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This article is about the Rothschild surname. For other uses, see Rothschild (disambiguation).

Rothschild (German Rotschild [rot Schild]: [ˈʁoːt.ʃɪlt]), meaning "red shield", is a surname derived from a house distinguished with a red shield (Middle High German rot (or roth)= "red" + schild = "shield"), the earliest recorded example dating from the 13th century.[1]

The German surname "Rothschild" is not related to the Scottish/Irish surname of "Rothchilds" from the United Kingdom.


Main article: Rothschild family

Most notable people with this surname are descendants of Mayer Amschel Rothschild who formed a European financial dynasty and, in modern history, perhaps the wealthiest family by the scale of their private fortune.

The name is also carried by others, mostly Ashkenazi Jews, who are not related to the famous family:

People outside the banker family[edit]

People of the banker family[edit]



  • Béatrice Ephrussi de Rothschild (1864-1934), French socialite and art collector, daughter of Alphonse James de Rothschild
  • Benjamin de Rothschild (b. 1963), Swiss banker, son of Edmond Adolphe de Rothschild.
  • Bethsabée de Rothschild (1914–1999), Jewish philanthropist, daughter of Édouard Alphonse de Rothschild
  • Bettina Caroline de Rothschild (1858–1892, French socialite, daughter of Alphonse James de Rothschild, wife of her cousin Albert Salomon von Rothschild
  • Betty de Rothschild (1805–1886), Austrian socialite, daughter of Salomon Mayer von Rothschild, wife of her cousin James Mayer de Rothschild


  • Carl Mayer von Rothschild (1788–1855), German banker, son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild.
  • Cécile de Rothschild (1913-1995), French socialite and friend of Greta Garbo, daughter of Robert Philippe de Rothschild
  • Charles Rothschild (1877–1923), English banker and entomologist, son of Nathan, 1st Baron Rothschild.
  • Charlotte de Rothschild (1825–1899), French socialite and painter, daughter of James Mayer de Rothschild, wife of her cousin Nathaniel de Rothschild
  • Charlotte von Rothschild (1819–1884), British socialite, daughter of Carl Mayer von Rothschild, wife of her first cousin Lionel de Rothschild.
  • Charlotte Henriette de Rothschild (b. 1955), British singer, daughter of Edmund Leopold de Rothschild.
  • Charlotte Nathan Rothschild (1807–1859), British socialite, daughter of Nathan Mayer Rothschild, wife of her first cousin Anselm von Rothschild





  • Guy de Rothschild (1909–2007), French banker, son of Édouard Alphonse de Rothschild.







  • Pauline de Rothschild (née Potter, 1908–1976), French writer and fashion designer, wife of Philippe de Rothschild.
  • Philippe de Rothschild (1902–1988), French race car driver, screenwriter, producer, and wine grower, son of Henri de Rothschild.
  • Philippine de Rothschild (1935-), French actress and wine grower, daughter of Philippe de Rothschild.


  • Robert Philippe Gustave de Rothschild, (1880-1946) French banker




Fictional characters[edit]


  1. ^ "Rothschild". Behind the Name. 


  • Hanks, Patrick Dictionary of American Family Names Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-508137-4