Rosengård (literally "Rose court") was a city district (Swedish: stadsdel) in the central of Malmö Municipality, Sweden. On 1 July 2013, it was merged with Husie, forming Öster. In 2012, Rosengård had a population of 23,563 of the municipality's 307,758. The area was 332 hectares.
Rosengård is often incorrectly referred to as a suburb, though the area is located centrally in Malmö, with the former city district neighbouring the city district Centrum. In 2008, 86% of the population was of foreign background.
Rosengård was built between 1967 and 1972 as a part of the Million Programme. At that time, it was regarded as a highly modern neighbourhood and a symbol for the general increase in living standards created by the socially democratic government. However, Malmö suffered from a significant shortage of cheap housing and when immigrants arrived in the 1960s and 1970s, they frequently were offered housing in Rosengård. It was at this time (and particularly in the late 70's and 80's) that many ethnic Swedes left the area. In 1972, the percentage of immigrants leveled around 20% In 2012, the figure for those of "immigrant background" was given as 86%.
Riots and violence
In 2009–10, more than a dozen people with immigrant backgrounds were shot in the whole city. Rosengård has also been the place for several violent clashes between local youth and authorities. Fire crews have also been threatened and attacked. As a result, the Malmö Fire Department refused to respond to fire calls in Rosengård without police escort.
In late April 2010, major riots were started again. Cars, wagons, kiosks, building sheds, recycling stations and bicycle sheds were set ablaze. Firefighters who attempted to put out the fires were subjected to stone throwing and fireworks, and thus had to receive police escort. Twenty riot-equipped police patrols were eventually also set in.
The neighbourhoods of Rosengård were:
- Rosengård Centrum
- Västra Kattarp
- Östra Kyrkogården
Rosengård Centrum is a shopping mall with several stores, including one of Sweden's largest grocery stores (City Grosss). Zlatan Court, a football field sponsored by the football player Zlatan Ibrahimović.
Tower block buildings in Rosengård
The ten largest groups of foreign-born persons in 2010 were:
- Iraq (2,957)
- Former Yugoslavia (2,172)
- Lebanon (1,370)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (1,211)
- Somalia (550)
- Denmark (541)
- Poland (475)
- Afghanistan (406)
- Turkey (357)
- Pakistan (230)
Unemployment and education are two major issues in the area. Only 38% of the population in Rosengård are employed and 60% complete elementary school, compared to a city-wide average (inclusive Rosengård) of 80%.
- "Nystart för ett bättre Malmö". Malmö Municipality. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014. (Swedish)
- "Befolkningsbokslut Malmö 2012". Malmö Municipality. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014. (Swedish)
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- "Herrgården - värst utsatta området i Rosengård". Dagens Nyheter. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Another side of Malmö's infamous Rosengård". The Local (Malmo).
- "Swedish police hunt for gunmen targeting immigrants". The Daily Telegraph (London). 22 October 2010.
- "Malmo shootings: Swedish man charged". The Daily Telegraph (London). 9 November 2010.
- "Nye opptøyer i Malmö". Dagbladet. 23 November 2009.
- Linn Dahlgren (16 June 2008). "Brandkåren vägrar åka till Rosengård - utan poliseskort". Kvällsposten.
- Klint, Lars (29 April 2010). "Rosengård spärrat - efter brandinferno". Expressen.
- "Malmöbor födda i utlandet. 1 januari 2010". Malmö Municipality. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2014. (Swedish)
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