Westbound along Main Street in downtown Rossville
|Motto: "Where You Feel At Home"|
Location of Rossville in the state of Indiana
|Named for||John Ross, settler|
|• Total||0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)|
|• Land||0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||725 ft (221 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,648|
|• Density||3,118.9/sq mi (1,204.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0442329|
In 1832, Thomas Ewing, with his wife and infant child, settled on 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land north of what is now Main Street in Rossville. In 1834, Ewing and Thomas Smith platted the town of Rossville with the intention of starting a blacksmith shop at the location. The town grew steadily and gained a store operated by William Seawright, a saddler (John H. Smith) and a physician (Dr. James Wilson). Residents of Rossville are also referred to as "Rossvillians".
A petition to incorporate the town was filed on October 22, 1870, at which time the town had 339 residents and 66 families. The incorporation election, held November 5, passed with a vote of 35 to 19 and on December 1, 1870, Rossville was incorporated. The town is named for John Ross, a pioneer settler and associate county judge.
Rossville is located at (40.419138, -86.596466).
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,653 people, 611 households, and 451 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,118.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,204.2/km2). There were 652 housing units at an average density of 1,230.2 per square mile (475.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.
There were 611 households of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.99.
The median age in the town was 39.6 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 45.5% male and 54.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,513 people, 555 households, and 411 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,929.8 people per square mile (1,123.4/km²). There were 586 housing units at an average density of 1,134.7 per square mile (435.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.88% White, 0.53% African American, 0.13% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population.
There were 555 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 80.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $48,333, and the median income for a family was $50,694. Males had a median income of $45,000 versus $23,819 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,765. About 2.3% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
Annual cultural events
An annual festival marks the end of summer in Rossville. The event has been held annually since 1984. The festival is held on the fourth full weekend in August, and includes a car show, fireworks, music, performances on the main stage, street fair, parade, programs in the high school auditorium, queen, little miss and mister contest, and town-wide garage sales. The festival concludes with a community-wide worship service.
- "Rossville Indiana". Rossville Indiana. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile for Rossville, Indiana, IN". ePodunk. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- Claybaugh, Joseph (1913). History of Clinton County, Indiana. Indianapolis: A. W. Bowen & Company. p. 31.
- Claybaugh, Joseph (1913). "Ross Township". History of Clinton County, Indiana. Indianapolis: A. W. Bowen & Company.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Summer's End Festival". Town of Rossville, Indiana. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
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