Ross County, Ohio

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Ross County, Ohio
Chillicothe ohio ross county courthouse 2006.jpg
Ross County Courthouse
Seal of Ross County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Ross County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded August 20, 1798[1]
Named for James Ross
Seat Chillicothe
Largest city Chillicothe
Area
 • Total 693.02 sq mi (1,795 km2)
 • Land 689.19 sq mi (1,785 km2)
 • Water 3.84 sq mi (10 km2), 0.55%
Population
 • (2010) 78,064
 • Density 113.3/sq mi (44/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.ross.oh.us

Ross County is a county located in the Appalachian region of the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 78,064, which is an increase of 6.4% from 73,345 in 2000.[2] Its county seat is Chillicothe,[3] the first and third capital of Ohio. Established on August 20, 1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania.[4]

Ross County comprises the Chillicothe, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

As of 1848, Ross County was described as having almost "one hundred enclosures of various sizes, and five hundred mounds," as well as numerous tumuli created by Indigenous peoples of the Americas by Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis in their book, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. They describe the earthworks as ranging from five to 30 feet in size, and enclosures of one to 50 acres large.[5]

Geography[edit]

Countryside northeast of Chillicothe on State Route 180

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 693.02 square miles (1,794.9 km2), of which 689.19 square miles (1,785.0 km2) (or 99.45%) is land and 3.84 square miles (9.9 km2) (or 0.55%) is water.[6] Ross County is the second largest county by total area in Ohio, after Ashtabula County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 8,540
1810 15,514 81.7%
1820 20,619 32.9%
1830 24,068 16.7%
1840 27,460 14.1%
1850 32,074 16.8%
1860 35,071 9.3%
1870 37,097 5.8%
1880 40,307 8.7%
1890 39,454 −2.1%
1900 40,940 3.8%
1910 40,069 −2.1%
1920 41,556 3.7%
1930 45,181 8.7%
1940 52,147 15.4%
1950 54,424 4.4%
1960 61,215 12.5%
1970 61,211 0.0%
1980 65,004 6.2%
1990 69,330 6.7%
2000 73,345 5.8%
2010 78,064 6.4%
Est. 2012 77,429 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 73,345 people, 27,136 households, and 19,185 families residing in the county. The population density was 106 people per square mile (41/km²). There were 29,461 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.74% White, 6.20% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,136 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 108.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,117, and the median income for a family was $43,241. Males had a median income of $35,892 versus $23,399 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,569. About 9.10% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

County officials[edit]

County officials are:

  • County Auditor Tom Spetnagel Jr. (D)
  • County Board of Elections
    • Stephen A. Madru (D)
    • Beth Neal (D)
    • Don Fuller (R)
    • Ron Fields (R)
  • Clerk of Courts Ty D. Hinton (D)
  • Board of Commissioners
    • James M. Caldwell (R) (president)
    • Doug Corcoran (D)
    • Steve Neal (D)
  • Ross County Court of Common Pleas:
    • Judge William J. "Jhan" Corzine III (D)
    • Judge Scott Nusbaum (R)
    • Probate and Juvenile Court Judge Richard G. Ward (R)
    • Magistrate John Di Cesare
  • County Coroner John Gabis (D)
  • County Engineer Charles R. Ortman(R)
  • County Prosecutor Matthew Schmidt (R)
  • County Recorder Kathleen "Kathy" Dunn (D)
  • County Treasurer Jerald A. "Jerry" Byers (D)
  • County Sheriff George Lavender (R)

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 49.8% 15,008 48.3% 14,569 1.9% 583
2008 52.5% 16,759 45.3% 14,455 2.2% 711
2004 54.4% 17,231 44.1% 13,978 1.5% 462
2000 52.7% 13,706 44.8% 11,662 2.5% 648
1996 39.9% 10,286 49.0% 12,649 11.1% 2,862
1992 39.8% 10,825 38.5% 10,452 21.7% 5,896
1988 60.4% 14,563 38.4% 9,271 1.2% 279
1984 66.6% 17,015 31.4% 8,020 2.0% 513
1980 55.5% 13,251 35.1% 8,482 5.2% 1,253
1976 50.4% 11,477 47.2% 10,743 2.3% 531
1972 71.1% 15,573 26.9% 5,879 2.0% 436
1968 50.7% 11,284 30.9% 6,873 18.4% 4,089
1964 43.1% 9,623 56.9% 12,704 0.0% 0
1960 60.9% 14,075 39.1% 9,036 0.0% 0

Ross is a generally Republican county in Presidential and Congressional elections, although Democratic candidates perform fairly well in the county. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, while Bill Clinton won a plurality in Ross in 1996. In 2008, Republican John McCain won 53% of the county's vote.

Ross is part of Ohio's 7th and 18th congressional districts, which are held by Republicans Steve Austria and Bob Gibbs, respectively.

Communities[edit]

Map of Ross County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Other communities[edit]

Education[edit]

Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Center[edit]

Pickaway-Ross lies in the Northern part of the county. Students from the following affiliated Ross and Pickaway county districts at the vocational school.

  • Adena Local School District (Ross County)
  • Chillicothe City School District (Ross County)
  • Huntington Local School District (Ross County)
  • Paint Valley Local School District (Ross County)
  • Southeastern Local School District (Ross County)
  • Unioto Local School District (Ross County)
  • Zane Trace Local School District (Ross County)
  • Circleville City School District (Pickaway County)
  • Logan Elm Local School District (Pickaway County)
  • Westfall Local School District (Pickaway County)

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ross County History". Ross County, Ohio. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Ross County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Ross County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ Squier, E.G. (1848). Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. p. 57. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°20′N 83°04′W / 39.33°N 83.06°W / 39.33; -83.06