Rotterdam Centraal railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Rotterdam Centraal Station)
Jump to: navigation, search
Rotterdam Centraal
Rtd CS-III.JPG
The new station building in February 2014
Station statistics
Address Netherlands
Coordinates 51°55′28″N 4°28′10″E / 51.92444°N 4.46944°E / 51.92444; 4.46944Coordinates: 51°55′28″N 4°28′10″E / 51.92444°N 4.46944°E / 51.92444; 4.46944
Line(s) Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway
HSL-Zuid
Utrecht–Rotterdam railway
Breda–Rotterdam railway
Platforms 13
Other information
Opened 1847
Station code Rtd
Location
Rotterdam Centraal railway station is located in Randstad
Rotterdam Centraal railway station

Rotterdam Centraal [rɔtərˈdɑm sɛnˈtraːɫ] is the main railway station of the city Rotterdam in the Netherlands. The station received an average of 110,000 passengers daily in 2007.[1] The current station building, located at Station Square, was officially opened in March 2014.

History[edit]

Railways in Rotterdam in 1936.
Rotterdam's former Centraal Station by architect Sybold van Ravesteyn built 1950-1957.

Before World War II, Rotterdam did not have a central railway station - instead there were four stations in and around the city's center:

Delftse Poort station was badly damaged by bombing in the Rotterdam Blitz. The new Centraal station was rebuilt just westwards of the site. Its original building was designed by architect Sybold van Ravesteyn and was completed on 13 March 1957, officially opening on 21 May. Maas station had closed in 1953 and trains from Utrecht were diverted to Centraal station via the new Rotterdam Noord station. However, the Hofpleinlijn (which later became part of RandstadRail) continued to bypass the station. Hofplein station was eventually closed in 2010 after the Hofpleinlijn was redirected through a tunnel and connected to Centraal station for the first time.

On 9 February 1968 Princess Beatrix opened the first metro line in the Netherlands at Centraal station. The line connected the station to the south of Rotterdam and is now known as Line D. The first subway station had an island platform with two tracks. On 28 September 2009, a new and more spacious underground station opened right next to the old one, which was immediately demolished. The new station has two island platforms with three tracks.

The mainline station nowadays has seven island platforms with thirteen platform tracks. There are three tracks without platform (tracks 2, 5 and 10). In 2007, it was used by approximately 110,000 passengers a day.

The 1957 station building was closed in 2007 and demolished in the following year to make way for a new station, which was completed and opened in 2014.

New Rotterdam Centraal[edit]

A total reconstruction of the station and its surroundings started in 2004 to cope with an increasing number of trains, for example the high-speed train between Amsterdam, Brussels and Paris, and to accommodate for RandstadRail. Furthermore, the existing station, especially the passenger tunnel, also became too small to handle the growing number of passengers. Traveller numbers were projected to be 320,000 per day in 2025. To cope with this increase, a new station was necessary.

In June 2004, ProRail and the Municipality of Rotterdam awarded the a contract to Team CS, a cooperative between Benthem Crouwel Architekten, MVSA Meyer & Van Schooten Architects, and West 8, for transforming the existing plans into a design for the new Central Station.

On May 16, 2006 Mayor Opstelten revealed a work of Onno Poiesz consisting of the word EXIT, which was mounted behind the windows of the facade. Some of the letters "CENTRAAL STATION" that stood on the roof of the station until its closing were put in a different order by Peter Hopman and Margien Reuvekamp of Office Lakenvelder to read "TRAAN LATEN" ("SHED A TEAR"). The final closure of the outdated station took place on September 2, 2007, in the presence of Mayor Opstelten, to allow for the demolition of the station. Between 16 January 2008 and the end of March 2008 the station was completely demolished.

Passengers then, for years, had to use amenities housed in a temporary shelter, a smurf-blue building complex on Conrad Street on the northeast corner of the Groothandelsgebouw. The bicycle tunnel served as a temporary passenger tunnel. On November 28, 2012 the six times as large, new passenger tunnel opened and on August 28, 2013, the renovated bicycle tunnel opened; the so-called biscuits, artworks that had adorned the wings of the former Central Station, are now above the ends of the bicycle tunnel. The full completion of the station was on March 13, 2014, when the station was reopened by King Willem-Alexander.[2] Rotterdam Centraal Station, as the station is now officially called - on the south side, at the explicit request of the citizens of Rotterdam, the name Centraal Station in the lettering that architect Van Ravensteyn had put on the old station, has returned - will obtain the status of world station, as it is on the international high-speed railway towards Belgium.

