Roslyn, South Dakota

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Roslyn, South Dakota
Town
Location in Day County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Day County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 45°29′47″N 97°29′27″W / 45.49639°N 97.49083°W / 45.49639; -97.49083Coordinates: 45°29′47″N 97°29′27″W / 45.49639°N 97.49083°W / 45.49639; -97.49083
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Day
Incorporated 1914[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
 • Land 0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,864 ft (568 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 183
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 180
 • Density 915.0/sq mi (353.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57261
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-56380[5]
GNIS feature ID 1257490[6]

Roslyn is a town in Day County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 183 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Roslyn is located at 45°29′47″N 97°29′27″W / 45.49639°N 97.49083°W / 45.49639; -97.49083 (45.496323, -97.490960).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2), all of it land.[2]

Roslyn has been assigned the ZIP code 57261 and the FIPS place code 56380.

Attractions[edit]

Since 1999, Roslyn has been home to the International Vinegar Museum.[8] Each year it hosts the International Vinegar Festival.[9]

History[edit]

“Roslyn received its name from Old Roslyn, which was a post office and trading point established in 1882. H.H. Russell, the first postmaster, took the name Roslyn from his native city in Scotland,”[10] although a Norwegian name would have been more appropriate as most of the European settlers in the area were from Norway.

“In 1914, the Soo Line Railroad (Fairmount and Veblen Railway) was being built in the area. In order to secure the line for the community, settlers adjoining the proposed line raised $60,000. The coming of the railroad led to the selection of a new town site. On August 17, 1914, the New Roslyn was plotted and Main Street was established.”[10] Old Roslyn was eventually abandoned.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 183 people, 77 households, and 42 families residing in the town. The population density was 915.0 inhabitants per square mile (353.3/km2). There were 105 housing units at an average density of 525.0 per square mile (202.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.8% White, 1.1% Native American, and 1.1% from two or more races.

There were 77 households of which 15.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.5% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 26% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.71.

The median age in the town was 59.8 years. 16.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 13.6% were from 25 to 44; 23% were from 45 to 64; and 41.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 225 people, 93 households, and 50 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,128.5 people per square mile (434.4/km²). There were 109 housing units at an average density of 546.7 per square mile (210.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.78% White, 1.78% African American and 0.44% Native American.

There were 93 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.2% were non-families. 40.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 29.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 14.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 39.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51 years. For every 100 females there were 77.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,375, and the median income for a family was $24,375. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $18,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,527. About 14.0% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 18.3% of those sixty five or over.

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ 211 Things a Bright Boy can Do by Tom Cutler
  10. ^ a b Roslyn Diamond Jubilee, p. 1