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Rosengård, literally "Rose court", is a city district in Malmö, Sweden. As of 1 January 2007, the population was 21,955, of which 60 percent were born outside of Sweden. In 2008 a total 86% of the population in the city district was of foreign background. Although frequently incorrectly referred to as a suburb, Rosengård constitutes an integral part of Malmö city and is, contrary to common belief, fairly centrally located, neighbouring the city's Centrum district.
Rosengård was built between 1967–1972 as a part of the Million Programme. At the time it was regarded as a highly modern neighbourhood and a symbol for the general increase in living standards created by the socially democratic government. However, Malmö suffered from a significant shortage of cheap housing and when immigrants arrived in the 1960s and 1970s they frequently were offered housing in Rosengård. It was at this time (and, particularly in the late 70's and 80's) that many Swedish nationals left the area. In 1972 the percentage of immigrants leveled around 20%, in 1998 this figure had risen to around 80%.
Riots and violence
In 2009-2010, more than a dozen people with immigrant backgrounds were shot in the whole city. Rosengård has also been the place for several violent clashes between local youth and authorities. Fire crews have also been threatened and attacked. As a result, the Malmö Fire Department refused to respond to fire calls in Rosengård without police escort.
In late April 2010 major riots were started again. Cars, wagons, kiosks, building sheds, recycling stations and bicycle sheds were set ablaze. Firefighters who attempted to put out the fires were subjected to stone throwing and fireworks, and thus had to receive police escort. Twenty riot-equipped police patrols were eventually also set in.
Year, inhabitants[needs update]
- 1961 : 5,250
- 1971 : 23,112
- 1981 : 18,006
- 1991 : 17,190
- 2001 : 21,027
- 2004 : 21,526
Immigrants in Rosengård
- Former Yugoslavia (3,789)
- Iraq (2,957)
- Lebanon (1,370)
- Somalia (550)
- Denmark (541)
- Germany (516)
- Poland (476)
- Afghanistan (406)
- Turkey (357)
38% of the population in Rosengård are employed.
40% of the pupils in Rosengård fail grammar school.
Just outside the borough is Malmö Mosque. It is situated a few hundred metres from the Västra Skrävlinge Church, in a small park called Ögårdsparken. Being the largest mosque in Malmö it is usually well attended. Adjacent buildings include a pre-school, a playground and child care.
RoCent, in central Rosengård, is a shopping mall with several stores, including one of Sweden's largest grocery stores (member of the Citygross chain).
- Footballers Zlatan Ibrahimović, Yksel Osmanovski, Labinot Harbuzi, Goran Slavkovski and rapper Rebstar were born and raised in Rosengård.
- Herrgården - värst utsatta området i Rosengård
- "Swedish police hunt for gunmen targeting immigrants". The Daily Telegraph (London). 22 October 2010.
- "Malmo shootings: Swedish man charged". The Daily Telegraph (London). 9 November 2010.
- "Nye opptøyer i Malmö". Dagbladet. 23 November 2009.
- Linn Dahlgren (16 June 2008). "Brandkåren vägrar åka till Rosengård - utan poliseskort". Kvällsposten.
- Klint, Lars (29 April 2010). "Rosengård spärrat - efter brandinferno". Expressen.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rosengård.|
-  The Local item ”Rosengård: hardship and hope” on Rosengård
-  BBC item ”Sweden sticks to multiculturalism” on Rosengård
-  BBC item ”Fighting for Sweden's migrants” on Daily Mory Diabate
- (Swedish) Rosengård From Malmö Official Site, malmo.se.