|Full name||Rot-Weiss Essen e. V.|
|Founded||1 February 1907|
|League||Regionalliga West (IV)|
|2013–14||Regionalliga West (IV), 9th|
The club was formed as SV Vogelheim on 1 February 1907 out of the merger of two smaller clubs: SC Preussen and Deutsche Eiche. In 1910, Vogelheim came to an arrangement with Turnerbund Bergeborbeck that allowed the two clubs to field a football side. The footballers left in 1913 to set up their own club, Spiel- und Sportverein Emscher-Vogelheim, which changed its name to Spiel und Sport 1912 after World War I. Finally, in 1923, this side turned again to Turnerbund Bergeborbeck to create Rot-Weiss Essen.
Breakthrough to the Gauliga
In 1938, RWE broke into top-flight football in the Gauliga Niederrhein, one of sixteen premier divisions formed in the 1933 re-organization of German football under the Third Reich, and came within a point of taking the division title in 1941. In 1943 they played with BV Altenessen as the combined wartime side KSG SC Rot-Weiß Essen/BV 06 Altenessen. The next season this club was in turn joined by BVB Essen, but played only a single match in a stillborn season as World War II overtook the country.
Rise and fall
The club returned to first division football in the Oberliga West in 1948, where a series of solid performances led to a divisional championship in 1952. The pinnacle of the club's success came with a 2–1 win over Alemannia Aachen in the 1953 DFB-Pokal final, followed by a national championship in 1955 when it beat 1. FC Kaiserslautern 4–3. The following season, Rot-Weiss became the first German side to qualify for the European Cup.
Their performance tailed off after this and RWE became just another mid-table side before they were relegated in 1961. The club then played most of the 1960s as a second division side, but did manage its first appearance in the top-flight Bundesliga in 1966–67. It returned to the Bundesliga for two seasons in 1969–70, and again, for four seasons beginning in 1973–74. Since then Rot-Weiss has been a solid second- or third-tier club, with just one season spent in the Oberliga Nordrhein (IV) in 1998–99.
The club has been plagued by financial problems that saw it denied a license in 1984, 1991, and 1994, leading to demotion from the 2.Bundesliga each time as a result. Bright spots during this period included winning the German amateur championship in 1992 and an appearance in the 1994 DFB-Pokal final, which they lost 1–3 to SV Werder Bremen.
RWE returned to the Regionalliga Nord (III) in 1999, and dropped still further to the Oberliga (IV) the next season. In 2004, they won promotion back to the 2. Bundesliga, but stumbled to a 17th place finish and were relegated once again. They reappeared in second division play on the strength of a first place Regionalliga finish, but narrowly missed staying up when they lost the critical final match of the 2006–07 season 0–3 to Duisburg. Rot-Weiss became a fourth division side following the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 and a fifth division team after insolvency 2010.
Until 2012 Rot-Weiss used to play in the Georg-Melches-Stadion (capacity 15,000), named in honour of a former club president. Since August 2012 RWE has played in the new Stadion Essen (capacity 20,000). The naming rights to the stadium include RWE AG.
Although mostly playing in lower divisions, the club enjoys solid fan support, with an average attendance of better than 6,000 per game currently (2010–11).
|2013–14||7.684||Regionalliga West (IV)|
|2012–13||8.008||Regionalliga West (IV)|
|2011–12||6.815||Regionalliga West (IV)|
|2009–10||5.956||Regionalliga West (IV)|
|2008–09||7.077||Regionalliga West (IV)|
|2007–08||10.021||Regionalliga Nord (III)|
|2006–07||13.436||2. Bundesliga (II)|
|2005–06||12.290||Regionalliga Nord (III)|
|2004–05||14.176||2. Bundesliga (II)|
Fortuna Düsseldorf, Rot-Weiß Oberhausen and Wuppertaler SV Borussia are local rivals when they are playing in the same league (as took place in the 2007–08 season). In the past, the local derbies versus Schwarz-Weiß Essen were big events, sometimes followed by more than 30,000 fans. The club's fiercest rivalry is with FC Schalke 04, from nearby Gelsenkirchen, with whom they contest the Ruhrderby.
- In 1956, the team's home field became the first stadium in West Germany to have floodlights.
The club's honours:
- German championship
- Champions: 1955
- German amateur championship
- Champions: 1992
- Oberliga West
- Champions: 1952, 1955
- Regionalliga West
- Champions: 1973
- Regionalliga Nord
- Champions: 2004, 2006
- Champions: 2011
- Oberliga Nordrhein
- Champions: 1985, 1986, 1993, 1999
As of 6 August, 2014.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Elek Schwartz (1955–1957)
- Fritz Pliska (1965–1967)
- Erich Ribbeck (1967–1968)
- Herbert Burdenski (1969–1971)
- Janos Bedl (1971–1972)
- Horst Witzler (1973)
- Ivica Horvath (1975–1976)
- Diethelm Ferner (1978–1979)
- Rolf Schafstall (1979–1981)
- Rolf Bock (1982–1983)
- Janos Bedl (1983–1984)
- Siegfried Melzig (1984)
- Horst Hrubesch (1986–1987)
- Peter Neururer (1987)
- Horst Franz (1987–1988)
- Siegfried Melzig (1988)
- Hans-Werner Moors (1989–1991)
- Jürgen Röber (1991–1993)
- Wolfgang Frank (1994–1995)
- Rudi Gores (1995–1997)
- Klaus Berge (1998–1999)
- Fritz Fuchs (1999)
- Klaus Berge (1999–2001)
- Harry Pleß (2001–2003)
- Holger Fach (2003)
- Jürgen Gelsdorf (2003–2005)
- Uwe Neuhaus (2005–2006)
- Lorenz-Günther Köstner (2006–2007)
- Heiko Bonan (2007–2008)
- Michael Kulm (2008–2009)
- Ralf Aussem (2009)
- Ernst Middendorp (2009)
- Ralf Aussem (2009–2010)
- Uwe Erkenbrecher (2009–2010)
- Waldemar Wrobel (2010–2014)
- Marc Fascher (since 2014)
- "Regionalliga West 2013/2014 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" (in German). weltfussball.de. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Vereinsgeschichte" (in German). Rot-weiss-essen.de. 27 June 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "RW Essen ernennt Pelé zum Ehrenmitglied" (in German). fussball.com. 28 October 2005. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Pelé Ehrenmitglied bei RWE" (in German). Morgenpost.de. 29 October 2005. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Official website (German)