Roswell, Colorado

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Roswell (38°52′25″N 104°49′10″W / 38.87361°N 104.81944°W / 38.87361; -104.81944[1]) is a populated place that was a 19th-century Colorado railroad junction[2] and settlement "grown up about the coal mines[and] opened up near the bluffs"[3] and that was annexed as part of northern Colorado Springs. Incorporation began with one of the 1st two city annexations--the "Roswell City Addition" on December 1, 1880[3] ("platted on 12 December")[4]--and continued with 4 other Roswell annexations through November 1, 1967, for a total of 245.13 acres (99.20 ha).[5]

History[edit]

The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad (D&RG) had reached the area c. 1875[6] and in 1889, the "town of Roswell"[7] included a Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (CRI&P) railyard at milepost 607.3 of the D&RG.[8] (CRI&P "shops" were in Roswell, its "passenger and freight office" was at 2 E. Pikes Peak Av, and the Depot Hotel and CRI&P passenger/freight stations were downtown "with D. & R. G. R R").[9]

Roswell had surveying benchmarks at the stone Rock Island Round House and at the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad bridge over the CRI&P.[10] Roswell also had a "graded school" building,[3] an "M. E. Church" at Fourth & Beacon,[9] and the Roswell Hotel on First between Main & Tremont,[9] In 1903 the 26.04-acre (10.54 ha) Roswell Park had an equestrian Roswell Race Track[3] of the Colorado Springs Driving Park Association[11] (Colorado Springs Racing Association in 1903)[9] between Beacon, Cascade, and Fourth;[2] as well as a ballpark[12] (cf. the "Eagles Base Ball Park" east of the US Reduction Works[9] and the Boulevard Base Ball Park in Ivywild[3] at Cheyenne Blvd between Center & Willow.)[9] The population was 448 in 1900[4] and 250 in 1911,[13] and Roswell's streets in 1902 included: Brewster, Cable, Elm (a northern city boundary), Holly, Laurel, Low, Myrtle, Parker, Poplar, Rock Island, Roswell, Sage, and part of Cedar.[3] By 1919, Roswell was a transfer station for coal loads from the Pikeview mine to the north and the Keystone mine 4.5 mi (7.2 km) to the east[14] (38°52′05″N 104°47′01″W / 38.86806°N 104.78361°W / 38.86806; -104.78361[15]). In the 1940s, the Roswell race track was used as an automobile speedway.[16]

By 2004, the Roswell City Addition was part of the "Mesa Springs" neighborhood of the city,[4] and current facilities include Roswell Park at 515 Polk St,[1] Roswell Community Church at 2728 Beacon St,[4] and the Pikes Peak Greenway.

External images
[pm000590.tiff 1909 Benford Bryan map (images of roundhouse and turntable)]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Roswell (193476)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  "38.8736039 -104.8194200"
  2. ^ a b "Geo. S. Clason, Denver, Colo." (1906). Tourists guide to Colorado Springs, Manitou, Colorado City and the Pike's Peak Region (Map). http://cdm15981.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p15981coll23/id/27/rec/46. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Town incorporation, city organization and reorganization, also …. 1902. Retrieved 2013-11-03. "Federal Building (appropriated)...135,000 ... Boulevard Base Ball Park…is the home of the Colorado Springs ball team of the Western League. … It has a grass diamond, grandstand and bleachers, seating about 3,000 people. The tract is 10.27 acres. ... Colorado City...on July 7, 1861, the first territorial legislature organized there. On the 11th, the members voted to adjourn to Denver, where the capital has ever since been located. … On the north is a small settlement known as Roswell, and in the last three years a considerable settlement has grown up about the coal mines, that have been opened up near the bluffs. … Dairies…Smith, Roswell"  (pp. 102, 209, 212, 231) NOTE: The Colorado Springs Post Office and Federal Courthouse at 210 Pikes Peak Ave) was added to the NRHP in 1986.
  4. ^ a b c d Environmental Assessment: I-25 Improvements Through the Colorado Springs Urbanized Area (Report). SpringsGov.com. http://www.springsgov.com/Files/hispresplan.pdf. Retrieved 2013-11-02. "Walter D. Baker, a prominent real estate developer, and John H. Strauss, a local horse rancher, platted the land north of the Roswell Addition"
  5. ^ annexdata.xls (spreadsheet), SpringsGov.com, retrieved 2013-10-27 
  6. ^ United States Geological Survey (1999). Historic Trail Map of the Denver 1degx2 deg Quadrangle, Central Colorado: Geologic Investigations Series I-2639 (Sheet 1 of 2) (Map). Cartography by Scott, Glenn R.. http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i-2639/Plate1.pdf.
  7. ^ title tbd (Report). year tbd. http://davehugheslegacy.net/files/Howbert_Memoriesof_a_Lifetime_in_the_Pikes_Peak_Region_PDF.pdf. Retrieved 2013-20-28. "town of Roswell"
  8. ^ http://www.donwinter.com/Railroad%20Infrastructure%20and%20Traffic%20Data/Trunk%20Routes/Denver%20to%20Chicago%20(CRIP)/Route%20Descriptions/Roswell%20to%20Limon.htm
  9. ^ a b c d e f The Giles City Directory of Colorado Springs and Manitou (almanac). The Giles Directory Company. May 1903. Retrieved 2013-11-02. "Colorado Springs and Cripple Creek District Railway Company...general offices, Durkee building. City passenger office, 16 N. Tejon....Depot with D. & R. G. R. R.; freight station corner Conejos and Moreno ave." 
  10. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=YqNeDSV1A3IC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=%22Pike+View%22+station+colorado&source=bl&ots=VWB6W4Q_-H&sig=B-b9oBFoDIGuTsA_gOaqIiCLbK0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jTNtUr6vGoKnkQfisYGIAQ&ved=0CFcQ6AEwCTgK#v=onepage&q=%22Pike%20View%22%20station%20colorado&f=false
  11. ^ Colorado Springs Directory (almanac), Pikes Peak Library District website, 1898, retrieved 2013-11-05 
  12. ^ title tbd (Google books) (advertisement), retrieved 2013-10-29 
  13. ^ (Joy Fisher transcript) Colorado Business Directory, Roswell, El Paso County (Report). The Gazetteer Publishing Co.. 1911. http://files.usgwarchives.org/co/elpaso/directories/1911-roswell.txt. Retrieved 2013-11-01. "Fitzsimmons Harry, mgr Rock Island Round House."
  14. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission Reports (Google news archive). Volume 55. 1919. Retrieved 2013-10-29. "Coal from the Pikeview mine destined to points on the Rock Island east of Colorado…When shipped in trainloads is usually interchanged at Roswell …[the Pikeview mine] competes with the Keystone mine, which is located 4.5 miles east of Roswell at the terminus of a branch line operated by the Rock Island. … Both of the mines are in what is commonly known as the Colorado Springs lignite coal field." 
  15. ^ "Keystone Mine (1734070)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-11-03. 
  16. ^ http://radiocoloradocollege.org/2011/01/ppld-historic-photo-of-the-day-11111-roswell-race-track/