|Traded as||MCX: RTKM
|Key people||Vadim Semyonov, (Chairman) Sergey Kalugin, (CEO)|
|Revenue||USD 10.5 billion (2012)|
|Net income||USD 1.1 billion (2012)|
Rostelecom (Russian: ОАО «Ростелеком») is Russia's leading long-distance telephony provider. Domestic long distance service provides about 50% of the company's revenue, and international long distance calls provide about 25%. The company interconnecting all local public operators’ networks into a single national network for long-distance service. The company is also active in internet research.
Prior to 1990, responsibility for the provision of telecommunications services lie at the Ministry of Communications of the USSR. On June 26, 1990 the Ministry of Communications of the USSR established a state-owned joint-stock company Sovtelekom, which was given the rights to operate the telecommunications network of the USSR.
On December 30, 1992 by order of the State Property Committee of Russia a state-owned enterprise Rostelecom, which consisted of 20 state long-distance and international calls, as well as communication equipment Intertelekom was organized.
Rostelecom was founded on September 23, 1993, when the state registration approved the company. In 1995-1996 the construction of the Central Complex, the unified international and long distance digital communication networks in the country's single telecommunications environment. Rostelecom built the world's longest digital radio link "Moscow - Khabarovsk". From 1998 to 2000, the Group entered into the program to ensure a modern digital communication remote and inaccessible regions of Russia. Were commissioned ground station satellite networks of OJSC "Rostelecom" using frequency satellite resources of the new generation LMI-1 of the International Organization of Space Communications "Intersputnik".
On October 18, 2006 "Rostelecom" received a certificate of quality of IP-MPLS network and became the ISP backbone. In December 2006, Rostelecom and the telecommunications company KDDI in Japan under the "Transit Europe - Asia" signed an agreement to build a line of Nakhodka - Naoetsu with total bandwidth of 640 Gbit/s instead of the previous 560 Mbit/s.
On March 2012 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev ordered a merger between Svyazinvest and Rostelecom within a year. The order, published at pravo.gov.ru state legal website, also stipulated that the Russian government and the country's national development bank Vnesheconombank (VEB) will maintain a holding of over 50 percent to keep control of the new company, which will work under the Rostelecom brand name.
On September 2013 it was announced that the company had deployed one of the world’s largest operator content delivery networks. The network sees the deployment of content servers in 30 major Russian cities by Swedish infrastructure vendor Ericsson, which said that the platform will enable Rostelecom to create sustainable businesses in partnership with over the top (OTT) service providers.
On october 2013 the company completed development and began commercial operations of its single payment system. It simplifies the procedure for payment for all telecommunications services of the company on the territory of Russia and also introduce new services such as "auto-top-up" and "e-commerce" or "single click".
Rostelecom includes the regional incumbent telecommunications operators (CentreTelecom, SibirTelecom, Dalsvyaz, Uralsvyazinform, VolgaTelecom, North-West Telecom and Southern Telecommunications Company) and Dagsvyazinform. Along with its traditional telephony services, Rostelecom provides high-tech telecommunications services, including intelligent network services (INS), video conferencing, broadband Internet access and deployment of virtual private networks (VPN) among others.
Rostelecom has the largest domestic backbone network (approximately 600 thousand km) and last mile connections to approximately 35 million households in Russia. The Company holds licences to provide a wide range of telecommunications services (telephony, data, TV and value-added solutions) to residential, corporate and governmental subscribers and third party operators across all regions of the Russian Federation.
IP transit has been allocated to a separate company, RTComm, using Rostelecom's STM-16 FOCL resources, but Rostelecom is building its own STM-64 (9,9533 Gbit/s) network, which as of August 2006, covered Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar, Volgograd, Stavropol, and planned to cover the whole of Russia by the end of 2006.
In 2010 Rostelecom has commissioned a new fiber-optic line St. Petersburg — Vologda — Archangelsk stretching over 1 thousand km at 24 Gbit/s. At the end of 2013 Rostelecom completed to deploy the Tynda - Yakutsk fiber line which according to the company provides network redundancy, optimizing traffic and increase trunk in areas Tynda - Skovorodino - Khabarovsk.
Rostelecom had 29.2 million local fixed-line voice subscribers, 12.4 million mobile voice subscribers, 7.4 million fixed-line broadband subscribers and 5.5 million pay-TV subscribers at the end of the first quarter of 2010.
On October 2013 Rostelecom has announced the results of its latest tender for set-top boxes. The requirement was for two types of boxes: ‘Interactive TV Standard’ and ‘Interactive TV Standard Plus’. SmartLabs will provide 47 thousand Standard Plus STBs, with the remaining 609 thousand Standard boxes being provided by SmartLabs (304,500), Promzakaz (182,700) and Promsvyaz (121,800).
On March 2013 it was announced that total Pay TV subscriber base increased 12% year-on-year to 6.6 million subscribers. Out of the total subscriber base, the number of interactive TV subscribers more than doubled to 1.4 million, with the penetration of optical networks reaching 34%. Rostelecom’s share of the Interactive TV market was 49%at this period.
Rostelecom and its subsidiaries NSS, Baikalvestkom, Yeniseikom, SkyLink, Volgograd GSM and Akos provide mobile services on the territory of 59 regions of Russia, serving more than 13.5 million subscribers. During the 2010s, Rostelecom and its subsidiaries built mobile networks of the third generation in 27 regions of Russia. Total planned to install more than 8 thousand base stations. Suppliers of equipment and solutions for the 3G+ network are Ericsson and Huawei.
Using the services of the Russian Orbital Group, Rostelecom has built its satellite system for its Eastern region, comprising 11 land stations in Siberia and the Russian Far East. Satellite service for the Western region is being built at this time.
In early 2014 the company owned about 2,500 outlets across Russia. As part of the company strategy, sales services will gradually move from retail stores in the Internet and remote channels. In 2012 the company stetted up a new daughter company, Rostelecom - Retail Systems (Russian: Ростелеком - Розничные системы).
On May 2012 the company has completed phase one of “Project 07”, the national cloud computing platform to be fully put together by 2015 as part of the federal Information Society program. The platform, launched in beta version in March of that year under the o7.com domain name, offers cloud-based software, infrastructure and development platform services (SaaS, IaaS and PaaS, respectively).
Karta Svyazi is a user-friendly prepaid long-distance telephone card service designed to provide telephony and access to the internet for people on the go.
- Россия-Япония: скорость связи вырастет в 1000 раз // CNews.ru, 13.12.2006
- "Medvedev Orders Svyazinvest, Rostelecom Merger", Ria Novosti
- Russia’s Rostelecom deploys “groundbreaking” CDN
- Rostelecom implements unified payment system
- Rostelecom had a new fiber optic line in Arkhangelsk
- ""Ростелеком" достроит магистральный канал Тында-Якутск до конца года". comnews.ru. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- Rostelecom orders 656,000 IPTV set-top boxes
- Rostelecom doubles IPTV subscribers in 2012 to 1.4 million
- "Дочка "Ростелекома" начала тестирование сети 3G+ в Красноярске". comnews.ru. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- ""Ростелеком" уводит продавцов в Интернет". comnews.ru. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- Rostelecom - Russian language and English language
- Svyazinvest - Russian language and English language