Roussin's black salt
|Roussin's Black Salt|
|Molar mass||552.67 g/mol|
|Melting point||198-200 °C (471-473 K)|
|Related||Roussin's Red Salt|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Roussin's black salt is a chemical compound with the formula NaFe4S3(NO)7. It is classified as metal nitrosyl compound. It consists of the sodium salt of the [Fe4S3(NO)7]− anion. The cluster anion has the geometry of an incomplete cubane with C3v symmetry.
Roussin’s Black Salt is produced by the reaction of nitrous acid, potassium hydroxide, potassium sulfide, and iron(II) sulfate in aqueous solution. It can also be formed by the conversion of Roussin's Red Salt in mildly acidic conditions. This reaction is reversible and Roussin’s Red Salt is reformed upon alkalization of the reaction solution.
Roussin’s Black Salt is a nitric oxide donor. The nitric oxide donated by Roussin’s Black Salt has proven to be toxic to some melanoma cancer cells. Also, Roussin’s Black Salt demonstrates antibacterial activity in some food processing applications.
- L. Marchlewski; J. Sacks. “Studien über Roussins Salz.” Z. Anorg. Chem. 1892, 2, 175–181.
- Janczyk, A.; et al.. "NO-dependent phototoxicity of Roussin’s black salt against cancer cells." Nitric Oxide, 2004, 10, 42-50.
- Greenwood, N. N.; & Earnshaw, A. (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd Edn.), Oxford:Butterworth-Heinemann
- Greenwood, N. N.; & Earnshaw, A. (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd Edn.), Oxford:Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-3365-4.
- Roussin, M.L. Ann. Chim. Phys 1858, 3, 285.