||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (July 2014)|
The city hall
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Guillaume Delbar|
|Area1||13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,300/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||59512 / 59100|
|Elevation||17–52 m (56–171 ft)
(avg. 32 m or 105 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Roubaix is the second largest city in the French region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais ranked by population with about 100,000 inhabitants. Together with Lille, Tourcoing, Villeneuve-d'Ascq and 81 other communes, Roubaix gives structure to a metropolitan area inhabited by around 1.1 million people: the Urban Community of Lille Métropole. To a greater extent, Roubaix belongs to a vast conurbation formed with the Belgian cities of Mouscron, Kortrijk, Tournai and Menen, which gave birth to the first European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation in January 2008, Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai, which counts for a total of over 2 million inhabitants. The city is served by the Lille Metro.
Renowned for art and history, the city remains famous for its architectural heritage and for the economic boom which took place here during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century, thanks to the textile industry, of which it was the worldwide capital at the beginning of the 20th century. The main French mail order houses were founded here (La Redoute and 3 Suisses).
Roubaix is trying to address the difficulties associated with deindustrialization (1970-1980) by creating new industries, capitalizing on its cultural and political attributes (La Piscine Museum, Condition publique, Colisée, National Archives of the World of Work) and a strong student presence (EDHEC Business School, ENSAIT). Nevertheless, unemployment remains high and 75% of the city is classified as sensitive urban zone (ZUS).
Roubaix is set on the eastern side of Lille and the southern side of Tourcoing, close to the Belgian border. The municipality belongs to the land of Ferrain, a neighbourhood of the former Castellany of Lille.
Notable is La Piscine art gallery, which, as the name implies, is located in the old municipal swimming pool. Discobolos (international artist Wim Delvoye's) is the first work of modern art, ordered by the inhabitants, with the Comité de quartier de l'Hommelet, an association of citizens.
On 16 May 1967, Roubaix was the venue of the final live performance in the career of singer Jacques Brel. Filming location of Arnaud Desplechin's "A Christmas Tale" ("Un Conte de Noel"), a highly regarded 2008 comedy-drama.
OVH has 6 datacentres in Roubaix.
Roubaix is the finish of the Paris–Roubaix cycling classic, one of the most prestigious events on the cycling calendar. The 259.5-kilometre (161.2 mi) race from Compiègne to Roubaix includes almost 50 km (31 mi) of cobbles.
One of the longest distance walking races in the world also takes place each year in Roubaix. Since 1953 the televised 'Roubaix 28 hours' regularly sees elite endurance athletes from dozens of countries aiming to complete the longest distance possible within the 28 hour time limit. The current record is over 255 km (158 mi), with many each year completing more than 200 km (124 mi).
- Aliou Dia, footballer
- Anthony Knockaert (born 1991) footballer
- Antoine Roussel (born 1989) professional hockey player for the Dallas Stars of the National Hockey League
- Arnaud Desplechin (born 1960) – film director
- Arnaud Tournant (1978) track cyclist
- Bernard Arnault (born 1949), businessman
- Daouda Sow boxer
- David Coulibaly footballer
- Étienne Chatiliez (born 1952), film director
- Eugène Motte (born 1860), politician and businessman
- Ferdinand Bonnel (1865–1945), Jesuit priest and missionary in Sri Lanka
- Georges Delerue (1925–1992), film composer who worked on over 300 films
- Jean Desbouvrie (c. 1840–1847 – ?) inventor and bird tamer
- Jean-Baptiste Lebas (1898–1944), politician
- Jean-Joseph Weerts, painter
- Léon Mathot (1886–1968) – French film actor and director
- Joseph Willot (1875–1919) pharmacist and World War I resistance activist.
- Martial Mbandjock athlete
- Maxence Van Der Meersch (1907–1951) writer
- Michel Breistroff (1971–1996) hockey player
- Pierre Pflimlin (1907–2000), Christian Democratic politician who served as the last Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic
- Pierrick Gunther, rugby player
- Stanislas Dehaene (born 1965), cognitive psychologist
- Viviane Romance (1912–1991), actress
- Yero Dia footballer
Twin towns — Sister cities
Roubaix is twinned with:
- Museum of Art and Industry André Diligent
- Canal of Roubaix
- Roubaix, South Dakota
- André Bizette-Lindet
- "MENTIONS LEGALES." Ankama Games. Retrieved on 30 October 2012. "75 boulevard d'Armentières BP 60403 59057 ROUBAIX Cedex 1 - France"
- Cycling. "Paris-Roubaix 2011: race preview of 'the hell of the north'". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Skopje - Twin towns & Sister cities". Official portal of City of Skopje. © Grad Skopje - 2006 - 2013, www.skopje.gov.mk. Archived from the original on 2013-10-24. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roubaix.|
- Tourist office website
- Website of the museum of art and industry (French)
- LeBlog2Roubaix.com (videoblog and WebTv about Roubaix)
- Roubaix at DMOZ (French)
- See pictures from Antonio Mucherino's web site