|Traded as||MCX: RTKM
|Headquarters||Saint Petersburg (de jure)
Moscow (de facto)
|Revenue||US$8.9 billion (2010)|
Rostelecom (Russian: ОАО «Ростелеком»), which is part of Svyazinvest, is Russia's leading long-distance telephony provider. Domestic long distance service provides about 50% of the company's revenue; and international long distance calls provide about 25%. From the company's website's "Rostelecom Today" page: "In every region of Russia, Rostelecom acts as a “carriers’ carrier” - interconnecting all local public operators’ networks into a single national network for long-distance service." In other words, if one makes a long distance call or originates internet contact to or from Russia, it is likely that Rostelecom is providing part of the service.
Rostelecom now also includes the regional incumbent telecommunications operators (CentreTelecom, SibirTelecom, Dalsvyaz, Uralsvyazinform, VolgaTelecom, North-West Telecom and Southern Telecommunications Company) and Dagsvyazinform. Rostelecom has the largest domestic backbone network (approximately 500 thousand km) and last mile connections to approximately 35 million households in Russia. The Company holds licences to provide a wide range of telecommunications services (telephony, data, TV and value-added solutions) to residential, corporate and governmental subscribers and third party operators across all regions of the Russian Federation.
Rostelecom was founded on September 23, 1993, when the state registration approved the company. In 1995-1996 the construction of the Central Complex, the unified international and long distance digital communication networks in the country's single telecommunications environment. Rostelecom built the world's longest digital radio link "Moscow - Khabarovsk". From 1998 to 2000, the Group entered into the program to ensure a modern digital communication remote and inaccessible regions of Russia. Were commissioned ground station satellite networks of OJSC "Rostelecom" using frequency satellite resources of the new generation LMI-1 of the International Organization of Space Communications "Intersputnik".
On March 2012 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev ordered a merger between Svyazinvest and Rostelecom within a year. The order, published at pravo.gov.ru state legal website, also stipulated that the Russian government and the country's national development bank Vnesheconombank (VEB) will maintain a holding of over 50 percent to keep control of the new company, which will work under the Rostelecom brand name.
Land network 
IP transit has been allocated to a separate company, RTComm, using Rostelecom's STM-16 FOCL resources, but Rostelecom is building its own STM-64 (9,9533 Gbit/s) network, which as of August 2006, covered Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar, Volgograd, Stavropol, and planned to cover the whole of Russia by the end of 2006.
Rostelecom had 29.2 million local fixed-line voice subscribers, 12.4 million mobile voice subscribers, 7.4 million fixed-line broadband subscribers and 5.5 million pay-TV subscribers at the end of the first quarter of 2010.
Satellite network 
Using the services of the Russian Orbital Group, Rostelecom has built its satellite system for its Eastern region, comprising 11 land stations in Siberia and the Russian Far East. Satellite service for the Western region is being built at this time.
Multiservice network 
The company is active in internet research.
Cloud services 
On May 2012 the company has completed phase one of “Project 07”, the national cloud computing platform to be fully put together by 2015 as part of the federal Information Society program. The platform, launched in beta version in March of that year under the o7.com domain name, offers cloud-based software, infrastructure and development platform services (SaaS, IaaS and PaaS, respectively).
Karta Svyazi 
Karta Svyazi is a user-friendly prepaid long-distance telephone card service designed to provide telephony and access to the internet for people on the go.
- Rostelecom - Russian language and English language
- Svyazinvest - Russian language and English language