Early life and education
Freeman was born in upper [Engadine, Michigan] in 1948 (some sources indicate 1944).
Freeman earned a BS degree in physics from Michigan State University in 1969 and a master’s from University of Illinois in 1971. He worked in the Peace Corps for several years, then went to Teletype Corporation to design a custom PMOS circuit.
Founding of Xilinx
Ross postulated that because of Moore's Law, transistors would be getting less expensive each year, making customizable programmable chips affordable. The idea was "far out" at the time, but the company and technology grew quickly, eventually catching the attention of new-found competitors in what is now a mature industry.
With Bernard Vonderschmitt and James V Barnett II Freeman co-founded Xilinx in 1984, and a year later invented the first Field Programmable Gate Array. Freeman's invention - patent 4,870,302 - is a computer chip full of 'open gates' that engineers can reprogram as much as needed to add new functionality, adapt to changing standards or specifications and make last minute design changes.
Death and legacy
Freeman died in 1989 of pneumonia, only a few years after creating a new industry with the FPGA and launching what would become a multi-billion dollar company.
In 2006, 17 years after his death, Freeman was inducted into the National Inventor's Hall of Fame, which honors men and women responsible for fundamental technology advances for human, social and economic progress. That year was the integrated circuit's 50th anniversary so the hall of fame inductees were themed with inventions fundamental to modern computing.
To honor Freeman's memory, encourage technical innovation, and reward employees, Xilinx began a new tradition in 1992 of honoring a Xilinx employee each year with the Ross Freeman Award for Technical Innovation. Participants are nominated, finalists are chosen by a nomination committee at Xilinx and award winners are chosen by a vote from the company's technical staff.
- Loring Wirbel, EDN, "Remembering Ross Freeman. February 27, 2009. Retrieved on March 16, 2009"
- Xilinx History Page
- Funding Universe. “Xilinx, Inc.” Retrieved January 15, 2009.
- Company Release, "Xilinx Co-Founder Ross Freeman Honored as 2009 National Inventors Hall of Fame Inductee for Invention of FPGA". February 11, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Frederick E. Allen, Forbes, "The Greatest Inventors You've Never Heard Of".February 12, 2009. Retrieved on February 13, 2009.
- Inventor's Hall of Fame Website