Rousset, Bouches-du-Rhône

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Rousset
L'Eglise - Rousset (13).JPG
Coat of arms of Rousset
Coat of arms
Rousset is located in France
Rousset
Rousset
Coordinates: 43°28′52″N 5°37′19″E / 43.481°N 5.622°E / 43.481; 5.622Coordinates: 43°28′52″N 5°37′19″E / 43.481°N 5.622°E / 43.481; 5.622
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Trets
Intercommunality Pays d'Aix
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Louis Canal
Area
 • Land1 19.50 km2 (7.53 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 4,290
 • Population2 density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13087 / 13790
Elevation 196–480 m (643–1,575 ft)
(avg. 224 m or 735 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rousset is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France close to Aix-en-Provence.

History[edit]

Although Rousset can be traced back to the Romans, the first written mention comes in a 1050 document, under the name of "Rosselun" or "roscetum rosetum".[1] In the Middle Ages, a castle as well as a church and chapels were built, as dwellings increased.[1]

In the 9th century, Rousset belonged to Saint-Victor,[1] then by 1143 the Knights Templar took over,[1] followed by the Knights of Malta in 1307.[1]

Under the French Revolution, the castle was destroyed.[1]

The church was built in 1861.[1]

It is now home to Atmel and STMicroelectronics.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 2,650 —    
1800 2,717 +2.5%
1806 2,483 −8.6%
1821 2,634 +6.1%
1831 3,014 +14.4%
1836 3,010 −0.1%
1841 3,039 +1.0%
1846 3,028 −0.4%
1851 2,656 −12.3%
1856 2,890 +8.8%
1861 2,910 +0.7%
1866 2,859 −1.8%
1872 2,794 −2.3%
1876 3,285 +17.6%
1881 2,986 −9.1%
1886 2,821 −5.5%
1891 2,595 −8.0%
1896 2,518 −3.0%
1901 2,722 +8.1%
1906 2,710 −0.4%
1911 2,659 −1.9%
1921 2,712 +2.0%
1926 2,965 +9.3%
1931 2,903 −2.1%
1936 2,624 −9.6%
1946 2,553 −2.7%
1954 2,640 +3.4%
1962 2,957 +12.0%
1968 3,250 +9.9%
1975 3,674 +13.0%
1982 4,735 +28.9%
1990 7,900 +66.8%
1999 9,314 +17.9%
2008 4,290 −53.9%

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]