Rosengård

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Rosengård (literally "Rose court") was a city district (Swedish: stadsdel) in the central of Malmö Municipality, Sweden. On 1 July 2013, it was merged with Husie, forming Öster.[1] In 2012, Rosengård had a population of 23,563 of the municipality's 307,758.[2] The area was 332 hectares.[3]

Rosengård is often incorrectly referred to as a suburb, though the area is located centrally in Malmö, with the former city district neighbouring the city district Centrum. In 2008, 86% of the population was of foreign background.[4]

History[edit]

Rosengård was built between 1967 and 1972 as a part of the Million Programme. At that time, it was regarded as a highly modern neighbourhood and a symbol for the general increase in living standards created by the socially democratic government. However, Malmö suffered from a significant shortage of cheap housing and when immigrants arrived in the 1960s and 1970s, they frequently were offered housing in Rosengård.[citation needed] It was at this time (and particularly in the late 70's and 80's) that many ethnic Swedes left the area.[citation needed] In 1972, the percentage of immigrants leveled around 20% In 2012, the figure for those of "immigrant background" was given as 86%.[5]

Violence in the Community[edit]

In 2009–10, more than a dozen people with immigrant backgrounds were shot in the whole city.[6][7] Rosengård has also been the place for several violent clashes between local youth and authorities.[8] Fire crews have also been threatened and attacked. As a result, the Malmö Fire Department refused to respond to fire calls in Rosengård without police escort.[9]

In late April 2010, incidents of violence occurred in which cars, wagons, kiosks, building sheds, recycling stations and bicycle sheds were set ablaze. Firefighters who attempted to put out the fires were subjected to stone throwing and fireworks, and thus had to receive police escort. Twenty riot-equipped police patrols were eventually also set in.[10]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Neighbourhoods before July 2013.

The neighbourhoods of Rosengård were:

Malmö Mosque is located nearby. It is situated a few hundred metres from the church in Västra Skrävlinge.

Rosengård Centrum is a shopping mall with several stores, including one of Sweden's largest grocery stores (City Grosss). Zlatan Court, a football field sponsored by the football player Zlatan Ibrahimović.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.  
1961 5,250
1971 23,112
1981 18,006
2001 21,027
2004 21,526
2007 21,955
2011 23,653
2012 23,563

In 2007, 60% were born outside of Sweden.[11] In 2008, 86% of the population was of foreign background.[4]

The ten largest groups of foreign-born persons in 2010 were:[12]

  1. Iraq Iraqis (2,957)
  2. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Former Yugoslavs (2,172)
  3. Lebanon Lebanese (1,370)
  4. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnians and Herzegovinans (1,211)
  5. Somalia Somalians (550)
  6. Denmark Danes (541)
  7. Poland Poles (475)
  8. Afghanistan Afghans (406)
  9. Turkey Turks (357)
  10. Pakistan Pakistanis (230)

Demographics[edit]

Unemployment and education are two major issues in the area. Only 38% of the population in Rosengård are employed[4] and 60% complete elementary school, compared to a city-wide average (inclusive Rosengård) of 80%.[4]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nystart för ett bättre Malmö". Malmö Municipality. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014.  (Swedish)
  2. ^ "Befolkningsbokslut Malmö 2012". Malmö Municipality. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014.  (Swedish)
  3. ^ "Blad1 (Areal)". Malmö Municipality. Retrieved 19 January 2014.  (Swedish)
  4. ^ a b c d "Herrgården - värst utsatta området i Rosengård". Dagens Nyheter. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Another side of Malmö's infamous Rosengård". The Local (Malmo). 
  6. ^ "Swedish police hunt for gunmen targeting immigrants". The Daily Telegraph (London). 22 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Malmo shootings: Swedish man charged". The Daily Telegraph (London). 9 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Nye opptøyer i Malmö". Dagbladet. 23 November 2009. 
  9. ^ Linn Dahlgren (16 June 2008). "Brandkåren vägrar åka till Rosengård - utan poliseskort". Kvällsposten. 
  10. ^ Klint, Lars (29 April 2010). "Rosengård spärrat - efter brandinferno". Expressen. 
  11. ^ http://www.malmo.se/download/18.10d69f8c11884193e5d80003762/20.ROSENG%C3%85RD.pdf
  12. ^ "Malmöbor födda i utlandet. 1 januari 2010". Malmö Municipality. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2014.  (Swedish)

External links[edit]

  • [1] The Local item ”Rosengård: hardship and hope” on Rosengård
  • [2] BBC item ”Sweden sticks to multiculturalism” on Rosengård
  • [3] BBC item ”Fighting for Sweden's migrants” on Daily Mory Diabate