Rosemary Radford Ruether
Ruether was born in 1936 in St. Paul, Minnesota, to a Roman Catholic mother and Episcopal father. She has reportedly described her upbringing as free-thinking and humanistic as opposed to oppressive. Ruether's father died when she was 12 and afterwards Ruether and her mother moved to California.
Ruether holds a B.A. in Philosophy from Scripps College (1958), an M.A. in Ancient History (1960) and a Ph.D. in Classics and Patristics (1965) from Claremont Graduate School in Claremont, California.
She currently is Visiting Professor of Religion and Feminist Theology at Claremont School of Theology and Claremont Graduate University. Her first appointment was as professor at Howard University in Washington D.C. from 1965 to 1975. She formerly was Carpenter Professor of Feminist Theology at the Pacific School of Religion and Graduate Theological Union, and retired from her long-term post as Georgia Harkness Professor of Applied Theology at the Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary. Ruether is the author of 36 books and over 600 articles on feminism, eco-feminism the Bible and Christianity.
For thirty years, she has been considered a pioneer in the area of feminist theology in North America, with a particular focus in modern feminist theology and liberation theology, especially with respect to Palestinian Arabs combating Israel and to Latin America. She has also been an outspoken critic of war since the Vietnam era and continues this work today.
Ruether is a scholar-activist, committed to environmental, economic, and social justice for women and other marginalized people, as well as the earth. She describes herself as an ecofeminist and feminist theologian. She takes a theological position that God is beyond the human limits of male or female, of the patriarchal God or the feminine "Gaia," but rather an "empowering matrix." Her formidable publications include works examining suppressed women's history throughout Christian history, ecological damage and healing, and legacies of oppression in the United States and Western civilization. Her work bridges religious and theological notions with pressing contemporary concerns such as systemic injustices of racism, sexism, and species-ism. She has edited publications highlighting the global diversity of feminist theology.
Ruether is an advocate of women's ordination, a movement among Catholic religious persons who affirm women's capacity to serve as priests, despite official sanction. Since 1985 Ruether has served as a board member for the pro-choice group "Catholics for Choice" (CFC).
Ruether does not merely identify problems, but considers and poses solutions in thinking, worldview, religious understanding, theology, and praxis. For a generation, she has supported scholars at the cutting edge of religious studies, who collaborate in the work of liberation in religious thinking and practice.
- The Church Against Itself, New York, 1967, Herder and Herder.
- Gregory of Nazianzus. Oxford: 1969, Oxford University Press.
- Faith and fratricide: the theological roots of anti-Semitism. New York 1974, Seabury Press, ISBN 978-0-8164-2263-0.
- "Courage as a Christian Virtue" in Cross Currents, Spring 1983, 8-16
- Sexism and God-Talk: Toward a Feminist Theology, Beacon Press (1993) ISBN 0-8070-1205-X
- Gaia and God: An Ecofeminist Theology of Earth Healing, Harper-Collins (1994) ISBN 978-0-06-066967-6, ASIN 0-06-066967-5
- In Our Own Voices: Four Centuries of American Women’s Religious Writing (ed. with Rosemary Skinner Keller), Harper-Collins (1996) ISBN 0-06-066840-7
- Introducing Redemption in Christian Feminism (editor), Continuum (1998) ISBN 1-85075-888-3
- Christianity and the Making of the Modern Family, Beacon Press (2001, ISBN 978-0807054079
- The Wrath of Jonah: The Crisis of Religious Nationalism in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Augsburg Fortress (2002) ISBN 0-8006-3479-9
- Integrating Ecofeminism Globalization and World Religions", Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. (2005) ISBN 0-7425-3529-0
- Goddesses and the Divine Feminine: A Western Religious History, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 2005, University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23146-5
- America, Amerikkka: Elect Nation & Imperial Violence, Equinox (2007) ISBN 1-84553-158-2
Also see biographical information in Emily Leah Silverman, Whitney Bauman, and Dirk Von der Horst, ed., Voices of Feminist Liberation: Celebratory Writings in Honor of Rosemary Radford Ruether (London: Equinox Press, 2012).
- "Rosemary Radford Ruether". Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale. 2001. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Good Catholic Girls, p. 243
- 'People' section of website of Boston University
- Website of Claremont School of Theology
- LaRosa, Patricia. "Finding Aid for Rosemary Radford Ruether Papers, 1954-2002". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Website of Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary
- LaRosa, Patrician. "Finding Aid for Rosemary Radford Ruther papers". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Works by or about Rosemary Radford Ruether in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Sexism and God-Talk: Toward A Feminist Theology