Rota is the southernmost of the CNMI.
|Area||85.38 km2 (32.965 sq mi)|
|Commonwealth||Northern Mariana Islands|
|Population||2,527 (2010 - U.S. Census Bureau) (as of 2010)|
Rota (Chamorro: Luta) also known as the Peaceful Island, is the southernmost island of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) and the second southernmost of the Marianas Archipelago. It lies approximately 40 miles north-northeast of the United States territory of Guam. Songsong village is the largest and most populated followed by Sinapalo village (Sinapalu).
In 1521 the first European to see Rota was the lookout on Magellan's ship Victoria, Lope Navarro. However, Magellan's armada of three ships didn't stop until they reached Guam, so the first European to arrive in Rota (in 1524), was Spanish navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano, who annexed it together with the rest of the Marianas Archipelago on behalf of the Crown of Spain. The Japanese garrison during World War II consisted of 1,031 Imperial Japanese Army men of the 10th Independent Mixed Brigade, under the command of Major Shigeo Imagawa, and about 600 Imperial Japanese Navy men. The current mayor is Melchor A. Mendiola, a local businessman.
Rota is approximately 11 miles (17 km) long and 3 miles (5 km) wide. Its coastline is about 38 miles (62 km) long. The highest point on Rota is Mt. Manira which is 1,625 feet (495 m) high. Rota is 47 miles (76 km) north of Guam, and is 63 miles (101 km) south of Tinian and is 73 miles (117 km) south of Saipan. Rota has diverse flora and fauna.
Rota has an airport, Rota International Airport.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Public School System operates public schools.
Rota has two public schools:
- Dr. Rita Hocog Inos Junior & Senior High School. In August 2011, Rota's junior and senior high schools were merged due to budget concerns. They are now Dr. Rita Hocog Inos Junior & Senior High School. With this merger, the junior high now consists only of the 7th and 8th grades. The 6th grade was moved to Sinapalo Elementary in Sinapalo Village. RHIJSHS is located on the former junior high school campus in Songsong Village.
- Sinapalo Elementary School is located in Sinapalo village.
Rota's elementary school and junior high school (middle school) were formerly located in the same area and shared class buildings at Songsong village. After the new elementary school was built in Sinapalo, the Songsong village school ground was reopened as Rota Junior High. In 2010, the junior high school was renamed for the former Commissioner of Education, Dr. Rita Hocog Inos.
Rota has two private schools:
- Eskuelan San Francisco De Borja (ESFDB): Prep-9th Grade (Located in Songsong Village)
- Grace Christian Academy (GCA): Prep-9th Grade (Located in Sinapalo Village)
See also 
- U.S. Census Bureau Releases 2010 Census Population Counts for the Northern Mariana Islands - August 24, 2011
- Takizawa, Akira; Alsleben, Allan (1999–2000). "Japanese garrisons on the by-passed Pacific Islands 1944-1945". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942.
- L, Klemen (1999-2000). "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Rota Island|
- Rota Municipality, United States Census Bureau[dead link]
- Pascal Horst Lehne and Christoph Gäbler: Über die Marianen. Lehne-Verlag, Wohldorf in Germany 1972. and Rota