Rotunda of Mosta

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Rotunda of St Marija Assunta
Knisja Arċipretali Ta’ Santa Marija (Maltese)
Domen i Mosta.jpg
Facade of the Rotunda of St Marija Assunta.
Basic information
Location Malta Mosta, Malta
Geographic coordinates 35°54′36.29″N 14°25′33.24″E / 35.9100806°N 14.4259000°E / 35.9100806; 14.4259000Coordinates: 35°54′36.29″N 14°25′33.24″E / 35.9100806°N 14.4259000°E / 35.9100806; 14.4259000
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Year consecrated 1871
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Parish
Architectural description
Architect(s) Giorgio Grognet de Vassé
Architectural type Church
Direction of façade SSE
Groundbreaking 1614
Completed 1860s
Specifications
Length 75 metres (246 ft)
Width 55 metres (180 ft)

The Church of the Assumption of Our Lady, commonly known as the Rotunda of Mosta or Rotunda of St Marija Assunta (sometimes shortened to as The Mosta Dome) is a Roman Catholic church in Mosta, Malta. It is the fourth largest unsupported dome in the world and the third largest in Europe.

Built in the 19th century on the site of a previous church, it was designed by the Maltese architect Giorgio Grognet de Vassé. Its dome is among the largest in the world, with an internal diameter of 37.2 metres (122 ft).[1][2] The rotunda walls are nearly 9.1 metres (30 ft) thick.[1] The rotunda dome is the third-largest church dome in Europe and the ninth largest in the world.

Grongnet's plans were based on the Pantheon in Rome. Construction began in May 1833 and was completed in the 1860s. The original church was left in place while the Rotunda was built around it, allowing the local people to have a place of worship while the new church was being built. The church was officially consecrated the 15 October 1871.[3]

Mosta bomb miracle[edit]

On April 9, 1942, during an afternoon air-raid, a 200 kg Luftwaffe bomb pierced the dome (two others bounced off) and fell among a congregation of more than 300 people awaiting early evening mass. It did not explode. Its replica is now on display at the back of the church under the words Il-Miraklu tal-Bomba, 9 ta' April 1942 (Maltese: The Bomb Miracle, April 9, 1942).

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