Success Academy, three K-3 elementary schools — Harrison Elementary School (322 students), Dr. Charles C. Polk Elementary School K-4 (264) and Washington Elementary School (274) — Leonard V. Moore Middle School for grades 5 and 6 (434), Grace Wilday Junior High School for grades 7 and 8 (359) and Abraham Clark High School for grades 9-12 (1,066).[74][75]

Roselle Catholic High School, a parochial high school run by the Marist Brothers, serves grades 9-12 under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[76]

Commerce[edit]

Portions of Roselle are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate at eligible merchants (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).[77]

Transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City on the 112 and 115 routes, to Newark on the 59, 62 and 94 routes, with local service available on the 56 and 57.[78]

Conrail's freight-only Lehigh Line passes through the community along the tracks of the former Lehigh Valley Railroad. The town once shared a passenger station with Roselle Park on the mainline of the Central Railroad of New Jersey. That line is abandoned.

The Staten Island Railway passed through the community before being dormant for years. It was reactivated by the Morristown & Erie Railway, but Morristown & Erie did not renew their option and their 10-year lease ceased as of May 15, 2012.[citation needed]

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) from Roselle.

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Roselle include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Borough Administration, Borough of Roselle. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  5. ^ Borough Clerk, Borough of Roselle. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 90.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Roselle, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b 2010 Census Populations: Union County, Asbury Park Press, July 27, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Roselle borough, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Roselle borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
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  21. ^ Good, Philip. "Historic Chandelier Restored", The New York Times, June 16, 1991. Accessed July 29, 2012. "In 1947, during a tribute to the inventor on the centennial of his birth, his son Charles Edison said: 'Here in Roselle for the first time electric lines were strung overhead. This was just one of the many experiments, revolutionary and bold for the time, which were tried out in Roselle. The success of the Roselle venture encouraged immediate and widespread installation of electric lighting in villages, towns and small cities throughout the nation.' The successful experiment began in 1882, and by 1883 the hanging light fixture was installed in the church's sancturary."
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  54. ^ Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
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  56. ^ Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
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  79. ^ Blockus, Gary R. "Limited options ** Ex-Lehigh back Abdullah, getting limited play with the Bucs, will be a free agent at the end of the season. But he wants to stay in Tampa. ** Wild Card Playoffs: Tampa Bay at Philadelphia 4:30 P.M. Saturday, + Veterans Stadium", The Morning Call, January 10, 2002. Accessed March 13, 2011. "Abdullah, a 6-1, 227-pounder from Roselle, NJ, knew the game carried special importance for him."
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External links[edit]