Rosheim

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Rosheim
Saints-Pierre-et-Paul Church in Rosheim
Saints-Pierre-et-Paul Church in Rosheim
Rosheim is located in France
Rosheim
Rosheim
Coordinates: 48°30′N 7°28′E / 48.50°N 7.47°E / 48.50; 7.47Coordinates: 48°30′N 7°28′E / 48.50°N 7.47°E / 48.50; 7.47
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Molsheim
Canton Rosheim
Intercommunality Canton of Rosheim
Government
 • Mayor (2008–14) Michel Herr
Area
 • Land1 29.55 km2 (11.41 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 4,776
 • Population2 density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67411 / 67560
Elevation 164–842 m (538–2,762 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Imperial City of Rosheim
Reichsstadt Rosheim (de)
Ville libre impériale de Rosheim (fr)
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire

1303–1679


Coat of arms

Capital Rosheim
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  First mentioned 778
 -  Imperial immediacy 1303
 -  Foundation of
    the Décapole

1354
 -  Awarded to France 1648
 -  Abolition of Décapole
    and of Rosheimer
    independence
1679

Rosheim is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France.

It lies 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Strasbourg, on the eastern slopes of the Vosges mountains. It is a winemaking town on the touristic "Road of the Wines of Alsace" and the Route Romane d'Alsace ("Romanesque route of Alsace").

Geography[edit]

Distance from Paris 450 km, Strasbourg 25 km, Obernai 7 km, Molsheim 7 km.

History[edit]

From the 14th to 17th centuries, Rosheim was an Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire, and founded the Décapole confederation with nine other Alsatian Imperial Cities in 1354. Like the other Decapolitan cities, it was awarded to France by the Peace of Westphalia and finally lost its independence under the Treaties of Nijmegen.

Sights[edit]

  • Church Saint-Pierre-et-Paul (building 12th century, tower 14th century, organ 18th century)
  • Church Saint-Etienne (18th century, belltower 12th century)
  • Maison païenne (“pagan house”, 12th century)
  • City Hall (18th century)
  • Old well (Puits aux six seaux) (17th century)
  • Four fortified tower-gates (13th and 14th century)
  • Half-timbered houses (16th century)

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]