Roshan (music director)
|Birth name||Roshanlal Nagrath|
|Also known as||Roshan|
|Born||July 14, 1917|
|Origin||Gujranwala, Punjab, British India
(now part of Punjab in Pakistan)
|Died||November 16, 1967(aged 50)|
|Occupation(s)||Music Director, Composer|
Roshanlal Nagrath (14 July 1917 – 16 November 1967), better known simply by his first name Roshan, was a Bollywood film music composer. He was the father of the actor and film director Rakesh Roshan and music director Rajesh Roshan and paternal grandfather of Hritik Roshan.
Early life and education
Roshan was born in Gujranwala, Punjab, British India (now part of Punjab in Pakistan). He began music lessons at a young age, and later attended Marris College (Bhatkhande College of Music) in Lucknow under the training of Pt. S N Ratanjankar (Principal of the University). In the early 1940s, Khawaja Khurshid Anwar, Programme Producer/Music, AIR Delhi, hired Roshan as Staff Artist for Esraj, the instrument which he used to play.
In 1948, Roshan came to Mumbai to find work as a Bollywood music director and became Assistant of Music Composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar in film Singaar. He struggled until meeting Kidar Sharma, who gave him the job of composing for his film Neki aur Badi (1949). While this film was a flop, Roshan emerged as a player on the Bollywood music scene with the film Baawre Nain, released the following year.
In the early 1950s, Roshan worked with singers Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh and Talat Mahmood. Malhar, Shisham, and Anhonee were some of the movies that he scored during the '50s. It was during this time that he composed, Aeiri main to prem diwani mera dard na jane koyi sung by Lata Mangeshkar for the movie Naubahaar. He was not always commercially successful. He gave Indeewar and Anand Bakshi their first breaks in the industry as lyricists; these two would later became two of the most sought-after songwriters in Mumbai from late 1960s onwards.
Anand Bakshi was given his first break in 1956 by Nissar Bazmi in the film Bhala Aadmi. Roshan gave Anand Bakshi the film CID Girl (1959), after Anand Bakshi wrote the 4 songs of Bhala Aadmi in 1956. Bhala Aadmi released in 1958. Anand Bakshi and Roshan gave a super hit music film DEVAR (1966).
The 1960s proved to be the golden age for Roshan and his music. His ability to mould folk music with Hindustani classical music became his trademark and resulted in movies scores. During this time Roshan gave hits such as Na to karavan ki talaash hai and Zindagi bhar nahi bhoolegi woh barsaat ki raat (Barsaat Ki Raat, 1960), Ab kya misaal doon and Kabhi to milegi, kahi to milegi (Aarti, 1962), Jo vada kiya vo nibhana padega, Paao chhoon lene do and Jurm-e-ulfat pe (Taj Mahal, 1963), Nigahen milane ko jee chahata hai and Laaga chunari mein daag (Dil Hi To Hai, 1963), Sansaar se bhaage phirte ho and Man re tu kaahe (Chitralekha, 1964), and Oh re taal mile and Khushi khushi kar do vida (Anokhi Raat, 1968). He composed some melodies for the movie Mamta (1966) with lyrics by Majrooh Sultanpuri, 'Rehte the kabhi jinke dil mein', Rahen Na Rahen Hum sung by Lata Mangeshkar and her hit duet, Chuppa Lo Yun Dil Mein Pyar Mera with Hemant Kumar. Devar (1966): "Aaya hai mujhe phir yaad woh zalim, guzara zamana bachpan ka"; "Baharon ne mera chaman loot kar"; "Duniya mein aisa kahan sab ka naseeb hai".
Roshan's marked speciality was the Qawwali. He was known for the creation of hit qawwalies like "Na to karwaan ki talaash hai", "Nigahen milane ko jee chahta hai", "Na khanjar uthega, na Talwar tumse, Yeh baazoo mere aazmaye hue hain"....
Death and legacy
Roshan had been suffering from chronic heart trouble for over 20 years. He died of a heart attack in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, on 16 November 1967 aged 50, leaving behind a wife, three sons and a daughter. Besides immediate family, Roshan left great admirers of extended family—Nagrath and Khokha family.
- 1963 Filmfare Best Music Director Award for Taj Mahal
- "Blast From The Past: Mamta (1966)". The Hindu. Apr 2, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2013.