In addition to the train station, the old metro station of Rotterdam Centraal with two tracks and an island platform was renewed and extended to accommodate for the light rail connection to The Hague Central Station. The location of the former island platform is now occupied by switches. The tracks of the RandstadRail Metro Line E were connected to the rest of the metro network with a new tunnel at Rotterdam Central Station. The new metro station has three tracks and two island platforms. Track 1 serves metro line E, part of RandstadRail in the direction Den Haag Central Station. Track 2 is for metro line E towards Slinge; additional services between Slinge - Rotterdam Central vv also use track 2 as terminus of metro line D. Track 3 is between the two island platforms; uniquely the doors of the subway open on both sides while halting at this platform. The latter track is used as the starting point of Metro Line D to the Akkers. On September 28, 2009 the new metro station was opened, after it had been closed for two days. The connection for RandstadRail was officially opened on August 16, 2010; a day after it was available for passenger service.

On March 26, 2014, one of the 60-year-old trees that had to 'move' to allow for the renovation of the station area was placed on Conrad Street.

Destinations[edit]

As it is one of the four main stations in the Netherlands it is well connected with cities all over the country. Major destinations include:

Amsterdam, Amersfoort, Bergen op Zoom, Breda, Dordrecht, Delft, Den Haag, Eindhoven, Gouda, Groningen, Haarlem, Hoek van Holland (Ferry to Harwich UK), Leeuwarden, Leiden, Middelburg, Roosendaal, Tilburg, Utrecht, Venlo, Vlissingen and Zwolle.

There are also international services to Antwerpen, Brussels and Paris up to 10 times a day and to Lille twice per day.

Train services[edit]

The following services call at Rotterdam Centraal:

  • 1x per week high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Chambéry - Bourg-Saint-Maurice (in winter)
  • 1x per week high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Avignon - Marseille (in summer)
  • 10x per day high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Paris
  • 2x per day high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Lille
  • 2x per hour high speed service (Intercity Direct) Amsterdam - Schiphol - Rotterdam - Breda
  • 12x per day international service The Hague - Rotterdam - Roosendaal - Antwerp - Brussels
  • 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Haarlem - Leiden - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht
  • 2x per hour intercity service Lelystad - Amsterdam - Schiphol - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal - Vlissingen
  • 1x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Leeuwarden
  • 1x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Groningen
  • 2x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht
  • 2x per hour intercity service The Hague - Rotterdam - Breda - Eindhoven - Venlo
  • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - Breda - Eindhoven (weekends only)
  • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - The Hague - Amsterdam - Utrecht
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Gouda - Woerden - Amsterdam - Uitgeest
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Gouda - Gouda Goverwelle (peak hours only)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen - Maassluis - Hoek van Holland
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen - Maassluis - Maassluis West
  • 4x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen (peak hours only)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Breda (only 1x per hour from Dordrecht to Breda outside peak hours)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal (only 1x per hour from Dordrecht to Roosendaal outside peak hours)
Preceding station   Nederlandse Spoorwegen   Following station
Intercity Direct 900
Terminus
toward Paris Nord
Thalys Intercity 9300
toward Lille Europe
Thalys
Thalys (winter)
Terminus NS Intercity 500
toward Groningen
Terminus NS Nachtnet 1400
NS Intercity 1900
toward Venlo
toward Dordrecht
NS Intercity 2200
toward Vlissingen
NS Intercity 2600
Terminus NS Intercity 2800
Terminus NS Intercity 12500
toward Leeuwarden
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4000 Terminus
NS Sprinter 4100 Terminus
NS Sprinter 4200 Terminus
NS Sprinter 5000
toward Breda
NS Sprinter 5100
toward Roosendaal
Terminus NS Sprinter 9700
Panorama of the former Rotterdam Centraal

Metro services[edit]

Rotterdam Centraal currently serves as a terminus for metro line D, while line E trains continue further south to Slinge station, sharing the section between Rotterdam Centraal and Slinge with line D.

Preceding station   Rotterdam Metro   Following station
toward De Akkers
Line D Terminus
toward Slinge
Line E

Tram services[edit]

The station is served by almost all lines in the Rotterdam tramway network (4, 7, 8, 10, 18, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25 and 29).

Bus services[edit]

  • 33 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Rotterdam-The Hague Airport
  • 38 Rotterdam Centraal - Oud-Mathenesse - Schiedam Centrum
  • 39 Rotterdam Centraal - Crooswijk
  • 40 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Delft University - Delft
  • 44 Rotterdam Centraal - Erasmus University - Carnisse - Zuidplein
  • 48 Rotterdam Centraal - Beurs - Blaak - Kop van Zuid - Station Zuid
  • Eurolines

Amenities[edit]

The new travelers passage includes two supermarkets, a HEMA, a Burger King, a restaurant, and two branches of Starbucks. There is also a "Station Living room". [3] The south side features an underground bicycle parking for over 5,000 bicycles. Both the north and the south side have taxi stops. Under the Kruisplein an underground parking garage has been built with a water storage facility on top; This garage is accessible from the south (=west-east) tube of the Weena Tunnel and will be connected to the parking garage under the Schouwburgplein.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]