Rousong

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Bah-sang
Fragrance Pork Floss.jpg
Alternative name(s) meat wool, meat floss, pork floss, flossy pork or pork sung
Place of origin Asia
Main ingredient(s) Pork
Rousong
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 肉松
Traditional Chinese 肉鬆
Literal meaning meat fluff/loose
Rousu
Chinese 肉酥
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese ruốc (Northern Vietnamese) or chà bông (Southern Vietnamese)
Indonesian name
Indonesian abon

Bah-sang, also called meat wool, meat floss, pork floss, flossy pork, pork sung, or yuk sung, is a dried meat product with a light and fluffy texture similar to coarse cotton, originating from Vietnam. It also spread to Taiwan and China.[1] Rousong is used as a topping for many foods, such as congee, tofu, and savory soy milk. It is also used as filling for various buns and pastries, and as a snack food on its own. Rousong is a very popular food item in Chinese cuisine and Taiwanese cuisine.

Production[edit]

Bah-sang is made by stewing cuts of pork in a sweetened soy sauce mixture until individual muscle fibres can be easily teased apart with a fork. This happens when the collagen that holds the muscle fibers of the meat together has been converted into gelatin.[2] The teased-apart meat is then strained and dried in the oven. After a light drying, the meat is mashed and beaten while being dry cooked in a large wok until it is nearly completely dry. Additional flavourings are usually added while the mixture is being dry fried. 5 kg (11 lb) of meat will usually yield about 1 kg (2.2 lb).[citation needed]

Pork-less versions[edit]

Fish floss is roasted to look very much like its meat counterpart.
Beef floss for sale in Sulawesi, Indonesia

Fish can also be made into floss (; hi-sang), though initial stewing is not required due to the low collagen and elastin content of fish meat.

In Muslim majority Indonesia, beef floss is the most popular variant, and meat floss is commonly called abon. Malaysian Muslims make and consume meat floss made from chicken or beef called serunding, which is a popular delicacy during Ramadan and Hari Raya Aidilfitri.[3]

Other versions[edit]

A very similar product is pork hu (肉脯; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: bah-hú), which is less fried and less shredded than bah-sang, and has a more fibrous texture.

Notable brands[edit]

North America[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

  • Abon Ratu (beef floss)
  • Abon Ratu Mawar (beef floss)
  • Abon Gloria (beef floss)

Taiwan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grigson, Jane (January 1985), World Atlas of Food, Bookthrift Company, ISBN 978-0-671-07211-7 
  2. ^ Vickie Vaclavik, Elizabeth W. Christian. "Essentials of Food Science". Springer, 2003, p. 169.
  3. ^ Thestar.com. "Thestar.com." Mum’s meat floss legacy. Retrieved on 2008-09-19.