Rosinha de Valença

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Rosinha de Valença
Birth name Maria Rosa Canelas
Born (1941-07-30)July 30, 1941
Valença, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died June 10, 2004(2004-06-10) (aged 62)
Valença, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Genres Bossa nova, MPB
Occupations musician, arranger, composer
Instruments acoustic guitar
Years active 1962–92
Labels Elenco, RCA, Som Livre, EMI-Odeon

Maria Rosa Canelas (July 30, 1941 – June 10, 2004), better known as Rosinha de Valença, was a Brazilian composer, arranger and musician. She was considered one of the best acoustic guitarists in Brazilian music[1] and played with many famous artists, such as Baden Powell, Sérgio Mendes and Sivuca.

Biography[edit]

Maria Rosa Canelas was born in 1941, in Valença, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Her artistic name was created by Sérgio Porto, a journalist from Rio de Janeiro, who used to say Canelas plays for her whole city. So, he called her Rosinha de Valença.[2]

When she was a child, she became interested in playing acoustic guitar as she saw her brother playing it. She learned on her own, listening to music on the radio. At 12 years old, she played along with many artists of her town, in bars and on the Radio Valença. In 1960, she stopped studying to devote herself to a musical career.[2] However, the first years were difficult for the musician. As she was a woman, her family did not like the idea of her playing guitar. In fact, when she started her career, only a few people paid attention to her.[3]

In 1963, Valença moved to Rio de Janeiro. There, she met Sérgio Porto, who created her artistic name and present her to Baden Powell and Aloísio Oliveira, a producer with Gravadora Elenco. Powell started playing with her – in the new way of playing guitar in Brazilian music.[4] Oliveira liked her work and invited her to record an album. It was named Apresentando Rosinha de Valença and was released in that same year.[2] After it, she was invited to play for eight months in Bottle nightclub and to perform in TV shows and on the radio. One year later, she performed in the big show O Fino da Bossa, at Paramount Theater, São Paulo.[5] She also played with Nara Leão and Quarteto em Cy.[1]

In that same year, 1964, she travelled to the United States to play with Sérgio Mendes and Brasil 65. During this 8-month tour, Valença recorded two albums with Mendes and his band.[5] In 1965, she travelled to Europe as soloist with a Brazilian group. This band visited and performed in 24 countries in Europe and Japan. In 1968, Valença travelled again for a long tour which ended in 1971, when she came back to Brazil. During these years, Maria Rosa Canelas visited USSR, Israel, Switzerland, Italy, Portugal and some African countries. She also played, in that period, with Stan Getz, Sarah Vaughan and Henry Mancini.[1]

Back in Brazil, she played with Martinho da Vila, contributing to four of his albums. In 1974, after another tour abroad, Valença organized her own band, which was composed of famous artists, such as João Donato, Copinha, Ivone Lara and Miúcha.[2][5] In 1977, she performed with Sivuca, recording a live album with him, name Sivuca e Rosinha de Valença ao vivo. Another notable album was with Waltel Blanco, Violões em dois estilos, released in 1980.[4]

Rosinha de Valença ended her musical career prematurely due to health problems: she had had brain damage due to a heart attack.[5] She died in 2004, in her hometown, after 12 years in a vegetative state, of respiratory failure.[6]

Tributes[edit]

After Maria Rosa Canelas went into a coma, many artists recorded her songs as tribute to her.

In 2000, Valença was honored by a benefit concert, organized by Jalusa Barcellos, member of Secretaria Estadual de Cultura, and presented by Sérgio Cabral. This event was named Uma noite para Rosinha (One night for Rosinha), with Haroldo Costa as general director, and Jorge Simas as musical director. Among the many contributing notable artists were Beth Carvalho, Dona Ivone Lara, Francis Hime, Olívia Hime, João Nogueira, Joyce, Leci Brandão, Miúcha, MPB-4, Paulinho da Viola and Quarteto em Cy.[1]

After her death, Maria Bethania produced the album Namorando a Rosa, co-produced by Miúcha. This CD counts on the participation of many friends and professional fellows of Rosinha de Valença: Martinho da Vila, Ivone Lara, Alcione, Miúcha, Caetano Veloso, Chico Buarque, Joanna, Bebel Gilberto, Hermeto Pascoal, Turíbio Santos and Yamandu Costa. Each artist recorded a song composed by Valença, and recalls his or her relationship with the guitarist.[3][7]

Rosinha de Valença's songs were also covered by such famous artists as Martinho da Vila, Joanna, Zezé Motta, Rui Maurity, Tito Madi, Nana Caymmi, César Camargo Mariano, Wanderléa, Leci Brandão, Maria Bethânia and Paulinho Nogueira.[1]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

  • 1964: Apresentando Rosinha de Valença (Elenco)[8]
  • 1970: Rosinha de Valença apresenta Ipanema Beat (RCA Victor)
  • 1971: Um violão em primeiro plano (RCA/BMG)
  • 1973: Rosinha de Valença (Som Livre)
  • 1980: Violões em dois estilos (Som Livre), with Waltel Blanco
  • 1990: Rosinha de Valença & Flavio Faria (feat. Toots Thielemans) (Iris Music)

Live albums[edit]

  • 1966: Rosinha de Valença ao vivo (Forma)
  • 1975: Rosinha de Valença e banda ao vivo (Odeon)
  • 1977: Sivuca e Rosinha de Valença ao vivo (RCA Pure Gold), with Sivuca

As contributor[edit]

  • 1965: Brasil 65 (Capitol), by Wanda de Sah featuring Sérgio Mendes Trio
  • 1965: In person at El Matador (Atlantic/Fermata), by Sérgio Mendes and Brasil 65

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Rosinha de Valença". Dicionário Cravo Albin da Música Popular Brasileira (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Rosinha de Valença". MPBNet (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Caldeira, João Bernardo (17 December 2004). "Rosinha de todo o Brasil: Maria Bethânia e Miúcha lançam disco-homenagem à violonista e compositora Rosinha de Valença". JB Online (in Portuguese). Terra. Retrieved 14 December 2009. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b Nassif, Luis (18 November 2001). "O violão que emudeceu". Folha de São Paulo (São Paulo). 
  5. ^ a b c d Neder, Alvaro. "Rosinha de Valença: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Morre a violonista Rosinha de Valença". Paraná Online (in Portuguese). 11 June 2004. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  7. ^ Nunes, Henrique (3 February 2005). "Jardim de Valença". Diário do Nordeste (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  8. ^ "Rosinha de Valença". Cliquemusic (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 December 2009. 

External links[edit]