Route 14 (MTA Maryland)
|System||Maryland Transit Administration|
|Predecessors||Annapolis and Baltimore Short Line Railroad (1887–1935)
Baltimore and Annapolis Railroad (1935–1950)
Supplemental buses (1950–1973)
Anne Arundel County
|Communities served||Brooklyn Park
|Landmarks served||Baltimore Washington Medical Center
Anne Arundel Community College
U.S. Naval Academy
Maryland State Capitol
|Other routes||16, 17, 51, 77|
|Frequency||Every 30 minutes
Every 20 minutes (peak)
|Weekend frequency||Every 30–90 minutes|
|Operates||5:00 am to 12:00 am |
Route 14 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration between Baltimore and Annapolis, Maryland. At most times, the line operates from the Patapsco Light Rail Stop in southern Baltimore with short turns at Jumper's Hole in Pasadena. The bus route, one of the longest local routes operated by MTA, is the successor to the Baltimore and Annapolis Railroad interurban, and mainly operates along the parallel Ritchie Highway, serving Brooklyn Park, Glen Burnie, Pasadena, and Severna Park. When the Light Rail is not running, Route 14 runs all the way to downtown Baltimore, mostly along Hanover Street.
While MTA used the zone system for its fares that was abolished in 1996, Route 14 was the only local bus that operated into Zone 5, the farthest out zone from Baltimore City, where the highest fares were paid.
The Annapolis and Baltimore Short Line Railroad began operating steam trains between Baltimore and Annapolis in 1887, and electrified their line in 1908. The Baltimore and Annapolis Railroad, formed in a 1935 reorganization, soon began operating buses to supplement its main line; buses replaced that main line on February 5, 1950 The MTA took over the bus route in 1973, and numbered it Route 14.
The no. 14 designation was not used for any Baltimore-Annapolis service until 1973, and prior to this date, Baltimore-Annapolis transportation was unnumbered. No. 14 previously referred to a streetcar service that operated between Ellicott City and downtown Baltimore until 1954. The portion of this service as far west as Catonsville is now served by Route 23; Ellicott City service is offered on a limited basis by Route 150.
When the Central Light Rail Line opened in 1992 along part of the old interurban line, Route 14 was truncated to the Patapsco stop during Light Rail operating hours, with selected trips deviating to Bay Meadow Industrial Park. A deviation to serve the Cromwell Light Rail Stop was added in 1993 when this station opened.
In 2005, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, it was proposed that Route 14 be split, with route 14 operating only between Patapsco and Jumper's Hole, and the new Route 41 serving Annapolis less frequently. Due to public outcry, this plan was not implemented.
In 2008, Route 14 was split into two branches: One operates to Annapolis via the original route. The other operates to Jumper's Hole via a variation of this route to serve the Quarterfield Shopping Center, which is the location of a Wal-Mart Supercenter. This branch operates every day except Sundays.
- Harwood, Herbert (2003). Baltimore streetcars: the postwar years. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-8018-7190-5.
- Herbert H. Harwood, Jr., Maryland Online Encyclopedia, Baltimore & Annapolis Railroad, accessed April 10, 2007
- "14 - Edmondson Avenue Local". Streetcar Routes. Baltimore Transit Company Archives. Retrieved August 2011.
- MTA September 1992 schedule changes
- MTA September 1993 schedule changes
- MTA winter 1996 schedule changes
- Route 14 map and schedule, effective June 17, 2012.