Rossa, Switzerland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Rossa (disambiguation).
Rossa
Rossa -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Rossa
Canton Graubünden
District Moesa
46°22′N 9°8′E / 46.367°N 9.133°E / 46.367; 9.133Coordinates: 46°22′N 9°8′E / 46.367°N 9.133°E / 46.367; 9.133
Population 125 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 2 /km2 (5 /sq mi)
Area 58.88 km2 (22.73 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,089 m (3,573 ft)
Postal code 6548
SFOS number 3808
Surrounded by Malvaglia (TI), Biasca (TI), Mesocco, Soazza, Cauco
Website rossa.moesano.ch
SFSO statistics
Rossa is located in Switzerland
Rossa
Rossa

Rossa is a municipality in the district of Moesa in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. Its official language is Italian.

History[edit]

Rossa is first mentioned in 1694.[3]

Geography[edit]

Alp de Cascinarsa
Buffalora hut

Rossa has an area, as of 2006, of 58.9 km2 (22.7 sq mi). Of this area, 9.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 40.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (49.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Calanca sub-district of the Moesa district. It is the highest municipality of Val Calanca.

Demographics[edit]

Rossa has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 125.[1] As of 2008, 10.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -14.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (84.1%), with German being second most common (11.4%) and French being third ( 3.0%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Rossa is; 5 children or 3.8% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 6 teenagers or 4.5% are 10 to 14, and 2 teenagers or 1.5% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 11 people or 8.3% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 9 people or 6.8% are 30 to 39, 23 people or 17.4% are 40 to 49, and 19 people or 14.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 17 people or 12.9% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 22 people or 16.7% are 70 to 79, there are 14 people or 10.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 4 people or 3.0% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 37.2% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the SVP (21.5%) and the FDP (20.2%).[4]

In Rossa about 69.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Rossa has an unemployment rate of 2.22%. As of 2005, there were 4 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. 6 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 8 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1683 c. 450
1773 331
1850 186
1900 181
1950 117
1980 109
1990 108
2000 132

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Rossa in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]