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Rostekhnadzor (the Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision; Russian: Федеральная служба по экологическому, технологическому и атомному надзору (Ростехнадзор)) is the supervisory body of the Government of Russia on ecological, technological and nuclear issues. Its functions include the passage of regulatory legal acts, supervision and oversight in the field of environmental protection with the aim of limiting harmful technogenic impact (including the handling of industrial and consumer waste), safety when working with the sub-soil (e.g. mining), protection of the sub-soil, industrial safety, atomic energy safety (but not including the development, preparation, testing, operation and use of nuclear weapons and military atomic facilities), the safety of electrical and thermal facilities and networks (except for household facilities and networks), the safety of hydraulic structures at industrial and energy sites; the safety of manufacturing, storage, and use of industrial explosives, and also special state security functions in these areas.
Russian Government Resolution №404 of 29 May 2008 transferred Rostekhnadzor to the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment; previously, the service had been directly subordinate to the government. However, this was reversed by President Dmitry Medvedev on 23 June 2010, when he brought it back under the direct control of the government. In accordance with RF Government Resolution No. 54 of 1 February 2006, Rostekhnadzor was entrusted with oversight of the construction industry.
Rostekhnadzor was created in 2004, in a merger of the Federal Atomic Oversight Service and the Federal Technological Oversight Service. Environmental oversight functions were transferred to it after the Federal Environmental and Natural Resource Oversight Service was transformed into the Federal Natural Resources Oversight Service.
The combined structure was initially headed by the former head of the Federal Atomic Oversight Andrei Malyshev, who was acting director of the new service for 18 months.
From 5 December 2005 to 20 September 2008 the service was headed by Konstantin Pulikovsky.
The current head of Rostekhnadzor is Nikolai Kutyin.
Since September 2009, the service has consisted of a Central Administration, 31 territorial directorates for technological and environmental oversight, seven interregional directorates for nuclear and radiation safety, and 16 subordinate agencies. In turn, the Central Administration has nine directorates organized by function.
- "Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision (Rostekhnadzor)". October 2010. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Automatic shutdown system fails at Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP". ITAR-TASS. 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
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