Rotimi Fani-Kayode

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Rotimi Fani-Kayode
Portrait of Rotimi In B/W
Rotimi by Robert Taylor [1]
Born April 1955
Lagos, Nigeria
Died 21 December 1989
London, United Kingdom
Nationality Nigerian
Other names Oluwarotimi Adebiyi Wahab Fani-Kayode
Citizenship British Nigerian
Occupation Photographer
Known for Co-founder Autograph ABP

Oluwarotimi (Rotimi) Adebiyi Wahab Fani-Kayode (20 April 1955 - 21 December 1989)[2] was a Nigerian-born photographer, who moved to England at the age of 12 to escape the Biafran War. He explored the tensions created by sexuality, race and culture through stylised portraits and compositions. The main body of his work was created between 1982 and 1989.


Rotimi was born in Lagos, Nigeria, in April 1955,the second child of Chief Babaremilekun Adetokunboh Fani-Kayode and Chief Mrs Adia Adunni Fani-Kayode, This prominent Yoruba family moved to Brighton, England, in 1966, after a military coup and the ensuing civil war. Rotimi pursued his secondary education in England, where he went to a number of private schools, including Brighton College, Seabright College and Millfield, then moved to the USA in 1976 to complete his education. He read Fine Arts and Economics, gaining a BA, at Georgetown University, Washington, DC, and gained an MFA at the Pratt Institute, New York, in Fine Arts & Photography. While in New York, he became friendly with Robert Mapplethorpe and later admitted to Mapplethorpe's influence on his work.[3]

Fani-Kayode returned to the UK in 1983. He died in a London hospital of a heart attack while recovering from an AIDS-related illness on 12 December 1989. At the time of his death, he was living in Brixton, London, with his partner and collaborator Alex Hirst.

Professional life[edit]

Although admitting to some influence by Mapplethorpe's earlier work, Rotimi Fani-Kayode pushed the bounds of his own art much further, exploring sexuality, racism, colonialism and the tensions and conflicts between his homosexuality and his Yoruba upbringing through a series of images in both colour and B/W.[4] His work is imbued with the subtlety, irony and political and social comment that one would expect from an intelligent and observant black photographer of the late twentieth century. He also contributed much to the artistic debate around HIV and AIDS.[5] He started to exhibit in 1984 and was involved with nine exhibitions between then and his death at the end of 1989. He has since had his work featured posthumously in many exhibitions and retrospectives.[4] His work has been exhibited in the United Kingdom, France, Austria, Italy, Nigeria, Sweden, Germany, South Africa and US. In 1987 along with Mark Sealy, he co-founded Aurograph ABP and became their first Chair. He was also an active member of The Black Audio Film Collective.[6] He was a major influence on young black photographers in the late 1980s and 1990s. Following Alex Hirst's death in 1992, there were some controversies over attribution of his work, a discussion that still continues.[6]


1986 Communion, London: Autograph
1987 Black Male/White Male, photographs by Rotimi Fani-Kayode, text by Alex Hirst, London: Gay Men's Press, 1994.
1988 "Traces of Ecstasy", Ten-8, no. 28, 1988.[7]
1997 Rotimi Fani-Kayode & Alex Hirst, Photographs, London: Autograph ABP, 1996.[8]


“My identity has been constructed from my own sense of otherness, whether cultural, racial or sexual. The three aspects are not separate within me. Photography is the tool by which I feel most confident in expressing myself. It is photography therefore — Black, African, homosexual photography — which I must use not just as an instrument, but as a weapon if I am to resist attacks on my integrity and, indeed, my existence on my own terms.”[9]


  1. ^ Robert Taylor Photography for other images of Fani-Kayode
  2. ^ "Rotimi Fani-Kayode (In Memoriam)", Autograph Newsletter, No. 9, December 1989/January 1990.
  3. ^ Conversation with the author 1988
  4. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Photographers.
  5. ^ Jean Marc Patras/ Galerie.
  6. ^ a b GLBTQ: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Culture.
  7. ^ List as given by Jean Marc Patras/ Galerie
  8. ^ Extract. Revue Noire.
  9. ^ “Traces of Ecstasy,” Ten-8, no. 28, 1988.

External links[edit]