Rotherham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°25′48″N 1°21′25″W / 53.430°N 1.357°W / 53.430; -1.357

Rotherham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rotherham in South Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of South Yorkshire within England.
County South Yorkshire
Electorate 63,131 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Rotherham
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Sarah Champion (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Southern West Riding of Yorkshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Rotherham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Sarah Champion, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

This constituency was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Rotherham has returned Labour MPs since 1933 following the earlier period before 1923 dominated by the Liberal and Conservative parties. In every example the majority has been relatively large in this period, meaning that since that date the result has been a safe seat.

Boundaries[edit]

Rotherham constituency is one of three borough constituencies in the borough. The current boundary configuration was confirmed in 2005.[2] It is formed with the Rotherham borough electoral wards:

It borders Rother Valley, Sheffield South East, Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough, Penistone and Stocksbridge, and Wentworth and Dearne.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of one local government district: a working population whose income is on average slightly below the national average and close to average reliance upon social housing.[4] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood at 7% and 9.6% male unemployment of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 4.7%. This was considerably higher also than the constituencies that share the borough.[5]

The borough contributing to the seat has a relatively high 26.6% of its population without a car compared to 20.1% in Bassetlaw and 30.3% in Sheffield. In terms of extremes of education 29.8% of the population in 2011 were without qualifications, contrasted with 17.4% with level 4 qualifications or above.

In terms of tenure 65.2% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the borough.[6] In the 10 years to the April 2011 Census the social rented sector saw a 4.9% reduction and the private rented sector a 5.3% increase; outright ownership saw a 3.8% increase.[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1885 Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland Liberal
1899 by-election William Henry Holland Liberal
1910 by-election Joseph Pease Liberal
1917 by-election Arthur Richardson Lib-Lab
1918 Frederic Arthur Kelley Conservative
1923 Fred William Lindley Labour
1931 George Herbert Conservative
1933 by-election William Dobbie Labour
1950 Jack Jones Labour
1963 by-election Brian O'Malley Labour
1976 by-election Stan Crowther Labour
1992 Jimmy Boyce Labour
1994 by-election Denis MacShane Labour
2010[8][9] Independent Labour
2012 Labour
2012 by-election Sarah Champion Labour

Elections[edit]

