The Roslin Institute
|The Roslin Institute|
|Director||Professor David Hume FRSE|
|Affiliations||University of Edinburgh, BBSRC|
The Roslin Institute is an animal sciences research institute at Easter Bush, Midlothian, Scotland, part of the University of Edinburgh, that is sponsored by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. The current director is Professor David Hume FRSE.
The Institute won international fame in 1996, when Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and their colleagues created Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell, at the institute. A year later Polly and Molly were cloned, both sheep contained a human gene.
Roslin has made many other contributions to animal sciences, especially in the area of livestock improvement and welfare through applications of Quantitative Genetics. In 2007 a Roslin team developed genetically modified chickens capable of laying eggs containing proteins needed to make cancer-fighting drugs.
In April 2007, The Roslin Institute was joined by the Neuropathogenesis Unit of the Institute for Animal Health, well known for its role in deciphering the biology of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (mad cow disease, scrapie, CJD).
In 2008, the Institute was incorporated with the Royal School of Veterinary Studies within the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine of The University of Edinburgh. There are currently more than 400 staff and students.
The Roslin Institute aims to enhance the lives of animals and humans through world class research in animal biology. The principal objectives are to:
- Enhance animal health and welfare through knowledge of genetic factors affecting resistance to disease.
- Enhance sustainability and productivity of livestock systems and food supply chains through understanding of reproductive and developmental biology.
- Enhance food safety by understanding interactions between disease causing organisms and animals.
- Enhance human health through an understanding of basic mechanisms of health and disease and comparative biology of animal species.
- Identify new and emerging zoonoses and understand how pathogens might cross from animals to humans.
- Enhance quality of life for animals by studying the mechanisms and behaviours associated with optimising their environment and life experiences.
In March 2011 The Roslin Institute moved from its previous home in Roslin, a village in Midlothian, to a £60.6M building on the University of Edinburgh's Veterinary Campus at Easter Bush, across the road from the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies' new teaching building. The new building was designed by global architecture firm, HDR, Inc..
- "The Roslin Institute (University of Edinburgh) - Home Page". Retrieved 2011-07-26.
- Campbell, K. H. S.; McWhir, J.; Ritchie, W. A.; Wilmut, I. (1996). "Sheep cloned by nuclear transfer from a cultured cell line". Nature 380 (6569): 64–66. doi:10.1038/380064a0. PMID 8598906.
- Firn, D. (1999). "Roslin Institute upset by human cloning suggestions". Nature Medicine 5 (3): 253. doi:10.1038/6449. PMID 10086368.
- Jayaraman, K. S. (1998). "India's short cow drags Roslin Institute into controversy". Nature 394 (6696): 821. doi:10.1038/29621. PMID 9732859.
- "New home for Roslin Institute". Veterinary Record 169 (2): 34–34. 2011. doi:10.1136/vr.d4061. PMID 21742686.
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