Rossendale and Darwen (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°42′29″N 2°14′24″W / 53.708°N 2.240°W / 53.708; -2.240

Rossendale and Darwen
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rossendale and Darwen in Lancashire.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Electorate 73,443 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Jake Berry (Conservative)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Rossendale and Darwen is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jake Berry, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1983–2010

The constituency is made up as follows:

  • The areas in and around Bacup and Rawtenstall
  • The whole of the semi-rural 'district' of Darwen
  • Grane, Helmshore & Ewood Bridge — part of the area surrounding Haslingden
  • Buckhurst, Deeply Vale, Edenfield, Stubbins & Turn — part of the area in and around Ramsbottom
  • The Belmont, Chapeltown, Edgworth and Entwistle — part of the area in and around Turton
2010-date

Following their review of parliamentary representation in the run-up to the United Kingdom general election, 2010, the Boundary Commission for England's accepted report by Parliament has led to revised boundaries. From the borough of Rossendale, twelve wards are used to create the seat: –

  • Cribden, Eden, Facit and Shawforth, Goodshaw, Hareholme, Healey and Whitworth, Helmshore, Irwell, Longholme, Stacksteads and Whitewell.

Eight wards are as those used in local elections in the Blackburn with Darwen district: –

  • Earcroft, East Rural, Fernhurst, Marsh House, North Turton with Tockholes, Sudell, Sunnyhurst and Whitehall.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of two local government districts with similar characteristics: a working population whose income is close to the national average but varying reliance upon social housing in relative terms to the national average.[3] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 3.5% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 4.2%.[4]

The borough of Rossendale that contributes to the bulk of the population has a 21.5% of its population without a car, whereas this is 30.5% in Blackburn and outside of the seat in Burnley is 32.3%. A relatively high 24% of Rossendale's population were in 2001 without qualifications and a high 25.1% were with level 4 qualifications or above. A higher share, 28.7% of Blackburn's population lacked qualifications, however 19.8% of its population had Level 4 qualifications or above.

In terms of tenure 69.6% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the Rossendale district; this compares to a similar 63.7% across Blackburn. Whereas in Ribble Valley to the north 76.6% of homes fall within this category, in Leeds the figure is 58.2% and in Manchester just 37.8%.[5]

History[edit]

This constituency was created in 1983 and has alternated between the two largest parties MPs during this time; since 1997 the constituency has been a bellwether of the national result.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1983 David Trippier Conservative
1992 Janet Anderson Labour
2010 Jake Berry Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Rossendale and Darwen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jake Berry
Labour Will Straw
General Election 2010: Rossendale and Darwen[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jake Berry 19,691 41.8 +7.1
Labour Janet Anderson 15,198 32.2 −10.7
Liberal Democrat Bob Sheffield 8,541 18.1 +3.2
UKIP David Duthie 1,617 3.4 +1.8
National Front Kevin Bryan 1,062 2.3 N/A
English Democrats Michael Johnson 663 1.4 N/A
Impact Tony Melia 243 0.5 N/A
Independent Mike Siveri 113 0.2 N/A
Majority 4,493 9.5
Turnout 47,128 64.6 +3.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 8.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Rossendale and Darwen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Janet Anderson 19,073 42.9 −5.8
Conservative Nigel Adams 15,397 34.6 −2.1
Liberal Democrat Mike Carr 6,670 15.0 +0.4
BNP Anthony Wentworth 1,736 3.9 N/A
Green Graeme McIver 821 1.8 N/A
UKIP David Duthie 740 1.7 N/A
Majority 3,676 8.3
Turnout 44,437 61.5 +2.8
Labour hold Swing −1.9
General Election 2001: Rossendale and Darwen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Janet Anderson 20,251 49.0 −4.6
Conservative George Anderton Lee 15,028 36.3 +4.0
Liberal Democrat Brian Frederick Dunning 6,079 14.7 +4.1
Majority 5,223 12.6
Turnout 41,358 58.7 −4.14.3
Labour hold Swing −4.3

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Rossendale and Darwen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Janet Anderson 27,470 53.6 +9.7
Conservative Mrs. Patricia M. Buzzard 16,521 32.3 −11.4
Liberal Democrat Brian Frederick Dunning 5,435 10.6 −0.7
Referendum Party Roy R. Newstead 1,108 2.2 N/A
BNP Andrew Wearden 674 1.3 N/A
Majority 10,949 21.4
Turnout 51,208 73.0
Labour hold Swing +10.6
General Election 1992: Rossendale and Darwen[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Janet Anderson 28,028 43.9 +5.6
Conservative David Trippier 27,908 43.7 −2.9
Liberal Democrat Kevin Connor 7,226 11.3 −3.8
Green Jim E. Gaffney 596 0.9 N/A
Natural Law Peter N. Gorrod 125 0.2 N/A
Majority 120 0.2 −8.1
Turnout 63,883 83.0 +2.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +4.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Rossendale and Darwen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Trippier 28,056 46.6 −0.4
Labour Janet Anderson 23,074 38.3 +6.5
Liberal P.J. Hulse 9,097 15.1 −6.1
Majority 4,982 8.3
Turnout 60,227 80.3
Conservative hold Swing −3.5
General Election 1983: Rossendale and Darwen
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Trippier 27,214 47.0 N/A
Labour Chris B. Robinson 18,393 31.8 N/A
Liberal Michael F. Taylor 12,246 21.2 N/A
Majority 8,821 15.2 N/A
Turnout 57,853 77.8 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References