||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (July 2014)|
The city hall
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Guillaume Delbar|
|Area1||13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,300/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||59512 / 59100|
|Elevation||17–52 m (56–171 ft)
(avg. 32 m or 105 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
With a population of almost 100,000 people, Roubaix, second largest city in Nord-Pas-de-Calais by population, forms, with Lille, Tourcoing, Villeneuve-d'Ascq and 81 other communes the Urban Community of Lille Métropole, a consolidated city-county which contains around 1.1 million inhabitants. To a greater extent, Roubaix belongs to a vast conurbation formed with the Belgian cities of Mouscron, Kortrijk, Tournai and Menen, which have given birth in January 2008 to the first European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation, Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai, which counts for a total of over 2 million inhabitants. The city is served by the Lille Metro.
A city renowned for art and history, the city remains famous for its architectural heritage and for the economic boom which took place here during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century, thanks to the textile industry, of which it was the worldwide capital at the beginning of the 20th century. The main French mail order houses were founded here (La Redoute and 3 Suisses).
Roubaix is trying to fight against the difficulties tied to deindustrialization from 1970-1980 by creating new economic industries, its cultural political emphasis (La Piscine Museum, Condition publique, Colisée,National Archives of the World of Work) and a strong student presence (EDHEC Business School, ENSAIT). Nevertheless, unemployment remains high and 75% of the city is classified as sensitive urban zone (ZUS).
The Gare de Roubaix railway station offers connections to Lille, Tourcoing, Antwerp, Ostend and Paris.
Notable is La Piscine art gallery, which, as the name implies, is located in the old municipal swimming pool. Discobolos (international artist Wim Delvoye's) is the first work of modern art, ordered by the inhabitants, with the Comité de quartier de l'Hommelet, an association of citizens.
On 16 May 1967, Roubaix was the venue of the final live performance in the career of singer Jacques Brel.
OVH has 6 datacentres in Roubaix.
Roubaix is the finish of the Paris–Roubaix cycling classic, one of the most prestigious events on the cycling calendar. The 259.5-kilometre (161.2 mi) race from Compiègne to Roubaix includes almost 50 km (31 mi) of cobbles.
One of the longest distance walking races in the world also takes place each year in Roubaix. Since 1953 the televised 'Roubaix 28 hours' regularly sees elite endurance athletes from dozens of countries aiming to complete the longest distance possible within the 28 hour time limit. The current record is over 255 km (158 mi), with many each year completing more than 200 km (124 mi).
Roubaix was the birthplace of:
- Bernard Arnault (born 1949), businessman
- Michel Breistroff (1971–1996) hockey player
- Étienne Chatiliez (born 1952), film director
- David Coulibaly footballer
- Stanislas Dehaene (born 1965), cognitive psychologist
- Georges Delerue (1925–1992), film composer who worked on over 300 films
- Jean Desbouvrie (c. 1840–1847 – ?) inventor and bird tamer
- Arnaud Desplechin (born 1960) – film director
- Aliou Dia, footballer
- Yero Dia footballer
- Pierrick Gunther, rugby player
- Anthony Knockaert (born 1991) footballer
- Léon Mathot (1886–1968) – French film actor and director
- Martial Mbandjock athlete
- Pierre Pflimlin (1907–2000), Christian Democratic politician who served as the last Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic
- Viviane Romance (1912–1991), actress
- Antoine Roussel (born 1989) professional hockey player for the Dallas Stars of the National Hockey League
- Daouda Sow boxer
- Arnaud Tournant (1978) track cyclist
- Maxence Van Der Meersch (1907–1951) writer
- Jean-Joseph Weerts, painter
- Joseph Willot (1875–1919) pharmacist and World War I resistance activist.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Roubaix is twinned with:
- "MENTIONS LEGALES." Ankama Games. Retrieved on 30 October 2012. "75 boulevard d'Armentières BP 60403 59057 ROUBAIX Cedex 1 - France"
- Cycling. "Paris-Roubaix 2011: race preview of 'the hell of the north'". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Skopje - Twin towns & Sister cities". Official portal of City of Skopje. © Grad Skopje - 2006 - 2013, www.skopje.gov.mk. Archived from the original on 2013-10-24. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roubaix.|
- City council website (French)
- Tourist office website
- Website of the museum
- LeBlog2Roubaix.com (videoblog and WebTv about Roubaix)
- Roubaix at DMOZ (French)
- See pictures from Antonio Mucherino's web site