Rotax 503

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503
Rotax 503 display.JPG
Rotax 503 trade show display
Type Piston aero-engine
National origin Austria
Manufacturer Rotax
Major applications Quad City Challenger
Blue Yonder EZ Flyer
Produced until 2011
A Rotax 503 mounted on a Flightstar II ultralight
The prototype Blue Yonder Twin Engine EZ Flyer is powered by two 503s in pusher configuration
Air Creation Racer ultralight trike with Rotax 503 mounted up-right. Below the muffler is the smaller after-muffler.

The Rotax 503 is a 37 kW (50 hp), inline 2-cylinder, two-stroke aircraft engine, built by BRP-Rotax GmbH & Co. KG of Austria for use in ultralight aircraft.[1][2]

As of 2011 the Rotax 503 is no longer in production.[3]

Design and development[edit]

The Rotax 503 features piston ported, air-cooled cylinder heads and cylinders, utilizing either a fan or free air for cooling. Lubrication is either by use of pre-mixed fuel and oil or oil injection from an externally mounted oil tank. The 503 has dual independent breakerless, magneto capacitor-discharge ignition (CDI) systems and can be equipped with either one or two piston-type carburetors. It uses a manifold-driven pneumatic fuel pump to provide fuel pressure. An optional High Altitude Compensation kit is available.[1][2]

The engine's propeller drive is via a Rotax type B, C, or E style gearbox. The standard engine includes a muffler exhaust system with an extra after-muffler as optional. The standard starter is a recoil start type, with an electric starter optional. An integral alternating current generator producing 170 watts at 12 volts with external rectifier-regulator is optional. The engine includes an intake air filter and can be fitted with an intake silencer system.[1][2]

Limitations[edit]

The manufacturer acknowledges the design limitations of this engine, warning pilots:[1]

"This engine, by its design, is subject to sudden stoppage. Engine stoppage can result in crash landings, forced landings or no power landings. Such crash landings can lead to serious bodily injury or death...This is not a certificated aircraft engine. It has not received any safety or durability testing, and conforms to no aircraft standards. It is for use in experimental, uncertificated aircraft and vehicles only in which an engine failure will not compromise safety. User assumes all risk of use, and acknowledges by his use that he knows this engine is subject to sudden stoppage...Never fly the aircraft equipped with this engine at locations, airspeeds, altitudes, or other circumstances from which a successful no-power landing cannot be made, after sudden engine stoppage. Aircraft equipped with this engine must only fly in DAYLIGHT VFR conditions."[1]

Applications[edit]

Specifications (503)[edit]

Data from OPERATORS MANUAL FOR ENGINE TYPES 447, 503 & 582[1]

General characteristics

  • Type: two-stroke air-cooled aeroengine
  • Bore: 72 mm (2.84 in)
  • Stroke: 61 mm (2.4 in)
  • Displacement: 496.7 cc (30.31 cu in)
  • Dry weight: 31.4 kg (69 lb) (dry, no exhaust system)

Components

  • Valvetrain: piston ports
  • Fuel system: pneumatic pump pressurized
  • Fuel type: regular autofuel
  • Oil system: premixed in the fuel at 50:1 or oil injection
  • Cooling system: fan or free air
  • Reduction gear: Rotax 'B' gearbox: 2.00, 2.24 or 2.58 ratios; Rotax 'C' or 'D' gearbox: 2.62, 3.00, 3.47 or 4.00 ratios

Performance

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f BRP-Rotax GmbH & Co. KG (2006). "OPERATORS MANUAL FOR ENGINE TYPES 447, 503 & 582". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  2. ^ a b c Raisner, William: LEAF catlog, pages 6-105. Leading Edge Airfoils, 1995.
  3. ^ "Rotax Website - Aircraft Overview". Brp-powertrain.com. Retrieved 2012-09-01. 

External links[edit]