Rother

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Rother District
Non-metropolitan district
Rother shown within East Sussex
Rother shown within East Sussex
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Non-metropolitan county East Sussex
Status Non-metropolitan district
Admin HQ Bexhill-on-Sea
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Rother District Council
 • Leadership Leader and Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs Gregory Barker
Amber Rudd
Area
 • Total 197.6 sq mi (511.8 km2)
Area rank 91st (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 90,700
 • Rank 258th (of 326)
 • Density 460/sq mi (180/km2)
 • Ethnicity 98.1% White
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 21UG (ONS)
E07000064 (GSS)
OS grid reference TQ7388508555
Website www.rother.gov.uk

Rother is a local government district in East Sussex, England. The district is named after the River Rother which flows within its boundaries.

History[edit]

The District of Rother was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Bexhill, the Municipal Borough of Rye and Battle Rural District. It is one of three districts within the county without borough status and is the easternmost one: the other two being Lewes to the west, and Wealden in the centre. The Borough of Hastings lies surrounded by Rother.

Governance[edit]

Rother District Council offices are based in Bexhill-on-Sea.

The district is second-level in local government. There are 38 members of the Council, representing 20 wards.[1] Bexhill has nine wards: the remaining councillors represent the other 11 wards.

Ward Population (2007) Councillors Ratio
Battle Town 4919 2 2460
Brede Valley 4698 2 2349
Central (Bexhill) 5106 2 2553
Collington (Bexhill) 4292 2 2146
Crowhurst 2546 1 2546
Darwell 4901 2 2451
Eastern Rother 4817 2 2409
Ewhurst and Sedlescombe 2382 1 2382
Kewhurst (Bexhill) 4500 2 2250
Marsham 3736 2 1868
Old Town (Bexhill) 3780 2 1890
Rother Levels 4627 2 2314
Rye 4108 2 2054
Sackville (Bexhill) 4577 2 2289
St Marks (Bexhill) 4590 2 2295
St Michaels (Bexhill) 4629 2 2315
St Stephens (Bexhill) 4366 2 2183
Salehurst 4430 2 2215
Sidley (Bexhill) 5333 2 2667
Ticehurst and Etchingham 4168 2 2084
Total Rother 86505 38 2276

The lowest level of local government is the civil parish: there are 29 within the Rother District[2] which are:

Parish Type Area (sq mi) Population (2007) Pop Density /sq mi
Ashburnham and Penhurst Parish Council 22.4 370 43
Battle Town Council 31.8 6171 503
Beckley Parish Council 22.8 1012 115
Bexhill-on-Sea None 32.3 41173 3300
Bodiam Parish Council 6.5 391 156
Brede Parish Council 17.6 1715 252
Brightling Parish Council 19.8 366 48
Burwash Parish Council 30.1 2511 216
Camber Parish Council 14.1 1229 227
Catsfield Parish Council 12.2 805 171
Crowhurst Parish Council 10.1 859 219
Dallington Parish Council 7.9 310 102
Etchingham Parish Council 13.4 747 145
Ewhurst Parish Council 23.6 1052 115
Fairlight Parish Council 6.1 1682 711
Guestling Parish Council 15.9 1273 207
Hurst Green Parish Council 10.4 1451 362
Icklesham Parish Council 23.5 2804 309
Iden Parish Council 12.0 457 98
Mountfield Parish Council 15.3 573 97
Northiam Parish Council 14.5 2094 374
Peasmarsh Parish Council 15.8 1167 191
Pett Parish Council 6.5 781 311
Playden & East Guldeford See note 16.6 327 51
Rye Town Council 4.2 4108 2564
Rye Foreign Parish Council 3.9 354 238
Salehurst and Robertsbridge Parish Council 18.2 2588 369
Sedlescombe Parish Council 12.6 1330 273
Ticehurst Parish Council 32.5 3421 272
Udimore Parish Council 11.7 365 81
Westfield Parish Council 19.1 2618 355
Whatlington Parish Council 6.0 401 172
Total Rother 509.4 86505 440

Playden and East Guldeford are merged in the statistical analysis although they are both civil parishes in their own right. Playden has a Parish Council whilst East Guldeford holds a Parish Meeting.

Geography[edit]

Rother District covers two areas of relief: to the south, a section of the High Weald; and to the north the lower land, named the Rother Levels, across which flow the River Rother, which rises on the Weald and flows easterly towards Rye Bay, and its tributaries. For much of the course of the main river it constitutes the boundary between East Sussex and Kent, and is given the alternative title of the ’’Kent Ditch’’. Tributaries of the river include the Rivers Dudwell, Tillingham and Brede.

The district reaches the coast in the vicinity of Bexhill, and on the shores of Rye Bay.

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[3]

Climate data for Rother, UK
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
17
(63)
19
(66)
23
(73)
22
(72)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14.2
(57.4)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
1
(34)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9
(48)
6
(43)
3
(37)
1
(34)
5.5
(41.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 43
(1.7)
30
(1.2)
28
(1.1)
43
(1.7)
28
(1.1)
41
(1.6)
89
(3.5)
38
(1.5)
61
(2.4)
48
(1.9)
43
(1.7)
66
(2.6)
558
(22)
Avg. precipitation days 21 19 22 20 16 19 16 16 19 22 21 21 232
Source: Weatherbase [4]

Transport[edit]

There are several main roads crossing the district. The major trunk road is the A21, London to Hastings road; it is joined by the A28 road from Ashford road near Hastings; which in turn is crossed by the A268 Hawkhurst to Rye road. There is also the A259 coastal route

The Hastings Line, East Coastway Line and the Marshlink Line are the three railway lines in the District; The Kent and East Sussex Railway tourist line terminates at Bodiam.

Long-distance footpaths include the Sussex Border Path; and the Saxon Shore Way, which links with the 1066 Country Walk.

Landmarks[edit]

Major landmarks include Bodiam and Camber Castles; and Battle Abbey.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 50°50′59.24″N 0°28′13.81″E / 50.8497889°N 0.4705028°E / 50.8497889; 0.4705028