Roustam Raza

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Roustam Raza
Roustam - Vernet.jpg
"Portrait of Roustam Raza, the mamluck of Napoleon", 1810
Born Rostam
Tiflis, Kartli
Died December 7, 1845 (aged 61–62)
Dourdan, France
Ethnicity Armenian[1]
Citizenship France
Spouse(s) Alexandrine Douville
Children Achille
Depiction of Roustam Raza in traditional mamluk uniform.

'Roustam Raza, also known as Roustan or Rustam was Napoleon Bonaparte's famous mamluk bodyguard.[2] Roustam was born in Tbilisi, Georgia to Armenian parents. At thirteen Roustam was kidnapped and sold as a slave in Cairo. The Turks gave him the name Idzhahia. The sheikh of Cairo presented him to General Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798. Roustan served as a bodyguard of Napoleon until 1814, when he married Mademoiselle Douville in Dourdan, France and refused to follow the Emperor in his exile to Elba.[3][4]

On 7 December 1845, Roustam died in Dourdan.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Souvenirs de Roustam…: «Il m’a beaucoup regardé, en me disant si je parle Arménien ? Je dis que oui, mème j'élais Arménien. Il me dit en mème langage»
  2. ^ "NAPOLEON AS HIS MAMELUKE SERVANT SAW HIM; Memoirs of Roustam Come to Light---Intimate Anecdotes of the Emperor by His Personal Attendant, Whom Bonaparte Brought Back with Him from Egypt and Who Served Him for 17 Years". The New York Times. 7 May 1911. 
  3. ^ Roustam, mameluck de Napoléon. D'après des mémoires et de nombreux documents inédits tirés des Archives Nationales et des Archives du ministère de la Guerre. [Ed.Hector Fleischmann]. — Paris: Albert Méricant, 1910. — 384 pp. (French)
  4. ^ Alexander Mikaberidze (September 9, 2001). "The Georgian Mameluks in Egypt". 
  5. ^ Registre d'état civil de Dourdan (1845), Archives départementales de l'Essonne

External links[edit]