Rotherham election results


Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Rotherham by-election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sarah Champion 9,966 46.3 +1.7
UKIP Jane Collins 4,648 21.8 +15.9
BNP Marlene Guest 1,804 8.5 -1.9
Respect Yvonne Ridley 1,778 8.3
Conservative Simon Wilson 1,157 5.4 -11.3
English Democrats David Wildgoose 703 3.3
Independent Simon Copley 582 2.7
Liberal Democrat Michael Beckett 451 2.1 -13.9
TUSC Ralph Dyson 261 1.2
Independent Paul Dickson 51 0.2
no description Clint Bristow 29 0.1
Majority 5,318
Turnout 21,330 33.63 -25.37
Labour hold Swing -7.1
General Election 2010: Rotherham[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Denis MacShane 16,741 44.6 −13.1
Conservative Jackie Whiteley 6,279 16.7 +3.4
Liberal Democrat Rebecca Taylor 5,994 16.0 −0.4
BNP Marlene Guest 3,906 10.4 +4.5
Independent Peter Thirlwall 2,366 6.3 +6.3
UKIP Caven Vines 2,220 5.9 +2.0
Majority 10,462 27.9
Turnout 37,506 59.0 +4.9
Labour hold Swing −8.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Denis MacShane 15,840 52.8 -11.1
Liberal Democrat Tim Gordon 5,159 17.2 +6.6
Conservative Lee Rotherham 4,966 16.6 -2.8
BNP Marlene Guest 1,986 6.6 N/A
UKIP David Cutts 1,122 3.7 +1.2
Green Dick Penycate 905 3.0 +1.0
Majority 10,681 35.6
Turnout 29,978 55.1 +4.4
Labour hold Swing -8.8
General Election 2001: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Denis MacShane 18,759 63.9 -7.4
Conservative Richard Powell 5,682 19.4 +5.1
Liberal Democrat Charles Hall 3,117 10.6 +0.2
UKIP Peter Griffith 730 2.5 N/A
Green Dick Penycate 577 2.0 N/A
Socialist Alliance Freda Smith 352 1.2 N/A
John Lilburne Democratic Party Geoffrey Bartholomew 137 0.5 N/A
Majority 13,077 44.5
Turnout 29,354 50.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Denis MacShane 26,852 71.3 +7.4
Conservative Simon Gordon 5,383 14.3 −9.4
Liberal Democrat David B. Wildgoose 3,919 10.4 −1.9
Referendum Party Ray T. Hollebone 1,132 3.0 N/A
ProLife Alliance Andrew Neal 364 1.0 N/A
Majority 21,469 57.0
Turnout 37,650 62.9 -8.8
Labour hold Swing
Rotherham by-election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Denis MacShane 14,912 55.6 −8.3
Liberal Democrat David B. Wildgoose 7,958 29.7 +17.4
Conservative Nick Gibb 2,649 9.9 −13.8
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 1,114 4.2 N/A
Natural Law Keith Laycock 173 0.6 N/A
Majority 6,954 25.9
Turnout 26,806 43.7 −28.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Rotherham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jimmy Boyce 27,933 63.9 +4.3
Conservative Stephen J.D. Yorke 10,372 23.7 +1.7
Liberal Democrat David B. Wildgoose 5,375 12.3 −5.9
Majority 17,561 40.2 +2.6
Turnout 43,680 71.7 +2.4
Labour hold Swing +1.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Crowther 25,422 59.7
Conservative J. C. C. Stephens 9,410 22.1
Liberal Pete Bowler 7,766 18.2
Majority 16,012 37.6
Turnout 69.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Crowther 22,236 54.3
Conservative Chris Middleton 10,527 25.7
Liberal Pete Bowler 8,192 20.0
Majority 11,709 28.6
Turnout 67.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Crowther 26,580 60.6
Conservative D. Hinckley 13,145 29.9
Liberal I. House 3,686 8.4
National Front K. Davies 490 1.1
Majority 13,435 30.6
Turnout 72.1
Labour hold Swing
Rotherham by-election, 1976
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Crowther 14,351 50.69 -13.89
Conservative Douglas Hinckley 9,824 34.70 +12.64
Liberal Beth Graham 2,214 7.82 -5.53
National Front George Wright 1,696 5.99 N/A
World Grid Sunshine Room Party Peter Bishop 129 0.46 N/A
English National Robin Atkinson 99 0.35 N/A
Turnout 28,313
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian O'Malley 25,874 64.6
Conservative R. A. Hambro 8,840 22.1
Liberal V. Bottomley 5,350 13.4
Majority 17,034 42.5
Turnout 65.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian O'Malley 27,088 60.0
Conservative D. Lewis 10,354 22.9
Liberal J. Hughes 7,726 17.1
Majority 16,734 37.1
Turnout 74.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian O'Malley 25,246 66.4
Conservative E. R. Cooke 12,770 33.6
Majority 12,476 32.8
Turnout 62.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian O'Malley 27,402 69.7
Conservative E. R. Cooke 11,925 30.3
Majority 15,477 39.4
Turnout 68.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian O'Malley 27,585 66.5
Conservative J. M. Barrass 13,907 33.5
Majority 13,678 33.0
Turnout 71.6
Labour hold Swing
by-election 1963: Rotherham[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian O'Malley 22,411 69.2
Conservative J. M. Barrass 9,209 28.5
Independent A. Fox 742 2.3
Majority 13,202
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack Jones 28,298 62.8
Conservative R. Hall 16,759 37.2
Majority 11,539 25.6
Turnout 78.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack Jones 27,423 63.3
Conservative W. G. Blake 15,882 36.7
Majority 11,541 26.7
Turnout 77.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack Jones 31,124 65.6
Conservative W. G. Blake 16,317 34.4
Majority 14,807 31.2
Turnout 84.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack Jones 31,211 64.4
Conservative Richard Body 14,744 30.5
Liberal M. Foster 2,458 5.1
Majority 16,467 33.9
Turnout 87.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Dobbie 35,654 74.2
Liberal National E. H. Phillips 12,420 25.8
Majority 23,234 48.4
Turnout 76.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Dobbie 29,725 67.5
Liberal National Thomas Worrall Casey 14,298 32.5
Majority 15,427 35.0
Turnout 76.7
Labour hold Swing
Rotherham by-election, 1933
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Dobbie 28,767 69.1
Conservative Henry Maxence Cavendish Drummond Wolff 12,893 30.9
Majority 15,874 38.2
Turnout 73.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Herbert 23,596 50.8
Labour Fred Lindley 22,834 49.2
Majority 762 1.6
Turnout 82.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 54,752

