Roslin, Midlothian

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Coordinates: 55°51′30″N 3°10′10″W / 55.85822°N 3.16942°W / 55.85822; -3.16942

Roslin
Roslin, Midlothian.jpg
Roslin is located in Midlothian
Roslin
Roslin
 Roslin shown within Midlothian
OS grid reference NT268634
Council area Midlothian
Lieutenancy area Midlothian
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ROSLIN
Postcode district EH25
Dialling code 0131
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Midlothian
Scottish Parliament Midlothian North and Musselburgh
List of places
UK
Scotland

Roslin (sometimes spelt Rosslyn or Roslyn) is a village in Midlothian, Scotland, 7 miles (11 km) to the south of the Scottish capital city Edinburgh. It is situated approximately 12 miles (20 km) from Edinburgh Airport.

The name[edit]

The name Roslin (c. 1240 Roskelyn) probably derives from the P-Celtic words ros, a moor, and celyn, holly. An alternative derivation from Gaelic words describing the Glen's features: Ros meaning a rocky promontory and Linne meaning a waterfall or pool is also often given.[1] The theory that it is a corruption of Roseline, a supposed early medieval meridian passing through Paris and Rosslyn Chapel is fanciful.

History[edit]

Legend has it the village was founded in 203 A.D. by Asterius, a Pict.

In 1303 Roslin was the site of a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence.

In 1446, Rosslyn Chapel was constructed, under the guide of William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness.

Roslin became important as the seat of the St. Clair family. In 1456 King James II granted it the status of a burgh. Coal mining has been a major occupation from the twelfth to the late twentieth centuries.

From the 19th Century onwards the attractions of the Glen, Castle and Chapel developed Roslin as a popular tourist destination. Notable visitors included J. M. W. Turner,[2] William Wordsworth (who wrote a poem in the chapel whilst escaping a storm)[3] and his sister Dorothy, who wrote “'I never passed through a more delicious dell than the glen of Rosslyn”.[4]

On the north-western side of the village formerly was The Roslin Institute, a biological research establishment, where in 1996 Dolly the sheep became the first animal to be cloned from an adult somatic cell.[5] It moved to Easter Bush in 2011.

Places of interest[edit]

The village sits on the west side of Roslin Glen, now a country park. Overlooking the Glen are Rosslyn Chapel and Roslin Castle.

Roslin War Memorial

The elaborately carved chapel has long been associated with the Knights Templar and the Grail legend,[6] and featured in the best selling book The Da Vinci Code. The popularity of the book and the use of the chapel as a location in the subsequent film greatly increased the number of visitors to the village.[7]

Rosslyn Castle, owned by the family of the Earl of Rosslyn since the 14th century, is in partial ruins.[4] The habitable parts are let as holiday accommodation.[8]

A monument cairn erected by the Roslin Heritage Society at the end of last century, marks the site of the Battle of Roslin.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Plaque at Rosslyn Chapel
  2. ^ "J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 9 Feb 2013. 
  3. ^ William Wordsworth. "Composed in Roslin Chapel During A Storm". Bartleby.com. Retrieved 9 Feb 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Rosslyn Castle History". The Landmark Trust. Retrieved 9 Feb 2013. 
  5. ^ 1997: Dolly the sheep is cloned On This Day, BBC News online
  6. ^ Hargraves, Neil. "Rosslyn and the Grail Myths". scotland.org, Scottish government website. Retrieved 9 Feb 2013. 
  7. ^ Da Vinci Code tourists flock to Scottish chapel, Sue Leemam, Associated Press published on msn,com
  8. ^ "Rosslyn Castle". Landmark Trust. Retrieved 9 Feb 2013. 

External links[edit]