Rosen Plevneliev

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This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Asenov and the family name is Plevneliev.
Rosen Plevneliev
BG President Rosen Plevneliev.JPG
5th President of Bulgaria
Incumbent
Assumed office
22 January 2012
Prime Minister Boyko Borisov
Marin Raykov(Acting)
Plamen Oresharski
Georgi Bliznashki (Acting)
Vice President Margarita Popova
Preceded by Georgi Parvanov
Minister of Regional Development and Public Works
In office
27 July 2009 – 9 September 2011
Prime Minister Boyko Borisov
Preceded by Asen Gagauzov
Succeeded by Lilyana Pavlova
Personal details
Born Rosen Asenov Plevleniev
(1964-05-14) 14 May 1964 (age 50)
Gotse Delchev, Bulgaria
Political party Bulgarian Communist Party (Before 1989)
GERB (Before 2012)
Independent (2012–present)
Spouse(s) Yuliyana Plevnelieva
Children Filip
Asen
Pavel
Alma mater Technical University of Sofia

Rosen Asenov Plevneliev (Bulgarian: Росен Асенов Плевнелиев; born 14 May 1964) has been President of Bulgaria since January 2012. He was the Minister of Regional Development and Public Works from July 2009 to September 2011 as part of the cabinet of Boyko Borisov.[1] In October 2011, Plevneliev was elected as President in a second round of voting; he was inaugurated on 18 January 2012.[2]

Biography[edit]

Rosen Plevneliev was born in Gotse Delchev. His family relocated to Blagoevgrad when he turned 10 years old.[3] He is descended from Bulgarian refugees from southern Macedonia who resettled from today's village of Petrousa in the municipality of Prosotsani in Drama regional unit, Greek Macedonia, in 1913. The Plevneliev family name refers to the Bulgarian name of the village, Plevnya (Плевня, "barn").[4]

Plevneliev studied at Blagoevgrad Mathematical and Natural Sciences High School, from which he graduated in 1982. In 1989 he graduated from the Higher Mechanical-Electrotechnical Institute, Sofia, and in the same year become a fellow at the Institute for Microprocessing Technology, Pravets.[5] While studying in the university, he was a Komsomol member of the Bulgarian Communist Party.[6] After the political changes, in 1990, Plevneliev started a private building company in Bulgaria. Among other projects, the company built the Sofia Business Park.

He is married to Yuliyana Plevnelieva and they have three sons: Filip, Asen and Pavel.[7] His hobby is underwater diving.[3] In addition to his native Bulgarian, he speaks English and German.[8]

Political career[edit]

Plevneliev became Minister of Regional Development and Public Works under Prime Minister Borisov on 27 July 2009.

He was announced as GERB's candidate for President of Bulgaria on 4 September 2011.[9] He subsequently won the presidential election in a second round held on 30 October 2011, with a majority of 52,58% of the vote.[10] He defeated Ivaylo Kalfin from the Bulgarian Socialist Party in the second round. He took the presidential oath on 19 January 2012 and officially took over from his predecessor Georgi Parvanov on 22 January 2012. Among his priorities are administrative reforms, energy efficiency and energy independence and removing of ambassadors of Bulgaria in foreign countries who have served as secret agents during the Communist regime.

As a result of the 2013 Bulgarian protests against monopoly and high electricity prices, the conservative government of Prime Minister Boyko Borisov tendered its resignation on 20 February 2013. President Plevneliev, acting in accordance with the constitution, offered a mandate to form a new government within the term of the current Parliament to GERB, BSP and DPS but after each of them declined, Plevneliev appointed a caretaker government on 13 March 2013, with Marin Raykov, the Bulgarian ambassador in Paris as Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.[11]

In 2013, due to the prolonged protests against the involvement of oligarchy in politics and the government, Plevneliev organised the 'Dialogue with citizens' initiative, which involved three debates, focused on market economy, the judicial system and media freedom.[12]

Plevneliev advocates for closer relations between Bulgaria and the People's Republic of China.[13][14]

Plevneliev has frequently criticized the immigration policy in the UK set by the current Prime Minister, David Cameron.[15]

By appointing the Bliznashki Government on 6 August 2014, Plevneliev has become the first President of Bulgaria to appoint more than one (so far two) caretaker governments.

Controversies[edit]

In January 2014 it became known that the tax authorities are inspecting Plevneliev and his relatives. The topic generated some controversy, as some people say that any citizen can become an object of a tax inspection, while others point to what they perceive as too many tax inspections of critics of the Oresharski Government.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography of Rosen Plevneliev (Bulgarian)". Novinite.com (Sofia News Agency). Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  2. ^ "Plevneliev Sworn In as President of Bulgaria". novinite.com. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  3. ^ a b Lilov 2013, p. 189.
  4. ^ "Росен Плевналиев в „Нека говорят“ с Росен Петров, bTV, 6.11.2011 г." (in Bulgarian). bTV. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Lilov 2013, p. 190.
  6. ^ Todorov, Anton (15 September 2014). "The Ironhead Communists Bliznashki and Plevneliev in 1987" (in Bulgarian). Frognews Agency. 
  7. ^ "Rosen Plevneliev (Bulgarian)". 24 Chasa newspaper. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  8. ^ ""Presidential Biography" (in English). President of Bulgaria. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  9. ^ Reuters. "Bulgaria's GERB puts up popular minister for president". trust.org. Thomson Reuters Foundation. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Bulgaria: Plevneliev is Bulgaria's New President, noinvite.com, 30. October 2011
  11. ^ "Президентът назначи служебното правителство и насрочи изборите" (in Bulgarian). dir.bg. 13 March 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Lyubenova, Maria (2013). "Предизвикателствата пред новите ПР и медийни комуникации в перспективата на европейските реалности (p. 272)" (in Bulgarian). Проблеми на постмодерността/Postmodernism problems, Volume 3, Number 3. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Bulgarian President-elect courts China". Novinite. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "China, Bulgaria pledge to deepen cooperation". Xinhua News Agency. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  15. ^ Politicians are judged by what they do and not by what they say
  16. ^ The Presisdent Doubts the Impartiality of Tax Inspections
Bibliography
Lilov, Grigor (2013). Най-богатите българи (1st ed.). Sofia: „Кайлас” ЕООД. ISBN 978-954-92098-9-1. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Asen Gagauzov
Minister of Regional Development and Public Works
2009–2011
Succeeded by
Lilyana Pavlova
Preceded by
Georgi Parvanov
President of Bulgaria
2012–present
Incumbent