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred William Lindley 26,937 60.4
Conservative Herbert Paul Latham 10,101 22.7
Liberal Reeves Charlesworth 7,534 16.9
Majority 16,836 37.7
Turnout 81.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Lindley 18,860 54.6
Conservative H. J. Temple 15,712 45.4
Majority 3,148 9.2
Turnout 81.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Lindley 16,893 53.9
Conservative Frederic Arthur Kelley 14,535 46.1
Majority 2,448 7.8
Turnout 75.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1922: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Arthur Kelley 17,093 51.0
Labour James Walker 16,449 49.0
Majority 644 2.0
Turnout 81.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Arthur Kelley 11,473 44.8
Labour James Walker 9,757 38.1
Liberal Joseph Kenworthy 3,805 14.9
National Democratic E. S. Bardsley 564 2.2
Majority 1,716 6.7
Turnout 63.2
Conservative gain from Lib-Lab Swing
Rotherham by-election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab Arthur Richardson Unopposed N/A N/A
Lib-Lab gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Jack Pease
Rotherham by-election, 1916
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Pease Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election December 1910: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Pease 9,385 67.5
Conservative J. H. Dransfield 4,511 32.5
Majority 4,874 35.0
Turnout 67.8
Liberal hold Swing
Rotherham by-election, 1910
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Pease Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election January 1910: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Wiliam Henry Holland 12,225 72.4
Conservative James Harrop Dransfield 4,667 27.6
Majority 7,558 44.8
Turnout 82.5
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Wiliam Henry Holland Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1900: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Wiliam Henry Holland 6,926 58.0
Conservative R. H. V. Wragge 5,021 42.0
Majority 1,905 16.0
Turnout 78.0
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Rotherham by-election, 1899
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Wiliam Henry Holland 6,671 58.6
Conservative R. H. V. Wragge 4,714 41.4
Majority 1,957 17.2
Turnout 77.1
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1895: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Rotherham by-election, 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1892: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland 6,567 69.8
Liberal Unionist G. S. Foljambe 2,839 30.2
Majority 3,728 39.6
Turnout 69.4
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland 5,155 71.3
Liberal Unionist Francis John Savile Foljambe 2,070 28.7
Majority 3,085 42.6
Turnout 67.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: Rotherham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland 6,301 73.6
Conservative W. W. Hoole 2,258 26.4
Majority 4,043 47.2
Turnout 79.8
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Proposals - Rotherham Boundary Commission for England
  3. ^ 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
  4. ^ 2001 Census
  5. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  6. ^ a b 2011 census interactive maps
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ Robert Winnett (14 October 2010). "Denis MacShane reported to police over expenses claims". Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  9. ^ Expenses probe into MP by Scotland Yard | News
  10. ^ Statement of Persons Nominated
  11. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Rotherham". Election 2010 (BBC). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  13. ^ [1]

Sources[edit]