Place of origin
|Denmark and Germany|
|Potato starch, red summer berries, black cherries, sugar|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
Rødgrød (Danish, pronounced [ˈʁœðˀɡʁœðˀ]), rote Grütze (German), or Rode Grütt (Low German), meaning "red groats", is a sweet fruit dish from Denmark and Germany. The name of the dish in Danish features many of the elements of Danish that make Danish difficult for non-native speakers to pronounce, and 'rødgrød med fløde' (rødgrød with cream) is a commonly used shibboleth.
Rødgrød or rote Grütze was traditionally made of groat or grit, as revealed by the second component of the name in Danish, German or Low German. Semolina and sago are still used in some family recipes; potato starch is today the standard choice to achieve a creamy to pudding-like starch gelatinization. The essential ingredients that justify the adjective are red summer berries such as redcurrant, blackcurrant, raspberries, strawberries, blackberries, bilberries and stoned black cherries. The essential flavour can be achieved with redcurrant alone; a small amount of blackcurrant will add variety; sugar is used to intensify the flavour. The amounts of starch, sago, semolina differ with the solidity desired; 20 to 60 grams on a kilogram or liter of the recipe are usual; sago, groat or grit have to soak before they can be used.
The preparation is basically that of a pudding: The fruits are cooked briefly with sugar. The mass should cool down for a moment so that the starch—dissolved in fruit juice or water—can be stirred into it without clumping. A second cooking process of one to two minutes is needed to start the gelatinization; remaining streaks of white starch have to clear up in this process.
Several variants are known in Germany; grüne Grütze is made from gooseberries, often in combination with kiwifruit and pineapple, while peaches, yellow gooseberries, pineapple, bananas, gold kiwifruit or other yellow fruits yield gelbe Grütze. Blackberries, blueberries, plums, blackcurrant and grapes can be used to make blaue Grütze.
- Use of "Rødgrød med fløde" as Danish shibboleth during World War II
- Youtube video with Danes pronouncing "Rødgrød med fløde"